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Immunogenicity and Safety of Trivalent Influenza Vaccine in Pregnant and Nonpregnant HIV Uninfected Women

Information source: University of Witwatersrand, South Africa
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Influenza

Intervention: Trivalent Influenza Vaccine (Biological)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University of Witwatersrand, South Africa

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Shabir A Madhi, PHD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of the Witwatersrand


The overall aim of this project is to evaluate the immunogenicity of TIV vaccination in HIV-uninfected pregnant women compared with HIV-uninfected non-pregnant women in 2013. Safety data will also be collected. THe Pregnancy outcomes and the transplacental transfer of antibodies will also be assessed.

Clinical Details

Official title: Immunogenicity and Safety of Trivalent Influenza Vaccine in Pregnant and Non-pregnant HIV-Uninfected Women: An Open Label Trial

Study design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome:

Compare the immunogenicity of Trivalent Influenza Vaccine (TIV) in pregnant compared to non-pregnant Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-uninfected women.

Evaluate the immunogenicity of Trivalent Influenza Vaccine (TIV) in pregnant Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-uninfected women at time of delivery

Secondary outcome:

Determine the impact of vaccination on T-cell activation and regulatory B and T cells subpopulations in pregnant and non-pregnant women.

2.2.2. Determine the impact of vaccination on cell-mediated immune responses to each influenza strain in HIV-uninfected pregnant and non-pregnant women

Determine the dynamics of transplacental transfer of maternal Hemagglutinin (HA) antibodies to their newborns.

Determine antibodies against TIV present in breast milk

Compare local and systemic solicited reactions to TIV in pregnant and non-pregnant HIV-uninfected women.

Describe safety outcome measures (maternal and foetal) of TIV-vaccination of HIV-uninfected pregnant women.

Describe obstetric outcomes in HIV-uninfected pregnant women who received TIV


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 39 Years. Gender(s): Female.


Inclusion Criteria: Inclusion Criteria: All women (i) Documented to be HIV-1 uninfected on one assay used in the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT)/ other program undertaken within 12 weeks of study enrolment. (ii) Able to understand and comply with planned study procedures. (iii) Provides written informed consent prior to initiation of study. (iv) Women age ≥ 18 years to < 39 years. Inclusion Criteria: pregnant women (i) Gestational age ≥20 weeks to <36 weeks documented by the approximate date of the last menstrual period and corroborated by physical exam and sonar report if available. Exclusion Criteria: Exclusion Criteria: All women (i) Receipt of TIV, other than through the study, during the current influenza season documented by medical history or record. (ii) Receipt of any live licensed vaccine ≤ 28 days or any other vaccine (except for tetanus toxoid vaccine) ≤ 14 days prior to study-vaccine. (iii) Receipt of a non-licensed agent (vaccine, drug, biologic, device, blood product, or medication) ≤ 28 days prior to vaccination in this study, or expects to receive another non-licensed agent before delivery unless study approval is obtained. (iv) Any significant (in the opinion of the site investigator) acute illness and/or oral temperature greater than or equal to 38 degrees C ≤ 24 hours prior to study entry. (v) Use of anti-cancer systemic chemotherapy or radiation therapy ≤ 48 weeks of study enrollment, or has immunosuppression as a result of an underlying illness or treatment. (vi) Long term use of glucocorticoids, including oral or parenteral prednisone ≥ 20 mg/day or equivalent for more than 2 consecutive weeks (or 2 weeks total) ≤ 12 weeks of study entry, or high-dose inhaled steroids (>800 mcg/day of beclomethasone dipropionate or equivalent) ≤ 12 weeks before study entry (nasal and topical steroids are allowed). (vii) Receipt of immunoglobulin or other blood products (with exception of Rho D immune globulin) ≤ 12 weeks prior to enrollment in this study or is scheduled to receive immunoglobulin or other blood products (with the exception of Rho D immune globulin) during pregnancy or for the first 24 weeks after delivery. (viii) Receipt of immune mediators ≤ 12 weeks before enrollment. (ix) Uncontrolled major psychiatric disorder. (x) History of a severe adverse reaction to previous TIV. (xi) Any condition that would, in the opinion of the site investigator, place the subject at an unacceptable risk of injury or render the subject unable to meet the requirements of the protocol. Exclusion Criteria: pregnant women (i) Receipt of corticosteroids for preterm labor ≤ 14 days before study entry. (ii) Pregnancy complications (in the current pregnancy) such as pre-term labor, hypertension (Blood Pressure (BP) >140/90 in the presence of proteinuria or BP >150/100, with or without proteinuria or currently on antihypertensive medication) or pre-eclampsia.


Locations and Contacts

Nrf/Dst Vpd Rmpru, Soweto, GP 2055, South Africa
Additional Information

Starting date: September 2013
Last updated: January 9, 2015

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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