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Comparison of the Effect of Intense-Exercise/Moderate-Calorie, Topiramate-Phentermine and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Obesity

Information source: Department of Veterans Affairs
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Obesity; Diabetes Mellitus

Intervention: Behavioral and Drug (Other); Behavioral (Other); Behavioral and Drug (Other); Behavioral (Other)

Phase: N/A

Status: Withdrawn

Sponsored by: Department of Veterans Affairs

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Naser Ahmadi, MD MS PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Captain James A. Lovell Federal Health Care Center, North Chicago, IL

Summary

Obesity is a prevalent disorder and linked with inflammation, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, obstructive sleep apnea, atherosclerosis, and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This randomized clinical trial will compare the effectiveness of Intense Exercise/Moderate Calorie Restriction (IE-MCR), Topiramate-Phentermine (TP) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on obesity and atherosclerosis in individuals with morbidly obesity. This randomized clinical trial will compare: 1) the change in fat mass and atherosclerosis, 2) the change in psychological and quality-of-life as well as economic burden in response to IE-MCR, TP and CBT, and 3) conduct exploratory mechanistic biomolecular, genetic and therapeutic analyses to develop intervention-specific individualized intervention models to improve management of morbidly obese individuals.

Clinical Details

Official title: Effect of Intense-Exercise/Moderate-Calorie vs Topiramate-Phentermine on Obesity

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Compare the rate of change in fat mass in intense exercise/moderate diet restriction, topiramate-phentermine and cognitive behavior therapy

Secondary outcome:

Compare the rate of atherosclerotic burden in intense exercise/moderate diet restriction, topiramate-phentermine and cognitive behavior therapy

Compare the change in neuropsychiatric status in response to intense exercise/moderate diet restriction, topiramate-phentermine and cognitive behavioral therapy

Comparison the rate of and atherosclerotic burden in intense exercise/moderate diet restriction, topiramate-phentermine and cognitive behavior therapy

Compare the change in quality-of-life in response to intense exercise/moderate diet restriction, topiramate-phentermine and cognitive behavioral therapy

Detailed description: Background. Obesity is prevalent disorder; up to 60% of US population that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality through inflammation, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, obstructive sleep apnea, and atherosclerosis. The economic burden of obesity-related illnesses is substantial, with estimates ranging from 2% to 7% of the total US health care expenditures and billions of dollars in direct and indirect costs to society. This randomized clinical trial will compared the effectiveness of Intense Exercise/Moderate Calorie Restriction (IE-MCR), Topiramate-Phentermine (TP) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on obesity and atherosclerosis in morbidly obesity individuals (body mass index(BMI)>40 kg/m2 or BMI>35 kg/m2 with associated comorbidities) with diabetes mellitus (DM). Importance/Significance. There is a cumulative increase in the rate of obesity, up to 60% of the US population. This randomized clinical trial will compare: 1) the change in fat mass and atherosclerosis and, 2) the change in psychological status and quality-of-life as well as economic burden in response to IE-MCR, TP and CBT in morbidly obese individuals with DM. Furthermore, 3) exploratory analyses evaluating the different underling adipocyte molecular mechanisms will be conducted. This will investigate the underlying genomic determinants and characterizes the management of obesity by comparing biologic, clinical phenotype, and cost effectiveness of these two interventions. These aims will provide fundamental information to assess the beneficial effects within and across interventions on obesity and atherosclerosis management which will help provide individualized intervention models to improve management of morbidly obese individuals Method. A significant difference in reduction of fat mass, carotid/coronary atherosclerosis, improve in psychological, quality of life and economic burden measures, as well as exploratory mechanism of action across IE-MCR, TP and CBT methods, are hypothesized. Over a 5 year period, 60 morbidly obese individuals with diabetes mellitus aged 18 or older and free of clinical cardiovascular disease will be recruited from the Obesity Clinic of the Greater Los Angeles VA Health Care System, University of California Los Angeles and Captain Lovell Federal Healthcare Center. Eligible subjects will be randomized to either of intense exercise/moderate calorie restriction, Topiramate-Phentermine or cognitive behavioral therapy (20 in each group) and receive these intervention for 12-months. Intense exercise/moderate calorie restriction group will receive lectures on exercise and general dietary measures including calorie counting. They will prepare their own food, with protein: carbohydrate: fat ratio of 30: 45: 25 and over 70% of their resting daily energy expenditure (RDEE), and completed daily food and exercise journals. They will exercise ~2. 5 hours/day, about 1/4 supervised, for a year. Topiramate-Phentermine group will receive full dose of TP (15/92mg) pills daily for a period of 1-year. Furthermore, CBT group as well as IE-MCR and TP will receive weekly cognitive behavior therapy for a year. All subjects will undergo carotid ultrasound; coronary computed tomography angiography, bioelectric impedance spectroscopy, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, ambulatory calorimetry, serial home resting metabolic rate serial home (RMR),sleep apnea assessment and abdominal fat pad fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB), as well as measurement of oxidative stress/inflammatory/metabolic biomarkers at baseline and at 1-year follow-up. Quality of life, psychological health and economic burden will be assessed using standardized questionnaires. Participants will complete quarterly trial visits for physical exam, compliance to intervention as well as ascertainment of adverse effects.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 20 Years. Maximum age: 70 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Age 20-70 years

- Competent to give informed consent

- Obesity (BMI>40) or BMI>35 kg/m2 with associated co-morbidities

- Diabetes Mellitus Type II

Exclusion Criteria:

- History of coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, coronary angioplasty or

bypass surgery

- Prior non-cardiac illness with an estimated life expectancy <4 years

- Unable to give informed consent

- Women who are pregnant or lactating

- Prior bariatric surgery or receiving anti-obesity drugs

Locations and Contacts

Captain James A. Lovell Federal Health Care Center, North Chicago, IL, North Chicago, Illinois 60064, United States
Additional Information

Related publications:

Ahmadi N, Tsimikas S, Hajsadeghi F, Saeed A, Nabavi V, Bevinal MA, Kadakia J, Flores F, Ebrahimi R, Budoff MJ. Relation of oxidative biomarkers, vascular dysfunction, and progression of coronary artery calcium. Am J Cardiol. 2010 Feb 15;105(4):459-66. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2009.09.052.

Starting date: November 2013
Last updated: January 14, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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