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Open-Label Pharmacokinetic of Oseltamivir in Healthy Obese Thai Adult Subjects

Information source: South East Asia Infectious Disease Clinical Research Network
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Healthy

Intervention: oseltamivir (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: South East Asia Infectious Disease Clinical Research Network

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Podjanee Jittmala, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University
Sasithon Pukrittayakamee, Professor, Study Chair, Affiliation: Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University Bangkok, Thailand
Pratap Singhasivanon, A/Professor, Study Chair, Affiliation: Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University Bangkok, Thailand
Nick White, Professor, Study Chair, Affiliation: Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University Bangkok, Thailand
Nick Day, Professor, Study Chair, Affiliation: Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University Bangkok, Thailand
Niklas Lindegardh, A/Professor, Study Chair, Affiliation: Clinical Pharmacology Laboratory Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University Bangkok, Thailand
Bob Taylor, MD, Study Chair, Affiliation: Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University Bangkok, Thailand

Summary

This study is planned to characterize the pharmacokinetic properties of oseltamivir and the active product--oseltamivir carboxylate--in obesity in order to provide clinical guidance for the optimum oseltamivir treatment regimens for severe influenza. It is also a prompt response to a new era influenza plan along with recognition of growing numbers of obese persons. The study findings will be available for a future management plan in dealing with this virus that is transmitted easily from person to person and has shown substantial antigenic changes over time. The primary focus of statistical analysis is to verify the effect of obesity on oseltamivir/oseltamivir carboxylate pharmacokinetics as measured by oseltamivir carboxylate Cmax, AUC (0-12), AUC (0-24), C12, λz, and t1/2 and oseltamivir Cmax, AUC (0-12), and C12.

Clinical Details

Official title: Phase I, Open-Label Study to Evaluate Potential Pharmacokinetic of Orally Administered Oseltamivir in Healthy Obese Thai Adult Subjects

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label

Primary outcome: Oseltamivir carboxylate maximum concentration (OC Cmax) and area under the concentration curve 0-12h (OC AUC(0-12))

Secondary outcome: Oseltamivir maximum concentration at 12 hours (OS C12) Oseltamivir carboxylate area under the concentration curve 0-24 hours AUC(0-24)), concentration at 24 hours (C24), elimination rate constant (OC-λz), and elimination half life (t1/2)

Detailed description: This is an open-label, cross-over, randomized pharmacokinetic study conducted in approximately 12 obese and 12 non obese adult subjects at one study center in Thailand. Subjects will receive 2 regimens in a random sequence for 2 visits. 1. Regimen A; 75 mg single dose. 2. Regimen B; 150 mg single dose. All dosing will be supervised and documented. Subjects will have 2 hospitalizations to complete visit 2 and visit 3 in their assigned sequence within each. Each visit will require hospitalization for about 40 hours (2 nights and 2 days). The subject will be randomized to receive either regimen A or B on first admission (visit 2). Treatment allocation will be performed using computer-generated list of random permutations of AB sequence. Subjects who received regimen A will receive regimen B on second admission and vice versa, with more than 3 days wash out period in between. Subjects will return to the study centre for a follow-up visit 7-10 days after completing the last dosing assessments or withdrawing from the study. The total duration of study participation will be approximately 4 weeks from screening through follow-up. Assessment of the safety profile will be done after each admission by the investigating team before proceeding to the other regimen.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 60 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Healthy as judged by a responsible physician with no abnormality identified on a

medical evaluation including medical history and physical examination.

- Males and Females aged between 18 years to 60 years.

- BMI >30 kg/ m2 (BMI = body weight [BW] (kg)/height (m2)) for obese group, BMI 18-24. 9

kg/ m2 (BMI = BW (kg)/height (m2)) for control group.

