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Beta-blockade Effects on Memory for Cocaine Craving

Information source: National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on October 19, 2009
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Cocaine Dependence

Intervention: Propranolol (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Michael Saladin, Ph.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Medical University of South Carolina

Overall contact:
Tara Abbott, MA, Phone: 843-792-2286, Email: abbottt@musc.edu

Summary

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of propranolol versus placebo on responses to cocaine cues in cocaine dependent individuals.

Clinical Details

Official title: Treatment Implications of Beta-blockade Effects on Memory for Cocaine Craving

Study design: Treatment, Randomized, Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Placebo Control, Parallel Assignment, Efficacy Study

Primary outcome: drug craving and physiological arousal (heart rate, skin conductance, blood pressure) during cue exposure session

Secondary outcome: drug craving and physiologic arousal (heart rate, skin conductance, blood pressure) during cue exposure session

Detailed description: This study will employ cocaine-dependent individuals to investigate the acute effects of propranolol vs. placebo, administered immediately after a retrieval session of cocaine cue exposure, on the subjective and physiological responses occurring during a subsequent test session of cocaine cue exposure. Participants (N=52) will be randomly assigned to receive 40 mg propranolol or placebo immediately after the first of two cocaine cue exposure sessions scheduled to occur on consecutive days of an inpatient stay at MUSC's General Clinical Research Center (GCRC). The first session will serve as a retrieval session where cocaine cue exposure will putatively elicit retrieval and reconsolidation of memories about the association between the cues and cocaine administration; the second session of cocaine cue exposure will be a test session to examine the potential modulatory role of propranolol on the reconsolidated memories putatively elicited during the previous cue exposure session. It is assumed that changes in craving and physiological reactivity during the test session will reflect propranolol's effects on memory reconsolidation processes elicited by cue exposure during the retrieval session. Medications will be administered in a double-blind fashion. Craving and physiological arousal (heart rate, skin conductance, blood pressure) will be obtained at baseline and at regular intervals during and after both cue exposure sessions. Approximately 7 days following discharge from the inpatient stay at the GCRC, participants will return to the GCRC to undergo a 1-week follow-up cue exposure session that will be identical to the previous two sessions (no medications will be administered). The goal of the follow-up will be to examine if any craving and/or physiological reactivity differences identified during the test session were sustained and to assess if the groups differed in their cocaine use during the intervening 7-day period.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Current cocaine dependence (within past month)

- Able to provide informed consent

- Use of birth control by female participants (barrier methods, surgical sterilization,

IUD, or abstinence)

- Live within 50-mile radius of research site

- Consent to remain abstinent from all drugs of abuse (except nicotine) for 24 hours

prior to inpatient admission and follow-up assessment

- Consent to random assignment to propranolol or placebo

Exclusion Criteria:

- Women who are pregnant, nursing or are of childbearing potential and not

practicing/using birth control

- Evidence or history of significant hematological, endocrine, cardiovascular,

pulmonary, renal, gastrointestinal or neurological disease

- Significant liver impairment

- History of or current psychotic disorder, current major depressive disorder, bipolar

affective disorder or a severe anxiety disorder

- Currently taking anti-arrhythmic agents, psychostimulants or other agents known to

interfere with heart rate and skin conductance monitoring

- Known or suspected hypersensitivity to propranolol

- Individuals taking medications that could adversely interact with the study

medication, including, but not limited to albuterol, insulin, or significant inhibitors of CYP2D6

- Individuals with bronchial asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Locations and Contacts

Tara Abbott, MA, Phone: 843-792-2286, Email: abbottt@musc.edu

Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, United States; Recruiting
Additional Information

Starting date: February 2009
Ending date: January 2011
Last updated: October 15, 2009

Page last updated: October 19, 2009

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