Pilot Study With Isentress (Raltegravir) and Epzicom (Abacavir/Lamivudine) in Treatment Naive HIV-Infected Subjects
Information source: Denver Infectious Disease Consultants, PLLC
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
Condition(s) targeted: HIV Infections
Intervention: Raltegravir and Abacavir/Lamivudine (Drug)
Phase: Phase 4
Status: Active, not recruiting
Sponsored by: Denver Infectious Disease Consultants, PLLC
Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Benjamin Young, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Denver Infectious Disease Consultants, PLLC
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Raltegravir and Epzicom over 48 weeks in ART-naive
Official title: A Pilot Study of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy Using Isentress (Raltegravir) and Epzicom (Abacavir/Lamivudine) in Antiretroviral Naive HIV-Infected Subjects
Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Primary outcome: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of RTG and ABC/3TC over 48 weeks in ART-naive HIV-infected subjects.
Secondary outcome: To assess the immunologic response, changes in fasting lipids, renal function, and development of resistance of the study regimen
- This is a single-arm, multicenter, open-label, pilot study to evaluate the efficacy,
safety, and tolerability of RTG BID and ABC/3TC QD. A total of 30 subjects will be
enrolled at 3 U. S. sites.
- The study includes a 30-day screening period, a treatment period (baseline through week
48), and a follow-up visit, 2 to 4 weeks after the last study visit, as needed to
resolve any ongoing AEs or to confirm virologic status.
Virologic failure (VF) is defined as having either virologic non-response or virologic
rebound. Virologic failure is confirmed by having 2 consecutive plasma HIV-1 RNA levels
taken at least 2 weeks apart according to the following definitions:
- virologic rebound is defined as HIV-1 RNA level ≥400 copies/mL after initial response
of HIV-1 RNA <400 copies/mL or >1 log10 copies/mL increase above nadir;
- virologic non-response is defined as HIV-1 RNA >400 copies/mL at week 24.
- Subjects will be discontinued from the study if virologic failure is confirmed. When a
subject is suspected to have virologic failure, a confirmatory HIV-1 RNA must be
performed at an unscheduled visit between 2 weeks and 4 weeks after the initial
assessment, and a plasma sample collected for resistance testing.
- Subjects who experience symptoms consistent with a clinically suspected ABC HSR must
permanently discontinue ABC/3TC, and will be allowed to substitute study-provided
fixed-dose combination ZDV/3TC 150/300 mg (COMBIVIR®) BID for ABC/3TC and remain in the
Minimum age: 18 Years.
Maximum age: N/A.
- Antiretroviral naïve defined as ≤7 days of ART prior to study entry
- Negative for HLA-B*5701 allele
- Screening HIV-1 RNA >1,000 copies/mL
- Screening laboratory values:
- Hemoglobin > 8. 0 g/dL
- Platelet count >50,000/mm3
- AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT), and alkaline phosphatase <5 x ULN
- Total bilirubin <2. 5 x ULN
- Absolute neutrophil count >500/mm3
- Calculated creatinine clearance (CrCL) ≥50 mL/min by Cockcroft-Gault:
- For men, (140 - age in years) x (body weight in kg) ÷ (serum creatinine in
mg/dL x 72) = CrCl (mL/min)*
- For women, multiply the result by 0. 85 = CrCl (mL/min)
- A female subject is eligible to participate in the study if she is of:
- Non-childbearing potential (i. e., physiologically incapable of becoming pregnant,
including any female who is pre-menarchial or post-menopausal); or,
- Childbearing potential with a negative pregnancy test at screen and agrees to use one
of the following methods of contraception (any contraception method must be used
consistently and correctly, i. e., in accordance with both the product label and the
instructions of a physician):
- Agreement for complete abstinence from intercourse from 2 weeks prior to
administration of investigational products, throughout the study, and for 2 weeks
after discontinuation of all study medications.
- Double barrier contraception (male condom/spermicide, male condom/diaphragm,
- Any intrauterine device (IUD) with published data showing that the expected failure
rate is less than 1% per year (not all IUDs meet this criterion);
- Any other method with published data showing that the lowest expected failure rate
for the method is less than 1% per year.
- Men and women age (≥18 years).
- Ability and willingness of subject to give written informed consent.
- Screening HIV-1 genotype indicating the presence of any of the following mutations:
K65R, L74V, and Y115F or a combination of two or more thymidine analog mutations
(M41L, D67N, K70R, K219Q or E) that include changes at either L210 or T215,
associated with ABC and 3TC resistance, and mutations Q148H/R/K and N155H associated
with RTG resistance.
- Currently pregnant or breast-feeding.
- Hepatitis B infection with chronic viral replication (HBsAg+).
- Presence of a serious medical condition, including but not limited to congestive
heart failure, cardiomyopathy or other cardiac dysfunction, which in the opinion of
the investigator would compromise the safety of the subject.
- Use of immunomodulators (e. g., interleukins, interferons, cyclosporine), HIV vaccine,
systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy, or investigational therapy within 30 days prior to
study entry. NOTE: Use of corticosteroids for acute therapy for PCP is permitted.
Prednisone at a daily dose of 10 mg or less (physiologic replacement dose) or short
course corticosteroid therapy (≤ 10 days) is permitted.
- Known allergy/sensitivity to study drugs or their formulations.
- Active drug or alcohol use or dependence that, in the opinion of the site
investigator, would interfere with adherence to study requirements.
- Illnesses that are determined serious by the site investigator, (i. e. requiring
systemic treatment and/or hospitalization) until subject either completes therapy or
is clinically stable on therapy, for at least 7 days prior to study entry.
- Requirement for medications that are not allowed to be taken with study treatment.
- Current imprisonment or involuntary incarceration in a medical facility for
psychiatric or physical (e. g. infectious disease) illness.
Locations and Contacts
Spectrum Medical Group, Phoenix, Arizona 85012, United States
Denver Infectious Disease Consultants, PLLC, Denver, Colorado 80220, United States
Southwest CARE Center, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505-4765, United States
Starting date: May 2008
Last updated: January 27, 2009