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An Open-Label, Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Safety and Tolerability of Dideoxycytidine (ddC) in Patients With AIDS or Advanced ARC Who Previously Demonstrated Intolerance to Zidovudine (AZT) in Protocol N3300 or N3492

Information source: NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: HIV Infections

Intervention: Zalcitabine (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Hoffmann-La Roche

Summary

To demonstrate that zalcitabine (dideoxycytidine; ddC) monotherapy is safe and tolerable in the treatment of patients with AIDS or advanced AIDS related complex (ARC) who previously demonstrated intolerance to zidovudine (AZT) treatment while in Protocol N3300 (NIAID ACTG 114) or N3492 (NIAID ACTG 119). NOTE OF CAUTION FOR CONCOMITANT MEDICATIONS ON STUDY: Patients on amphotericin, pyrimethamine, sulfadiazine, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, ganciclovir, intravenous pentamidine, intravenous acyclovir or oral acyclovir or other bone marrow or renal toxic drugs may not tolerate concomitant ddC. If these drugs are given concomitantly with ddC, patients should have frequent clinical and laboratory assessments, as appropriate. Drugs that are nephrotoxic or have the potential to cause peripheral neuropathy might be expected to cause increased toxicity when co-administered with ddC. Drugs that could cause serious additive toxicity when co-administered with study medication will be allowed for treatment of an acute intercurrent illness or opportunistic infection at the discretion of the investigator. Their use may be allowed with interruption of study drug for up to 35 days per episode, for a total of 90 days for the study. If the patient's condition requires chronic administration of these medications, the patient will be discontinued from study medication and followed.

Clinical Details

Official title: An Open-Label, Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Safety and Tolerability of Dideoxycytidine (ddC) in Patients With AIDS or Advanced ARC Who Previously Demonstrated Intolerance to Zidovudine (AZT) in Protocol N3300 or N3492

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Eligibility

Minimum age: 13 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria Concurrent Medication: Recommended:

- Prophylactic aerosolized pentamidine.

- Allowed for maintenance after recovering from infection for which initially

prescribed:

- Pyrimethamine.

- Sulfadiazine.

- Amphotericin.

- Fluconazole.

- Ketoconazole (= or < 400 mg/day).

- Acyclovir ( = or < 1000 mg/day).

- Ganciclovir.

- Medications for tuberculosis or Mycobacterium avium infection.

- Allowed:

- Erythropoietin.

- Megace.

- Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole < or = 20 mg/kg/day.

- Nystatin.

- Low dose acetaminophen or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents ( = or < 3 g/day).

- Medications on which patient has been stable for 14 days prior to study entry.

- Allowed if no evidence of peripheral neuropathy at study entry:

- Isoniazid (must be receiving pyridoxine = or > 50 mg/day concomitantly).

- Phenytoin, if stable for = or > 3 months.

- Metronidazole with a study medication interruption and pre and post testing for

peripheral neuropathy. Any signs of this and the patient will not be restarted on study medication.

- REFER TO NOTE OF CAUTION IN PROTOCOL SUMMARY.

Patients must have the following:

- Previously enrolled in NIAID ACTG 114 or NIAID ACTG 119.

- Experienced = or > grade 3 zidovudine (AZT) related toxicity while enrolled in the

assigned protocol and followed the procedures for the study drug dose reduction, interruption, rechallenge and permanent discontinuation as per NIAID ACTG 114 or NIAID ACTG 119.

- NOTE:

- After permanent study drug discontinuation from NIAID ACTG 114 the drug code may be

broken ONLY after discussion with Hoffmann-La Roche regarding toxicity management and probable relationship to AZT. Although NIAID ACTG 119 is an open-label study, investigators should also contact Hoffmann-La Roche prior to entering any patient into this protocol.

- Toxicities must be "probably" AZT related (as determined by the investigator and

following discussion by sponsor) for patients to be eligible for inclusion into this protocol.

- Toxicities must be resolved to = or < grade 2 within 45 days of discontinuation from

AZT in NIAID ACTG 114 or NIAID ACTG 119. Exclusion Criteria Co-existing Condition: Patients with the following conditions or symptoms are excluded:

- An active AIDS defining opportunistic infection or other active intercurrent

illnesses if their ongoing treatment requires the use of excluded medications (see

Exclusion - Concurrent Medications).

- Baseline fever > 38. 5 C if caused by an occult opportunistic infection or neoplasm

and requiring continuous treatment with excluded medications. If the evaluation for infection is unrevealing, the patient may be entered after the evaluation is completed but while mycobacterial cultures are still pending. Patients with a history of unexplained fever > 38. 5 C should be evaluated as above and/or be afebrile (T < 38. 0 C) for 2 weeks prior to study entry.

- Severe AIDS dementia complex as defined by a score of < 23 on the Mini-Mental State

Exam at the time of discontinuation from NIAID ACTG 114 or NIAID ACTG 119.

- Any history of peripheral neuropathy or moderate to severe peripheral neuropathy as

defined below:

- A score of = or > 4 in any one category or a score of = or > 2 in two categories of

the peripheral neuropathy segment of the Signs and Symptoms Questionnaire.

- Accompanied by:

- Results on the Standardized Neurological exam indicative of a moderate abnormality,

particularly impaired sensation of sharp pain, light touch or vibration in lower extremities, distal extremity weakness or distal extremity hyporeflexia.

- Significant cardiac disease, defined as history of ventricular arrhythmias requiring

medication, prior myocardial infarct or history of angina or ischemia changes on EKG.

- Significant liver disease, as defined by transaminases > 5 x upper limit of normal or

a history of cirrhosis or ascites.

- Significant renal disease as defined by an estimated creatinine clearance < 50

ml/min. Concurrent Medication: Excluded:

- Other antiretroviral agents.

- Biologic modifiers.

- Corticosteroids.

- Other experimental agents including:

- Foscarnet.

- Ribavirin.

- ddI.

- Drugs that could cause peripheral neuropathy including:

- Hydralazine.

- Nitrofurantoin.

- Vincristine.

- Cisplatin.

- Dapsone.

- Disulfiram.

- Diethyldithiocarbamate.

Patients with the following are excluded:

- An active AIDS defining opportunistic infection or other active intercurrent

illnesses if their ongoing treatment requires the use of excluded medications (see

Exclusion - Concurrent Medications). Such patients will be allowed into the study if

they have completed therapy with an excluded concomitant medication and are stable for 14 days. Had to discontinue study medication in NIAID ACTG 114 or NIAID ACTG 119 because of an opportunistic infection or intercurrent illness which required continuous treatment with medications allowed for concomitant administration in NIAID

ACTG 114 or ACTG 119. Symptoms and conditions defined in patient Exclusion -

Co-Existing Condition. Active substance or alcohol abuse. Unwillingness or deemed unable to sign informed consent. Prior Treatment: Excluded within 30 days of study entry:

- Radiation therapy.

Active substance or alcohol abuse.

Locations and Contacts

Davies Med Ctr, San Francisco, California 94114, United States

Mount Zion Med Ctr, San Francisco, California 94115, United States

Ctr for Special Immunology, Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33308, United States

Dr Robert Swartz, Fort Myers, Florida 33901, United States

Med Service, Miami, Florida 33125, United States

AIDS Research Consortium of Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia 30308, United States

Henry Ford Hosp, Detroit, Michigan 48202, United States

Graduate Hosp, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19146, United States

Humana Hosp / Med City Dallas, Dallas, Texas 75230, United States

Additional Information


Last updated: June 23, 2005

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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