A Randomized Multicenter Double-Blind CT to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Mycophenolate Mofetil . . .
Information source: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on June 20, 2008
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
Condition(s) targeted: Interstitial Cystitis; Painful Bladder Syndrome
Intervention: Mycophenolate Mofetil (Drug); Mycofenolate Mofetil (MMF) (Drug); Placebo (Drug)
Phase: Phase 3
Sponsored by: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
John Kusek, PhD, Study Director, Affiliation: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
LeRoy Nyberg, MD, PhD, Study Director, Affiliation: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Richard Landis, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Pennsylnania
David Burks, MD, Study Chair, Affiliation: Henry Ford Hospital
Harris Foster, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Yale University
The purpose of this study is to investigate the safety and effectiveness of a medication
called CellCept in treating refractory (has not responded to other treatments) interstitial
CellCept belongs to a class of medications called immuno-suppressants. Immuno-suppressants
work in the body by reducing the immune system's ability to produce certain reactions that
can cause inflammation. In some people, the inflammation produced by their immune system can
damage healthy tissues and cause symptoms of pain and discomfort. CellCept is approved by the
U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in patients who have had an organ transplant.
When used in combination with other drugs, CellCept helps to prevent the rejection of the
transplanted organ and is used widely in patients who have received kidney, liver and heart
transplants. CellCept is also frequently used but not FDA approved for the treatment of
severe rheumatoid arthritis which is a disease caused when the body's immune system acts
against healthy tissues in the joints.
Due to its special activity, CellCept may be useful in treating certain inflammatory diseases
or conditions like interstitial cystitis.
Official title: A Randomized Multicenter Double-Blind Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Mycophenolate Mofetil (CellCept) for the Treatment of Refractory Interstitial Cystitis (IC)
Study design: Treatment, Randomized, Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Placebo Control, Parallel Assignment, Safety/Efficacy Study
To compare CellCept 2 grams daily to placebo for effects on overall IC symptoms and well being in patients with refractory PBS/IC.
To assess the safety profile of CellCept in the treatment of refractory PBS/IC.
To investigate the association between clinical subgroups, characterized by differences in baseline characteristics (such as presence of ulcers, duration of symptoms, significant co-morbid diseases, serological abnormalities), and efficacy of CellCept.
To assess the patterns of patient expectations, associations with symptom severity, and the potential impact of patient expectations on response to treatment.
To assess patterns of treatment goals and goal achievement in this study population, as well as baseline characteristics and factors related to goal selection and achievement.
To assess impact of study medication on pain medication use.
To assess the frequency and mechanism of un-blinding on study results and assess how the patient's perception of which treatment they received changes over time and influences ultimate outcome.
To assess the rate of detectable immune disorders in patients with PBS/IC refractory to standard treatment using CellCept.
Interstitial Cystitis (IC) is a bladder syndrome characterized as painful, debilitating and
chronic, with no universally successful treatment option currently available. Characteristic
symptoms include pain with bladder filling, and marked urinary frequency (to relieve pain).
The only FDA-approved oral medication for treatment of IC is pentosan polysulfate (Elmiron),
recently demonstrated by our collaborative research network to perform with little more
efficacy than placebo (ref), and which is expensive and has associated side effects. Current
clinical treatment protocols are empiric and usually aimed at relieving pain. There is a
pressing need for an effective oral medication for treatment of IC. The presentation of
symptoms can be quite variable among patients, suggesting that IC is a multi-factorial
syndrome with several proposed etiologies, some of which may be interrelated.
Minimum age: 18 Years.
Maximum age: N/A.
- Participant at least 18 years of age and received a diagnosis of PBS/IC, confirmed by
cystoscopy and hydrodistention in the past with findings of glomerulations and/or
- Participant has symptoms of urinary frequency and pain/discomfort (at least 4 on each
0-10 Likert scale) at entry.
- Participant failed at least 24 weeks of active treatment with a minimum of 3 standard
forms of therapy (including hydrodistension) or combination of therapies for PBS/IC.
- Participant will receive cystoscopy to be performed in the office at baseline visit
before randomization if none has been conducted within the previous 24 weeks.
Cystoscopy results must show no unevaluated lesions.
- Female participants with a cervix are required to have Pap smear exam within the past
12 months prior to enrollment with normal results reported.
- Participant (female) with child-bearing potential must agree to use two
reliable/medically approved methods of birth control.
- History of cancer or known pre-malignant conditions, including skin cancer.
- History of bladder calculus, tuberculous cystitis; neurologic disease affecting
- Current immunocompromised condition, including current or chronic treatment with
immunosuppressive agents, or known positive for HIV (positive antibody confirmed by
Western Blot or IFA); active tuberculosis requiring on-going therapy; current systemic
steroid treatment at any dose.
- Liver function test or creatinine results greater than 2x the upper limit of normal at
home institution laboratory.
- Any baseline leukopenia (an absolute neutrophil count <1,500/µL), thrombocytopenia (a
platelet count less than 150,000/microL), or anemia - HGB < 12 or < 11 g/dLin men and
in women respectively.
- Is seropositive for Hepatitis B surface antigen; or is seropositive for Hepatitis B
surface antibody (if not previously vaccinated); is seropositive for Hepatitis C
antibody or HIV antigen or antibody.
- Allergy or hypersensitivity to study medication.
- Unable to void spontaneously.
- Active urethral or ureteral calculi, urethral diverticulum.
- Any severe debilitating or urgent concurrent medical condition.
- Previous cytoxan/cyclophosphamide treatment, pelvic radiation therapy; augmentation
cystoplasty, cystectomy, or cystolysis; neurectomy.
- Participants with history of treatment for genital tract dysplasia or genital warts or
- Patients with active or a history of peptic ulcer disease, inflammatory bowel disease
or gastrointestinal bleeding.
- Patients with hypertension not adequately controlled with medication.
- Patient currently taking H2 blockers or proton pump inhibitors.
- Patients who cannot tolerate or refuse an office cystoscopy.
Exclusion criteria for men only:
- Currently being treated for chronic bacterial prostatitis, as documented by a positive
urine culture or prior history of recurrent bacterial urinary infections.
- Unevaluated suspicious prostate exam.
Exclusion criteria for women only:
- Lactation, pregnancy, or refusal of two types of (medically approved/reliable) birth
control in women of child-bearing potential.
- Pain, frequency, urgency symptoms present only during menses.
Locations and Contacts
Stanford University Medical center, Stanford, California 94305, United States
Univeristy of California San Diego, San Diego, California 92093, United States
Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, Illinois 60153, United States
University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, United States
University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, United States
William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan 48073, United States
Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan 48202, United States
University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14642, United States
Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario K7L2V7, Canada
University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, United States
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, United States
Urological Pelvic Pain Collaborative Research Network Home Page
Interstitial Cystitis Association
Starting date: March 2007
Ending date: April 2008
Last updated: February 6, 2008