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CAPSAICIN Trial: Assessing Capsaicin as a Chemopreventive Agent for Prostate Cancer

Information source: Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Prostate Cancer

Intervention: Capsaicin Supplement (Cayenne by Nature's Way) (Dietary Supplement)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Not yet recruiting

Sponsored by: Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Laurence Klotz, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Sunnybrook Hospital

Overall contact:
Marlene Kebabdjian, Phone: 416-480-6100, Email: Marlene.Kebabdjian@sunnybrook.ca

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine the chemopreventive properties of capsaicin, the active compound in chili peppers, in prostate cancer patients enrolled in the active surveillance program or patients scheduled to undergo radical prostatectomy.

Clinical Details

Official title: CAPSAICIN Trial: A Prospective Study of Capsaicin in Subjects With Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer Undergoing Active Surveillance or Radical Prostatectomy

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome: Biomarker Changes

Secondary outcome:

PSA Kinetics

Tumor grade

Biomarkers

Detailed description: Rationale A large body of evidence supports the role of dietary factors in prostate cancer development and progression. Most of this evidence suggests that diet high in fat including red meat and low in micronutrients and other anti-oxidants, increases the risk of disease. We are interested in the therapeutic potential of the dietary agent, capsaicin (CAP). Capsaicin is the active compound in chili peppers, and related plants. Pre-clinical studies have found that capsaicin has potent growth inhibitory and pro-apoptotic effects. It is thought that consumption of a capsaicin supplement may have a clinical benefit for subjects with localized prostate cancer who have chosen to be managed by active surveillance or improve surgical outcome of patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. Objective(s) Primary • To assess the effect of capsaicin daily therapy on the expression of ki67 and p27 biomarkers in a post-treatment biopsy or prostate specimen from RP. Secondary

- To assess the effect of therapy with repeat oral dosing of capsaicin two times daily on

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) kinetics in men on active surveillance for localized prostate cancer

- To assess the effect of therapy with repeat oral dosing of capsaicin two times daily on

grade and the presence of prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) in a post-treatment biopsy

- To assess the effect of therapy with repeat oral dosing of capsaicin two times daily on

the expression of markers of apoptosis, cell cycle, TRP-V1 and TRP-V6

- To assess the safety and tolerability of capsaicin therapy in men on active

surveillance (AS) for prostate cancer

- To assess alterations in prostate volume and time to recurrence

Endpoint(s) Primary • Determine effect of capsaicin therapy on expression of ki67 and p27 biomarkers in a post-treatment biopsy Secondary

- Determine effect of capsaicin daily therapy on PSA kinetics in men on active

surveillance for localized prostate cancer

- To evaluate the effect of capsaicin daily therapy on grade and the presence of

prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) in post treatment biopsy

- To assess the effect of capsaicin therapy on the expression of markers of apoptosis,

cell cycle, TRP-V1 and TRP-V6 Safety and Tolerability

- Adverse events (AEs)

- Clinical laboratory evaluations (PSA, electrolytes, biochemistry, hematology,

cholesterol) Pharmacodynamic

- Levels of serum capsaicin (CAP)

- Levels of serum testosterone (T)

Study Design This is a phase II, open label, single centre study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of repeat oral dosing of one CAP capsules twice times daily for 6 months prior to a prostate biopsy in men on active surveillance for localized prostate cancer, as well as 6 weeks prior to radical prostatectomy (RP). Study Population One hundred men men monitored (sixty from active surveillance (AS) and forty patients scheduled to undergo radical prostatectomy) will be eligible for participation. Subjects must satisfy all inclusion and exclusion criteria. A sufficient number will be enrolled to achieve at least 100 completed subjects

Eligibility

Minimum age: 19 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Male.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Subject is >19 years of age 2. Subject has a histologically documented diagnosis of prostate adenocarcinoma 3. Being monitored by active surveillance (see Table 1) for favourable risk prostate cancer as defined by the following: 1. Clinical stage T1b, T1c, T2a or T2b at the time of diagnosis 2. Clinical (diagnostic biopsy) Gleason score < 6 3. PSA < 10. 0 ng/ml (ug/L) 4. Tumour material from most recent prostate biopsy available with sample (up to 10 unstained slides) collected for determination of ki67 and p27 biomarker expression. 5. Scheduled to have an active surveillance mandated transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)

guided biopsy within 6 - 12 months of Day 1 of the study

Exclusion Criteria: 1. Previous malignancy (not including curatively treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin) within the previous 5 years. (Ta bladder cancer with negative surveillance cystoscopy within the past 2 years may be included.) 2. No previous or current treatment (medical therapy or radical intervention) for prostate cancer excluding biopsy 3. Inability to undergo TRUS biopsy 4. Concurrent administration of the following medications is not permitted during the protocol:

- 5 α-reductase inhibitors

- Cytotoxic chemotherapy

- Immunotherapy

- Hormonal therapy (megestrol, medroxyprogesterone, cyproterone,

diethylstilbestrol, hyrodcortisone, etc.)

- Non-steroidal anti-androgens (bicalutamide, nilutamide, flutamide, etc.)

- Luteinizing hormone releasing Hormone (LHRH) analogues (leuprolide, goserelin,

etc.)

- Ketoconazole

- PC-SPES and any other preparations thought to have endocrine effects

- Medications which inhibit cholesterogenesis ('statin' medications, etc.)

5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status > 2 6. Known or history of liver disease (total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 2. 5 upper limit of normal at screening visit) 7. Subject has a minimum life expectancy of < 5 years 8. Subject is unable to give written and informed consent

Locations and Contacts

Marlene Kebabdjian, Phone: 416-480-6100, Email: Marlene.Kebabdjian@sunnybrook.ca

Sunnybrook Hospital, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5, Canada; Not yet recruiting
Marlene Kebabdjian, Email: marlene.kebabdjian@sunnybrook.ca
Laurence Klotz, MD, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: January 2014
Last updated: January 14, 2014

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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