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The Analgesic Effect of Nitroglycerin Patch for Postoperative Pain After Total Knee Replacement

Information source: Rabin Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Total Knee Arthroplasty

Intervention: Nitroderm patch (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Rabin Medical Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Leonid A Eidelman, MD, Study Director, Affiliation: Rabin Medical Center
Sharon Orbach-Zinger, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Rabin Medical Center

Overall contact:
Artium Lenchinsky, MD, Phone: 937 6811


Patients who undergo general anestheesia for total knee arthroplasty pften have sever postoperative pain which hinders their rehabilitation. Nitroglycerin patches have been found to cause alleviation of pain especially when used in conjuction with morphine. Therefore we propose placement of a nitroglycerin patch after total kneee arthroplasty surgery and see how it affects pain scores or causes less nedd for morphine after surgery.

Clinical Details

Official title: The Analgesic Efficacy of Nitroglycerin Patches for Postoperative Pain in Patients Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

pain scores

morphine use

sedation score

nausea and vomiting

Detailed description: Patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty will be randomized into two groups: control and placebo. Eache patient will undergo total knee arthroplasty under general anesthesia. Both groups will get the same anesthetic protocal. At the end of surgery, before awakening patients will recieve either a nitroglycerin or placebo patch on their back. Both the participant and the investigator will be blinded to the group assisignment. At the end of surgery both groups will recieve morphine for postoperative pain. In the recovery room they will be given patient controlled analgesia with morphine. An investigator blinded to study assisignment will record pain scores, sedation scores, nauseau and vomiting. Patients will be given patient controlled analgesia for 24 hours and they will be followed for pain levels, morphine use, sedation and nauseau levels. The nitroderm or placebo patch will be removed after 24 hours.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 75 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Healthy patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty

Exclusion Criteria:

- Pshychiatric disorder

- Allergy to nitroglycerin or morphine

- Chronic renal failure

- Migraine headaches

- Hypotension

Locations and Contacts

Artium Lenchinsky, MD, Phone: 937 6811

Rabin Medical Center, Petach Tikvah, Israel; Recruiting
Artium Lenchinsky, Phone: 937-6811
Additional Information

Starting date: July 2006
Last updated: September 12, 2006

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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