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Study of Whether 15 mg Dose of Ketorolac IV is as Effective as a 30 mg Dose.

Information source: University of Calgary
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Pain; Pain, Postoperative

Intervention: Ketorolac Tromethamine (Drug); Ketorolac Tromethamine (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: University of Calgary

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Kaylene Duttchen, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Calgary - Department of Anesthesia
Melinda Davis, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Calgary - Department of Anesthesia

Overall contact:
Cecilia Deguzman, MD, Phone: 403-944-1991, Email: Cecilia.DeGuzman@albertahealthservices.ca


The primary aim of this study is to show the non-inferiority of 15 mg intraoperative dose of ketorolac as compared to the standard 30 mg ketorolac by looking at the VAS scores 4 hours after an adult spine surgery.

Clinical Details

Official title: Intraoperative Ketorolac Dose of 15 mg Versus the Standard 30 mg on Early Postoperative Pain After Spine Surgery: A Randomised, Blinded, Non-Inferiority Trial

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Visual Analog Score

Secondary outcome:

Morphine Usage After Surgery

Morphine Adverse Effects

Postoperative Bleeding

Detailed description: Opioids have traditionally been the cornerstone of acute postoperative pain management. Problematic side effects such as nausea, vomiting, ileus, urinary retention, excess sedation, and respiratory depression are significant disadvantages with the use of opioids. Alternative treatments have been sought. The concept of adding a nonsedating non opioid analgesic agent is appealing and has been validated by previous studies. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are nonsedating and combine analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties ideal for pain after surgery. Ketorolac is a potent intravenous nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), and a non selective cyclooxygenase inhibitor which mediates pain, inflammation and fever. It has been evaluated and used for treatment of moderate to severe pain including postoperative pain. Although intravenous route is not approved by Health Canada, its use is supported in medical literature and clinical practice. Previous studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of standard 30 mg intravenous ketorolac as an adjunct to opioids for postoperative pain relief. Standard parenteral dose recommended by manufacturer for healthy non elderly population is 30 mg based on a number clinical trials. Alberta Health Services (AHS) Pharmacy formulary has approved the intravenous use of ketorolac in the dosage range of 10-30 mg depending the patient's weight and medical comorbidities. NSAIDs, including ketorolac, have an analgesic ceiling effect in which higher doses do not provide any additional pain relief but may increase the likelihood of side effects. Single dose IM ketorolac have been studied in the past showing no difference in analgesia with the 30 and 90 mg dose. Because of risk of drug toxicity and unwanted side effects, patients should be given the lowest effective ketorolac dose. Low dose ketorolac was studied in the adolescents undergoing spine surgery and showed that dose of 0. 2mg/kg (11mg) provides supplemental analgesia postoperatively. However, there were no previous studies found on review of the literature using medline search that look at parallel comparison between intraoperative doses of ketorolac in terms of efficacy and safety profile.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients booked for 1-2 level spine laminectomies and/or decompression

- Adult 18 - 65 years

- Weight of 50 - 110 kg

Exclusion Criteria:

- Previous lumbar laminectomy

- Current anticoagulant use with INR > 1. 2

- Narcotic use > 4 weeks

- Known allergy or sensitivity to NSAID or morphine

- Renal insufficiency with creatinine >100 umol/L

- Known liver disease

- History of gastrointestinal bleeding

- Pregnancy, history of bronchial asthma

- NSAID use 2 days before surgery.

Locations and Contacts

Cecilia Deguzman, MD, Phone: 403-944-1991, Email: Cecilia.DeGuzman@albertahealthservices.ca

Foothills Medical Centre, Calgary, Alberta T2N 2T9, Canada; Recruiting
Additional Information

Starting date: September 2010
Last updated: October 27, 2010

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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