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The Genetics of Evoked Responses to Niacin and Endotoxemia: The GENE Study

Information source: University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Healthy Volunteers

Intervention: Immediate Release Niacin, Extended Release Niacin, Endotoxin (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: University of Pennsylvania

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Muredach P Reilly, M.B., MSCE, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania


The purpose of this study is to determine genetic factors that affect responses to niacin therapy and endotoxemia in healthy volunteers.

Clinical Details

Official title: The Genetics of Evoked Responses to Niacin and Endotoxemia: The GENE Study

Study design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome: Candidate gene variation will influence (1) the metabolic response to acute niacin administration and (2) the vascular injury response during endotoxemia.

Detailed description: Niacin is a vitamin that has beneficial effects on cholesterol (a type of fat in the blood) when used in high doses. Different people respond differently to cholesterol lowering doses of niacin, some people have a side effect termed flushing (similar to a hot flash) while others do not and some people have more pronounced effects on cholesterol. Endotoxin or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a small part of bacteria (that is no longer living) that can cause many of the effects similar to bacterial infections in humans. However, it can be administered in very small amounts to produce a mild inflammatory response much the same as

a 'flu-like" illness. Within 1 ½ - 3 hours after giving LPS by vein, a response consisting

of fever, chills, headache, nausea and vomiting and generalized aches and pains will occur which lasts up to 6-8 hours. In addition to the flu like symptoms, the inflammation causes changes in cholesterol, triglycerides and glucose clearance. Different people respond differently to endotoxin and inflammation. We are performing this study to see if there are genetic factors that predict how people will respond to niacin and to endotoxin and its inflammatory response.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 45 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Men and non-pregnant/lactating women between the ages of 18 and 45. 2. Self reported African American or Caucasian racial-ethnic background. 3. BMI of ≥ 18 and ≤ 30. 4. Participants who are able to give written informed consent and willing to comply with all study-related procedures. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Known clinically manifest atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, including coronary disease, cerebrovascular disease, or peripheral vascular disease. 2. History of diabetes mellitus. 3. Fasting glucose > 126 mg/dL. 4. History of a non-skin malignancy within the previous 5 years. 5. Renal insufficiency as defined by creatinine > 1. 5 mg/dl at Screening Visit. 6. History of liver disease or abnormal LFTs (AST, ALT, Alk. Phos., GGT > 1. 5x ULN; bilirubin > 2x ULN) at Screening Visit. 7. Men who are unwilling to limit alcohol consumption to <14 alcoholic drinks per week or < 4 alcoholic drinks per occasion (AMA / NIAAA criteria for "at risk" usage levels) while participating in the study. 8. Women who are unwilling to limit alcohol consumption to < 7 alcoholic drinks per week or < 3 alcoholic drinks per occasion (AMA / NIAAA criteria for "at risk" usage levels) while participating in the study. 9. Total white blood cell count less than or equal to 3. 0 THO/uL. 10. Hemoglobin below 11. 0 g/dL. 11. Any major active rheumatologic, pulmonary, or dermatologic disease or inflammatory condition or minor active infection. 12. History of HIV positive. 13. First degree family history of premature cardiovascular disease event (father or brother if diagnosed at before 55 years of age; mother or sister if diagnosed before 65 years of age). 14. Patients who have undergone any organ transplant. 15. Individuals who currently use tobacco products or have done so in the previous 30 days. 16. Treatment with aspirin, NSAIDs, COX-2 inhibitors, steroids or any immunomodulatory therapy 2 weeks prior to the Screening Visit. 17. Treatment with statins, fibrates or niacin 4 weeks prior to the Screening Visit. 18. Current daily use of Vitamin C > 1000 mg, Beta carotene > 1000 IU, vitamin A > 5000 IU, vitamin E > 400 IU, and selenium > 200 mcg. 19. Positive urine pregnancy at the Screening Visit. 20. Participation in another clinical trial within the previous 6 weeks prior to the Screening Visit. 21. Poorly controlled blood pressure (BP > 160/110) or on any anti-hypertensive medications. 22. A diagnosis of metabolic syndrome using updated 2004 NCEP ATPIII criteria. 23. A history of severe lactose intolerance (e. g., intolerance of any milk intake). 24. Any medical condition or abnormal laboratory value that is judged clinically significant by an investigator.

Locations and Contacts

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: June 2007
Last updated: February 17, 2011

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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