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A Phase II Study to Determine the Safety and Efficacy of Interferon-Gamma in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B

Information source: Huntington Medical Research Institutes
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on October 04, 2010
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Hepatitis B

Intervention: IFN-γ 1b (Actimmune) (Drug); Adefovir dipivoxil (Drug); IFN-γ 1b and Adefovir dipivoxil combination (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Not yet recruiting

Sponsored by: Huntington Medical Research Institutes

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Myron J Tong, Phd, MD, Study Chair, Affiliation: HMRI


Open-label, prospective, two part study evaluating IFN-γ 1b at a dose of 200μg by subcutaneous injection every day either alone or in combination with Adefovir dipivoxil or Adefovir dipivoxil alone at a dose of 10mg QD in patients with chronic Hepatitis B.

Clinical Details

Official title: Protocol Title: A Phase II Open-Labeled Study to Determine the Safety and Preliminary Efficacy of Interferon-Gamma 1b (IFN-γ 1b) in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B Who Are HBV DNA Positive

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: The primary objective is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of IFN-γ 1b either alone or in combination with Adefovir dipivoxil in patients with chronic Hepatitis B.

Secondary outcome:

Evaluate the changes in serum HBV DNA concentrations following administration of Adefovir dipivoxil alone, IFN-γ 1b either alone or in combination with Adefovir dipivoxil in patients with chronic Hepatitis B.

Evaluate the changes in liver tests and hematology following administration of Adefovir dipivoxil alone, IFN-γ 1b either alone or in combination with Adefovir dipivoxil in patients with chronic Hepatitis B.

Detailed description: After signing the informed consent potential patients will undergo a screening medical history, physical examination, and laboratory tests.

The study will consist of two parts:

- Part A: IFN-γ 1b monotherapy

- Part B: IFN-γ 1b combination therapy with Adefovir dipivoxil or Adefovir dipivoxil


Patients will be enrolled sequentially into to one of three treatment groups. In Part A, ten patients will be enrolled and will receive IFN-γ 1b 200μg, administered every day by subcutaneous injection for 4 weeks. If HBV DNA is reduced by ≥ 1 log10 copies/ mL in ≥ 30% of patients the protocol will proceed to Part B.

In Part B, twenty patients will be enrolled into two cohorts (total of 10 for each cohort) and treated for four weeks. The two cohorts will be administered:

- IFN-γ 1b 200μg, administered every day combination therapy with Adefovir dipivoxil

(10mg QD) or

- Adefovir dipivoxil (10mg QD) alone

On the initial study visit, patients will be given instruction on self injection of IFN-γ 1b (if applicable). Patients will be monitored for safety, tolerability, HBV DNA, clinical chemistries including a standard panel of liver tests and hematologies throughout the study and for the two week post-treatment observation period.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 75 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

Patients must fulfill all of the following criteria to be eligible for enrollment into the study:

1. Men or women age 18 to 75 years

2. Chronic hepatitis B infection based on a history of positive anti-HBsAg and positive for HBV DNA and with or without elevations in liver tests (test to be repeated on screening)

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients with any of the following will be excluded from randomization:

1. Presence of clinically evident cirrhosis including: ascites requiring active diuretic therapy, history of or therapy for hepatic encephalopathy, or history of GI variceal bleeding

2. Platelet count < 50,000/mm3

3. Serum ALT level > 10 times upper limit of normal

4. Alpha-fetoprotein level ≥ 200 ng/mL or alpha-fetoprotein level between 50-200 ng/mL in association with liver ultrasound or other radiographic abnormality suspicious for hepatic neoplasm

5. Serum creatinine level > 1. 6 mg/dL

6. Hematology outside of specified limits: neutrophil count <1000/mm3, hemoglobin <10 g/dL in males and <9 g/dL in females

7. Unstable or uncontrolled thyroid disease

8. Treatment with any interferon-α or nucleoside/tide analog within the previous 4 weeks

9. Presence of clinically significant cryoglobulinemia (e. g., skin rash, arthritis, or renal insufficiency due to cryoglobuliemia)

