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Niacin on Immune Activation : a Proof-of-concept Study

Information source: McGill University Health Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: HIV

Intervention: Niacin (Drug); Niacin (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: McGill University Health Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Bertrand Lebouch├ę, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: McGill University Health Center

Summary

There are a number of powerful anti-HIV drugs, which keep the virus at undetectable levels and enable HIV-infected individuals to live longer. However, some participants taking anti-HIV drugs do not achieve an adequate CD4 recovery and remain at risk for developing AIDS and non-AIDS-related complications. ER niacin (PrNiaspanFCT«) is an extended-released form of niacin, also known as vitamin B3. Niacin is effective in reducing cholesterol levels in the blood. This drug has been known for a long-time to treat dyslipidemia and it is used to improve favourably all the lipoprotein risk factors for artherosclerotic disease, particularly in HIV-infected patients. Recent scientific research shows that regular consumption of niacin-rich foods may also provide protection against Alzheimer's disease and age-related cognitive decline. The purpose of this study is to find out: 1. If ER niacin combined with anti-HIV drugs, compared with anti-HIV drugs alone, could reduce T cell immune activation and enhance CD4 recovery; 2. If ER niacin can improve your quality of life and your neurocognitive functions

Clinical Details

Official title: Role of Extended-release Niacin on Immune Activation in HIV-infected Patients Treated With Antiretroviral Therapy: a Proof-of-concept Study

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Comparison of the change in CD8CD38 percentage

Comparison of the change in CD8CD38 percentage during the ER niacin + ART period

Secondary outcome:

Change in CD4 cell count and their subsets, including naïve, central memory and effector memory and Th17/Treg cells

Changes in inflammatory markers such as INF-╬▒, IL-1, IL-6, IL-17, usCRP, LPS and D-dimers

Change in plasmatic Trp levels

Changes in total cholesterol, HDL, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides

Detailed description: Primary objective ÔÇó To assess the impact of extended-release niacin (ER niacin) supplementation + antiretroviral therapy (ART) compared to ART alone on T-cell immune activation as defined by CD8CD38 percentage Secondary objectives

- To assess the change in total CD4 T-cell count after ER niacin administration

- To explore the effect of ER niacin on regulatory T-cells (Th-17/Treg) in blood and gut

mucosa samples

- To explore the effect of ER niacin on cytokines and inflammatory markers such as INF-╬▒,

IL-1, IL-6, IL-17, D-dimers, usCRP and LPS

- To assess the influence of ER niacin on tryptophan (Trp) plasmatic levels

- To assess changes in cholesterol and triglycerides

- To explore ER niacin tolerance

- To evaluate the impact of ER niacin on quality of life (QoL), fatigue, depression, and

neurocognitive scores Population: All participants will have an undetectable HIV viral load (< 50 copies/mL) for at least 3 months, current CD4 cell count of < 350 cells/┬ÁL and be receiving ART for at least the previous 12 months. Sample size: N=20

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Participants must meet all of the following criteria within four weeks prior to the Week 0 (Baseline) Visit to be considered eligible for entry into the study: 1. Documented HIV infection by Western Blot, EIA assays or viral load assay 2. Aged 21 or older 3. Viral load < 50 copies/mL for the last 3 months 4. CD4 cell count < 350 cells/┬ÁL 5. On stable ART, i. e., ART unchanged for treatment failure (rebound in viral load) for more than 12 months 6. Able to communicate adequately in either French or English 7. Able and willing to give written informed consent prior to enrolment including access to relevant medical records. Participants are not eligible to participate in the study if any of the following conditions are met: 1. Pregnant, breastfeeding or planning to become pregnant during the course of the study. All fecund female participants must undergo a pregnancy test, with a negative result, prior to being eligible to participate in the study 2. Prior history of hypersensitivity reaction to niacin or any other component of the study drug 3. Prior history of flushing 4. Active liver disease or unexplained persistent elevations of serum transaminases 5. Co-infection with active Hepatitis B or C virus (positive HBs Ag or positive anti HBc antibodies with a detectable HBV DNA viral load or positive anti HCV antibodies with a detectable HCV RNA viral load) 6. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alkaline phosphatase >2. 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) 7. Active duodenal or gastric peptic ulcer 8. Active bleeding disorders 9. History of gout 10. Active AIDS events in the last 3 months as determined by the treating physician 11. Unstable angina or acute phase myocardial infarction, with or without vasodilator agents 12. Diabetic or potentially diabetic with hypercholesterolaemia 13. Renal dysfunction.

Locations and Contacts

Montreal Chest Institute, Montreal, Quebec H2W1T7, Canada
Additional Information

Starting date: November 2011
Last updated: January 13, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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