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Effects of Post-Session Supplemental Hydromorphone on Drug Seeking Behavior in Opioid Dependent Individuals

Information source: National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on June 20, 2008
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Heroin Dependence; Opioid-Related Disorders

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Mark Greenwald, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Wayne State University

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether knowledge of post-session hydromorphone (HYD) availability reduces drug seeking behavior in heroin dependent individuals.

Clinical Details

Official title: Biobehavioral Study of Opioid Drug Seeking Behavior: Study 2

Study design: Prospective

Detailed description: Drug dependence is often characterized by severe drug seeking behavior. Learning to understand, predict, and control this maladaptive choice behavior may lead to improved prevention and treatment strategies. HYD is a drug that is currently used as a cough suppressant and to relieve pain. The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which opioid drug seeking behavior by heroin dependent individuals can be reduced by environmental factors, including supplemental opioid drug availability, drug price, and alternative non-drug reinforcers. Specifically, this study will determine whether knowledge of post-session HYD availability influences drug seeking behavior in heroin dependent individuals, who are maintained on buprenorphine during their participation.

Participants in this observational study will take part in multiple trials in which they have the opportunity to choose either HYD or money. On the first two experimental days, prior to choice sessions, participants will receive a sample of the drug doses that can be chosen. During test sessions, participants will have 12 opportunities to choose either drug or money. Participants will use a computer to earn choices. Respiration rate, oxygen saturation, heart rate, and blood pressure will be monitored throughout choice trials. Supplemental HYD will be made available following some choice sessions. Self-report questionnaires will be completed at different times during the study. Participants will be maintained on buprenorphine throughout the study, with a minimum 2-week lead before the experiment, and a fixed 3-week detoxification after study completion.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 55 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Opioid dependent, as determined by the structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCID)

and Addiction Severity Index (ASI)

- Positive urine test for opiates

- Willing to use an adequate form of contraception for the duration of the study

- Reads and writes English

Exclusion Criteria:

- Psychiatric illness, as determined by the DSM-IV criteria

- History of or current neurological disease, including structural abnormalities,

seizures, infection, peripheral neuropathy, and head traumas

- History of cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction, chest pain, or edema

- Systolic blood pressure greater than 160 mm Hg or less than 95 mm Hg; PR diastolic

blood pressure greater than 95 mm Hg

- Pulmonary disease, including obstructive pulmonary disease, cor pulmonale,

tuberculosis, and asthma

- Systemic disease (e. g., endocrinopathies, liver or kidney failure, myxedema,

hypothyroidism, Addison's disease, autoimmune disease)

- Current alcohol or sedative drug dependence

- Pregnant or breastfeeding

- Currently receiving treatment for opioid dependence

- Known phobia of injections

Locations and Contacts

Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48207, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: August 2005
Last updated: April 9, 2008

Page last updated: June 20, 2008

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