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Busulfan, Melphalan, and Antithymocyte Globulin Followed By Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant in Treating Young Patients With Refractory or Relapsed Malignant Solid Tumors

Information source: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific

Intervention: anti-thymocyte globulin (Biological); graft-versus-tumor induction therapy (Biological); sargramostim (Biological); busulfan (Drug); cyclosporine (Drug); melphalan (Drug); methylprednisolone (Drug); flow cytometry (Other); immunologic technique (Other); laboratory biomarker analysis (Other); allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Procedure); umbilical cord blood transplantation (Procedure)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Kenneth G. Lucas, MD, Study Chair, Affiliation: Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

Summary

RATIONALE: Giving chemotherapy before a donor umbilical cord blood stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of tumor cells. It also helps stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells when they do not exactly match the patient's blood. The donated stem cells may replace the patient's immune cells and help destroy any remaining tumor cells (graft-versus-tumor effect). Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can also make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving cyclosporine and methylprednisolone after the transplant may stop this from happening. PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects of busulfan, melphalan, and antithymocyte globulin followed by umbilical cord blood transplant in treating young patients with refractory or relapsed malignant solid tumors.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase I Study to Examine the Toxicity of Killer IG-Like Receptor (KIR) Mismatched Umbilical Cord Blood for Pediatric Patients With Malignant Solid Tumors

Study design: Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Safety

Incidence of graft-versus-host disease

Secondary outcome:

Donor/host chimerism status

Immune function post-transplant

Detailed description: OBJECTIVES:

- Examine the impact of the use of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor

(KIR)-mismatched umbilical cord blood as a source of hematopoietic stem cells, after busulfan, melphalan, and anti-thymocyte globulin in pediatric patients with relapsed or refractory solid tumors.

- Determine the toxicity of this regimen, in terms of incidence of grade 3-4 acute

graft-versus-host disease, donor/host chimerism, and cellular immunity against tumor cell lines, in these patients. OUTLINE:

- Transplantation: Patients receive busulfan orally or IV every 6 hours on days -8 to -5,

anti-thymocyte globulin IV over 6 hours on days - 4 to -1, and melphalan IV over 15-20

minutes on days - 4 to -2. Patients undergo allogeneic umbilical cord blood stem cell

infusion on day 0. Patients receive sargramostim (GM-CSF) subcutaneously beginning on day 7 and continuing until blood counts recover.

- Graft-vs-host disease prophylaxis: Patients receive cyclosporine IV over 1 hour or

orally twice daily on days - 1 to 180 and methylprednisolone IV or orally once or twice

daily on days 5 - 49.

Blood samples are collected periodically for immunophenotyping and flow cytometric analysis (including interferon gamma and other TH1 and TH2 cytokines). After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 20 patients will be accrued for this study.

Eligibility

Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: 21 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

- Diagnosis of malignant solid tumor

- Relapsed or refractory disease

- No isolated local recurrence of disease (in the site of the primary tumor) > 1

year after completing therapy

- No brain tumors or brain metastases

- Unrelated cord blood donor available

- May be HLA 6/6 matched (HLA-A, -B, -DR) OR mismatched for 1, 2, or 3 of these

HLA loci, but must be mismatched for HLA-C group as indicated by their following killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) group specificity:

- KIR2DL1

- Cw 2

- Cw 0307

- Cw 4, 5, 6

- Cw 0707, 0709

- Cw 1204, 1205

- All other Cw 15 alleles

- Cw 1602

- Cw 17

- Cw 18

- KIR2DL2

- Cw 1

- All other Cw 3 alleles

- All other Cw 7 alleles

- Cw 8

- Cw 1202, 1203, 1206

- Cw 1301

- Cw 1402, 1403

- Cw 1507

- Cw 1601, 1604

- Cord blood specimen must have ≥ 1 x 10^7 nucleated cells/kg patient ideal body weight

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

- ECOG performance status (PS) 0-2 OR Lansky PS 70-100%

- Cardiac ejection fraction ≥ 50%

- Creatinine clearance ≥ 50%

- Bilirubin ≤ 3. 0 mg/dL

- DLCO ≥ 70% OR O_2 saturation ≥ 95% on room air

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

- Prior autologous stem cell transplantation allowed

Locations and Contacts

Penn State Cancer Institute at Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033-0850, United States
Additional Information

Clinical trial summary from the National Cancer Institute's PDQ® database

Starting date: May 2004
Last updated: December 17, 2013

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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