10. Presence or history of autoimmune hepatitis, alpha-1 anti-trypsin deficiency, hemochromatosis, Wilson's disease, drug- or toxin-induced liver disease, alcohol-related liver disease, primary biliary cirrhosis, or sclerosing cholangitis (mild-to-moderate steatosis is acceptable)

11. Chronic hepatitis C infection

12. Hepatits Delta infection (HDV)

13. Known history of HIV infection or positive HIV antibody test by Western Blot (test performed within 60 days of screening can be used to determine eligibility)

14. A disease known to cause significant alteration in immunologic function including hematological malignancy or autoimmune disorder (e. g. rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosis, autoimmune thyroid disease, leukemia, lymphoma, etc)

15. Concurrent therapy with immunosuppressive drugs or cytotoxic agents such as oral prednisone, cyclosporine, azathioprine, or chemotherapeutic agent(s) (e. g., cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, or cancer chemotherapy) or radiation therapy

16. Behavior that suggests a significant risk of poor compliance including, but not limited to:

1. Illicit drug abuse within the past 3 years

2. Current or history of alcohol abuse within the past 2 years

17. Prior treatment with IFN-γ 1b

18. History of unstable or deteriorating cardiac disease, including but not limited to:

1. Myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass surgery, or angioplasty within the past 6 months

2. Congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization within the past 6 months

3. Uncontrolled arrhythmias

4. Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs)

5. Any cardiac condition that, in the opinion of the site PI, might be significantly exacerbated by flu-like symptoms associated with the administration of IFN γ 1b

19. Preexisting (within last two years) or active psychiatric condition including severe depression, major psychoses, suicidal ideation or suicidal attempts

20. History of (within last two years) or current neurologic or psychiatric disorder that, in the opinion of the site PI, might be exacerbated by flu-like symptoms associated with the administration of IFN γ 1b. In addition, patients with the following conditions should be excluded:

1. History of multiple sclerosis

2. Seizures within the past 2 years

21. Severe or poorly controlled diabetes

22. Pregnancy or lactation. Females of childbearing potential are required to have a negative urine pregnancy test prior to treatment and must agree to practice abstinence or prevent pregnancy by at least a barrier method of birth control for the duration of the study

23. Hemoglobinopthies (e. g. thalassemia, sickle cell disease)

24. Any serious or chronic disease that, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator (PI), may affect the assessment of safety or efficacy parameters. This includes, but is not limited to, patients with malignancy who are receiving chemotherapy, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma requiring maintenance oral steroids, or active kidney disease

25. Any condition which, in the opinion of the site PI, is likely to result in the death of the patient within the next year

26. Patients who, in the opinion of the site PI, are not suitable candidates for enrollment or would not comply with the requirements of the study

27. Patients who have had a liver transplant

28. Patients who have Adefovir mutations on baseline tests

Locations and Contacts

Huntington Medical Research Institutes, Pasadena, California 91105, United States
Additional Information

Huntington Medical Research Institutes

Myron J. Tong, PhD, MD

Related publications:

Parvez MK, Sehgal D, Sarin SK, Basir SF, Jameel S. Inhibition of hepatitis B virus DNA replicative intermediate forms by recombinant interferon-gamma. World J Gastroenterol. 2006 May 21;12(19):3006-14.

Lau JY, Lai CL, Wu PC, Chung HT, Lok AS, Lin HJ. A randomised controlled trial of recombinant interferon-gamma in Chinese patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection. J Med Virol. 1991 Jul;34(3):184-7.

Marcellin P, Loriot MA, Boyer N, Martinot-Peignoux M, Degott C, Degos F, Brandely M, Lenfant B, Benhamou JP. Recombinant human gamma-interferon in patients with chronic active hepatitis B: pharmacokinetics, tolerance and biological effects. Hepatology. 1990 Jul;12(1):155-8.

Starting date: September 2008
Last updated: September 15, 2008

Page last updated: October 04, 2010

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