- A female is eligible to enter and participate in this study if she is:

- of non-childbearing potential including pre-menopausal females with documented

(medical report verification) hysterectomy or double oophorectomy

- or postmenopausal defined as 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea or 6 months of

spontaneous amenorrhea with serum follicle stimulating hormone levels >40 mIU/mL or 6 weeks postsurgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy

- or of childbearing potential, has a negative serum pregnancy test at screening

and prior to start the study drug in each period, and abstain from sexual intercourse or agrees to using effective contraceptive methods during the study until completion of the follow-up procedures

- A male is eligible to enter and participate in this study if he: agrees to abstain

from (or use a condom during) sexual intercourse with females of childbearing potential or lactating females; or is willing to use a condom/spermicide, during the study until completion of the follow-up procedures.

- Read, comprehend, and write at a sufficient level to complete study-related

materials.

- Provide a signed and dated written informed consent prior to study participation.

- Normal electrocardiogram (ECG) with QTc <450 msec.

- Willingness and ability to comply with the study protocol for the duration of the

trial. Exclusion Criteria:

- Females who are pregnant, trying to get pregnant, or are lactating.

- The subject has evidence of active substance abuse that may compromise safety,

pharmacokinetics, or ability to adhere with protocol instructions.

- A positive pre-study hepatitis B surface antigen, positive hepatitis C antibody, or

positive human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) antibody result at screening.

- Subjects with a personal history of cardiac disease, symptomatic or asymptomatic

arrhythmias, syncopal episodes, or additional risk factors for torsades de points (heart failure, hypokalemia).

- Subjects with a family history of sudden cardiac death.

- A creatinine clearance <70 mL/min as determined by Cockcroft-Gault equation:

CLcr (mL/min) = (140 - age) * Wt / (72 * Scr) (multiply answer by 0. 85 for females). Where

age is in years, weight (wt) is in kg, and serum creatinine (Scr) is in units of mg/dL [Cockcroft, 1976].

- History of alcohol or substance abuse or dependence within 6 months of the study:

History of regular alcohol consumption averaging >7 drinks/wk for women or >14 drinks/wk for men. One drink is equivalent to 12 g alcohol = 5 oz (150 mL) of wine or 12 oz (360 mL) of beer or 1. 5 oz (45 mL) of 80 proof distilled spirits within 6 months of screening.

- Use of prescription or non-prescription drugs except paracetamol at doses of up to 2

grams/day, including vitamins, herbal and dietary supplements within 7 days (or 14 days if the drug is a potential enzyme inducer) or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to the first dose of study medication until the completion of the follow-up procedure.

- Use of live attenuated influenza vaccine, inactivated influenza vaccine, or any other

antiinfluenza antiviral medications within 14 days prior to the first dose of investigational product.

- The subject has participated in a clinical trial and has received a drug or a new

chemical entity within 30 days or 5 half lives, or twice the duration of the biological effect of any drug (whichever is longer) prior to the first dose of study medication.

- The subject is unwilling to abstain from ingesting alcohol within 48 hours prior to

the first dose of study medication until collection of the final pharmacokinetic sample during each regimen.

- Subjects who have donated blood to the extent that participation in the study would

result in more than 300 mL blood donated within a 30-day period.

- Subjects who have a history of allergy to the study drug or drugs of this class, or a

history of drug or other allergy that, in the opinion of the investigator, contraindicates participation in the trial. In addition, if heparin is used during pharmacokinetic sampling, subjects with a history of sensitivity to heparin or heparin-induced thrombocytopenia should not be enrolled.

- Subjects with unstable medical conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator

would compromise their participation in the trial

- Those who, in the opinion of the investigator, have a risk of non-compliance with

study procedures.

- Lack of suitability for participation in this study, for any reason, in the opinion

of the investigator.

- AST or ALT >1. 5 upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Subjects with history of renal disease, hepatic disease, and/or cholecystectomy

Locations and Contacts

Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University Bangkok, Bangkok,, Thailand
Additional Information

Related publications:

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Starting date: January 2010
Last updated: October 7, 2010

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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