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Topical Interferon Gamma for Macular Edema Secondary to Uveitis

Information source: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Anterior Uveitis; Uveitis

Intervention: Interferon Gamma-1b (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: National Eye Institute (NEI)

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Hatice Nida Sen, MD, MHSc, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: National Eye Institute (NEI)

Summary

The objective of this study is to investigate the safety and efficacy of ocular instillations of interferon gamma-1b as a potential treatment for cystoid macular edema (CME) secondary to uveitis.

Clinical Details

Official title: The Treatment of Macular Edema Secondary to Uveitis Using Topical Interferon Gamma

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Change in Excess Central Macular Thickening in the Study Eye, as Measured by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), at Week One Compared to Baseline

Secondary outcome:

Change in Excess Central Macular Thickening in the Fellow Eye, as Measured by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), at Week One Compared to Baseline

Change in Excess Central Macular Thickening in the Study Eye, as Measured by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), at Week Two Compared to Baseline

Change in Excess Central Macular Thickening in the Fellow Eye, as Measured by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), at Week Two Compared to Baseline

Change in Macular Volume in the Study Eye, as Measured by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), at Week One Compared to Baseline

Change in Macular Volume in the Fellow Eye, as Measured by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), at Week One Compared to Baseline

Change in Macular Volume in the Study Eye, as Measured by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), at Week Two Compared to Baseline

Change in Macular Volume in the Fellow Eye, as Measured by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), at Week Two Compared to Baseline

Change in ETDRS Best-corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) in the Study Eye at Week One Compared to Baseline

Change in ETDRS Best-corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) in the Fellow Eye at Week One Compared to Baseline

Change in ETDRS Best-corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) in the Study Eye at Week Two Compared to Baseline

Change in ETDRS Best-corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) in the Fellow Eye at Week Two Compared to Baseline

Change in Intraocular Pressure (IOP) in the Study Eye at Week One Compared to Baseline

Change in Intraocular Pressure (IOP) in the Fellow Eye at Week One Compared to Baseline

Change in Intraocular Pressure (IOP) in the Study Eye at Week Two Compared to Baseline

Change in Intraocular Pressure (IOP) in the Fellow Eye at Week Two Compared to Baseline

Proportion of Participants With a Visual Loss of 15 or More Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) Letters in the Study Eye

Detailed description: Objective: Information gathered from NEI laboratories suggests that cystoid macular edema (CME) is caused by the disequilibrium of the JakStat and mTor signal transduction pathways in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). We wish to investigate whether stimulating the JakStat pathway with topically applied interferon gamma-1b can be a therapeutic intervention for the treatment of CME secondary to uveitis. The objective of this study is to investigate the safety and efficacy of ocular instillations of interferon gamma-1b as a potential treatment for CME secondary to uveitis. Study Population: Five participants with CME as evidenced by OCT (> 275 microns central macular thickness and/or loss of foveal contour) secondary to uveitis will receive topical ocular instillations of interferon gamma-1b. Up to seven participants may be enrolled in order to obtain the five participants to be included in the analysis if participants withdraw prior to receiving interferon gamma-1b. Design: This Phase I/II, non-randomized, prospective, uncontrolled, single-center study will involve instilling four drops of interferon gamma-1b (approximately 30 μg) topically on the cornea of the study eye four times a day for one week and measuring the potential response with optical coherence tomography (OCT). Outcome Measures: The primary outcome is the change in excess central macular thickening as measured by OCT in response to interferon gamma-1b. Treatment success is defined as a 25% decrease in excess central macular thickening at Week 1 as compared with baseline. Secondary efficacy outcomes include changes in macular volume as measured by OCT, visual acuity, intraocular pressure and intraocular inflammation as graded upon slit lamp examination. Secondary safety outcomes include ocular surface irritation assessed by fluorescein staining of the cornea and conjunctiva to assess toxicity, the number and severity of systemic and ocular toxicities, the number of adverse events and the proportion of participants with a visual loss of ≥ 15 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) letters.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria 1. Participant must be 18 years of age or older. 2. Participant must understand and sign the protocol's informed consent document. 3. Participant has a diagnosis of CME (central thickness of >275 microns on OCT and/or disruption of foveal contour) secondary to uveitis in at least one eye (the study eye). 4. Participant is willing to comply with the study procedures and is expected to be able to return for all study visits. 5. Participant has visual acuity of 20/400 or better in the study eye. 6. Female participants of childbearing potential must not be pregnant or breast-feeding. 7. Both female participants of childbearing potential and male participants able to father a child must agree to practice two acceptable forms of contraception during the study and for six weeks following the last administration of investigational product. Acceptable methods of contraception include hormonal contraception (i. e., birth control pills, injected hormones dermal patch or vaginal ring), intrauterine device, barrier methods with spermicide (diaphragm with spermicide, condom with spermicide) or surgical sterilization (hysterectomy, tubal ligation or vasectomy). Exclusion Criteria 1. Participant is unable to tolerate the ocular instillations or follow study procedures. 2. Participant has a significant active infection (an infection requiring treatment as determined by the medical team) that in the principal investigator's best medical judgment would preclude participation. 3. Participant has multiple sclerosis (MS), as interferon gamma may cause MS exacerbations.

Locations and Contacts

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, United States
Additional Information

Related publications:

Battle TE, Lynch RA, Frank DA. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 activation in endothelial cells is a negative regulator of angiogenesis. Cancer Res. 2006 Apr 1;66(7):3649-57.

Khorana HG. Rhodopsin, photoreceptor of the rod cell. An emerging pattern for structure and function. J Biol Chem. 1992 Jan 5;267(1):1-4. Review.

Shi G, Maminishkis A, Banzon T, Jalickee S, Li R, Hammer J, Miller SS. Control of chemokine gradients by the retinal pigment epithelium. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Oct;49(10):4620-30. doi: 10.1167/iovs.08-1816. Epub 2008 Apr 30.

Starting date: June 2011
Last updated: September 6, 2012

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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