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Boceprevir in Combination With Peginterferon Alfa-2a and Ribavirin in Participants With Chronic Hepatitis C Genotype 1 Who Failed Prior Treatment With Peginterferon/Ribavirin (Study P05685AM2)(COMPLETED)

Information source: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Hepatitis C, Chronic

Intervention: Boceprevir (Drug); Placebo (Other); Peginterferon alfa-2a (Biological); Ribavirin (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.


Based on previous experience with peginterferon alfa-2b/ribavirin in combination with boceprevir, the combination with peginterferon alfa- 2a/ribavirin and boceprevir is expected to be safe and well tolerated. Given the wide utilization of both peginterferons and the clear benefit of the addition of boceprevir to peginterferon alfa-2b/ribavirin, it is important to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of boceprevir in combination with peginterferon alfa-2a/ribavirin.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase 3 Safety and Efficacy Study of Boceprevir in Combination With Peginterferon Alfa-2a and Ribavirin in Subjects With Chronic Hepatitis C Genotype 1 Who Failed Prior Treatment With Peginterferon/Ribavirin

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Sustained Virologic Response (SVR) Rate in Full Analysis Set (FAS) Population.

Secondary outcome:

SVR Rate in the Modified Intent-to-Treat (mITT) Population

Percentage of Participants With Early Virologic Response (EVR) Who Achieved SVR

Number of Participants With Undetectable HCV-RNA at Follow-up Week 12

Mean Log Change From Baseline to TW 4 in Viral Load by Visit


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Subjects must have a qualifying regimen defined as peginterferon alfa-2a/ribavirin or

peginterferon alfa-2b/ribavirin for a minimum of 12 weeks.

- During the qualifying regimen, subjects must have either:

- A documented undetectable Hepatitis C Virus-Ribonucleic Acid (HCV-RNA) within 30

days of the end-of-treatment and a subsequent detectable HCV-RNA during follow-up OR

- A documented decline in HCV-RNA by >=2 log10 after 12 weeks of treatment.

- Subject must have previously documented chronic hepatitis C genotype 1 infection.

- Subject must have a liver biopsy with histology consistent with chronic hepatitis C

infection and no other etiology.

- Subjects with bridging fibrosis or cirrhosis must have an ultrasound within 6 months

with no findings suspicious for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

- Subject must be >=18 years of age.

- Subject must weigh between 40 kg and 125 kg.

- Subject and subject's partner(s) must each agree to use acceptable methods of


- Subjects must be willing to give written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria: Subject will be excluded from entry if ANY of the criteria listed below are met:

- Subjects known to be coinfected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or

hepatitis B virus (hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] positive) and/or demonstrating signs and symptoms consistent with co-infection.

- Subjects who required discontinuation of previous interferon or ribavirin regimen for

an adverse event considered by the investigator to be possibly or probably related to ribavirin and/or interferon.

- Treatment with ribavirin within 90 days and any interferon alfa within 1 month of


- Treatment for hepatitis C with any investigational medication. Prior treatment with

herbal remedies with known hepatotoxicity is exclusionary.

- Treatment with any investigational drug within 30 days of the randomization visit in

this study.

- Participation in any other clinical trial within 30 days of randomization or

intention to participate in another clinical trial during participation in this study.

- Evidence of decompensated liver disease.

- Diabetic and/or hypertensive subjects with clinically significant ocular examination


- Pre-existing psychiatric condition(s).

- Clinical diagnosis of substance abuse.

- Any known pre-existing medical condition that could interfere with the subject's

participation in and completion of the study.

- Evidence of active or suspected malignancy, or a history of malignancy, within the

last 5 years (except adequately treated carcinoma in situ and basal cell carcinoma of the skin).

- Subjects who are pregnant or nursing. Subjects who intend to become pregnant during

the study period. Male subjects with partners who are or who intend to become pregnant during the study period.

- Any other condition which, in the opinion of a physician, would make the subject

unsuitable for enrollment or could interfere with the subject participating in and completing the study.

- Subjects who are part of the site personnel directly involved with this study.

- Subjects who are family members of the investigational study staff.

- Subjects who had a life-threatening serious adverse event (SAE) during the screening


- Subjects with a history of pancreatitis, except for one episode clearly secondary to

gallstone. Laboratory Exclusion Criteria:

- Hematologic, biochemical, and serologic criteria (growth factors may not be used to

achieve study entry requirements):

- Hemoglobin (Hgb) <12 g/dL for females and <13 g/dL for males

- Neutrophils <1500/mm3 (blacks: <1200/mm3)

- Platelets <100,000/mm3

- Direct bilirubin >1. 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) of the laboratory reference

range. Total bilirubin >1. 6 mg/dL unless the subject has a history of Gilbert's disease. If Gilbert's disease is the proposed etiology, this must be documented in the subject's chart.

- Serum albumin < lower limit of normal (LLN) of laboratory reference range.

- Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) >1. 2 x ULN or <0. 8 x LLN of laboratory reference


- Serum creatinine >ULN of the laboratory reference range.

- Serum glucose:

- For subjects not previously diagnosed with diabetes mellitus:

- >=140 mg/dL (nonfasting) unless hemoglobin A1c subtype (HbA1c) <=7% OR

- >=100 mg/dL (fasting) unless HbA1c <=7%.

- For subjects previously diagnosed with diabetes mellitus: HbA1c >8. 5%.

- Prothrombin time/partial thromboplastin time (PT/PTT) values >10% above laboratory

reference range.

- Anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA) >1: 320.

- Alpha fetoprotein (AFP):

- AFP >100 ng/mL OR

- AFP 50 to 100 ng/mL requires a liver ultrasound and subjects with findings

suspicious for HCC are excluded.

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Additional Information

Starting date: February 2009
Last updated: October 31, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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