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Comparison of Two Methods in the Treatment of Cytomegalovirus of the Eyes in Patients With AIDS

Information source: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Cytomegalovirus Retinitis; HIV Infections

Intervention: Sevirumab (Drug); Foscarnet sodium (Drug); Ganciclovir (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Pollard RB, Study Chair
Borucki M, Study Chair
Gnann J, Study Chair
Hirsch MS, Study Chair

Summary

To evaluate the effect of MSL 109, human monoclonal anti-cytomegalovirus (CMV) antibody, on time to progression of CMV retinitis. To determine the safety and pharmacokinetic profile of MS 109. To evaluate the relationship between pharmacokinetic measurements of MSL 109 and efficacy and virologic markers. Therapeutic agents currently available for CMV retinitis are limited by their inherent toxicities and short half-lives which require frequent intravenous dosing. Alternatively, MSL 109 has demonstrated safety and effectiveness in neutralizing CMV isolates at concentrations easily maintained in AIDS patients.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase II, Double-Masked, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Evaluation of Standard Therapy vs. Standard Therapy Combined With Human Monoclonal Anti-Cytomegalovirus Antibody (MSL 109) in the Therapy of AIDS Patients With Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Retinitis

Study design: Primary Purpose: Treatment

Detailed description: Therapeutic agents currently available for CMV retinitis are limited by their inherent toxicities and short half-lives which require frequent intravenous dosing. Alternatively, MSL 109 has demonstrated safety and effectiveness in neutralizing CMV isolates at concentrations easily maintained in AIDS patients. Patients receive induction therapy with intravenous ganciclovir or foscarnet daily for 14 days, then are placed on standard maintenance therapy with the induction drug for at least 11 months or until progression. Patients are randomized to receive 1 of 2 doses of MLS 109 or placebo every 2 weeks during induction and maintenance. They are followed at weeks 2 and 4 and every 4 weeks thereafter for 40 weeks. Patients who have not progressed by week 40 continue study drug with follow-up every 2 months until CMV progression occurs. AS PER AMENDMENT 11/29/96: Enrollment onto the current study has been discontinued. To study the enhancement of humoral immunity, a high-dose cohort has been added. Patients are now randomized to MSL 109 given at a higher dose or placebo administered at the same intervals as before. Randomization is weighted 2: 1 in favor of high-dose MSL 109. Interim analyses will be performed to provide for early discontinuation, as indicated. Patients randomized under earlier versions may continue on their original study assignment if a study endpoint has not been reached.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 13 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria Concurrent Medication: Allowed:

- G-CSF and GM-CSF.

- Antiretroviral therapy.

Patients must have:

- HIV infection.

- First episode of CMV retinitis.

- No prior end-organ CMV disease - PER AMENDMENT 4/25/96: No prior end organ CMV

disease within the past 6 months. Subjects who have been prophylaxed with oral ganciclovir and develop an episode of CMV retinitis are eligible.

- No active AIDS-defining opportunistic infection or malignancy that requires

nephrotoxic or myelosuppressive therapy.

- Life expectancy of at least 6 months.

- Consent of parent or guardian if less than 18 years of age.

NOTE:

- This protocol is approved for prisoner participation.

Exclusion Criteria Co-existing Condition: Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

- PER AMENDMENT 4/25/96: Retinal detachment not scheduled for surgical repair, in all

eyes meeting other eligibility criteria. (Was written as - No current retinal

detachment (although old retinal detachments unrelated to HIV infection which have been repaired are permitted).

- Corneal, lens, or vitreous opacification that precludes funduscopic exam.

- Clinically significant pulmonary or neurologic impairment, such as intubation or

coma. (Patients with a CNS mass or history of seizure disorder may enroll.)

- Tuberculous, diabetic, or hypertensive retinopathy, or other retinal lesions that

would interfere with measurements of response or progression.

- Known hypersensitivity to the study drugs.

PER AMENDMENT 4/25/96:

- Presence of CMV retinal lesions that are only in areas of the retina which cannot be

photographed. Concurrent Medication: Excluded:

- Immunomodulators, biologic response modifiers, interferon, or investigational agents

that may influence course of CMV infection.

- Systemic acyclovir or any nephrotoxic agent, specifically aminoglycosides,

amphotericin B, and parenteral pentamidines.

- Any concomitant therapy that would preclude use of cidofovir, foscarnet or

ganciclovir. Prior Medication: Excluded: PER AMENDMENT 4/25/96:

- Use of IV ganciclovir, foscarnet or cidofovir within 6 months prior to study

enrollment. (Was written - Ganciclovir or foscarnet for non-CMV herpes infections

within 6 months prior to study entry.)

Locations and Contacts

Alabama Therapeutics CRS, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, United States

USC CRS, Los Angeles, California 900331079, United States

Santa Clara Valley Med. Ctr., San Jose, California 951282699, United States

Stanford CRS, Stanford, California 943055107, United States

University of Colorado Hospital CRS, Aurora, Colorado 80262, United States

Univ. of Miami AIDS CRS, Miami, Florida 331361013, United States

Queens Med. Ctr., Honolulu, Hawaii 96816, United States

Univ. of Hawaii at Manoa, Leahi Hosp., Honolulu, Hawaii 96816, United States

Cook County Hosp. CORE Ctr., Chicago, Illinois 60612, United States

Rush Univ. Med. Ctr. ACTG CRS, Chicago, Illinois 60612, United States

Indiana Univ. School of Medicine, Infectious Disease Research Clinic, Indianapolis, Indiana 462025250, United States

Beth Israel Deaconess - East Campus A0102 CRS, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, United States

Beth Israel Deaconess Med. Ctr., ACTG CRS, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, United States

Massachusetts General Hospital ACTG CRS, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, United States

Washington U CRS, St. Louis, Missouri, United States

SUNY - Buffalo, Erie County Medical Ctr., Buffalo, New York 14215, United States

Univ. of Rochester ACTG CRS, Rochester, New York 14642, United States

Univ. of Cincinnati CRS, Cincinnati, Ohio 452670405, United States

Case CRS, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United States

Hosp. of the Univ. of Pennsylvania CRS, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, United States

Additional Information

Related publications:

Borucki M, Spritzler J, Gnann J, Hirsch M, Nokta M, Aweeka F, Pollard R. A phase II double masked, placebo-controlled evaluation of standard therapy vs standard therapy combined with human monoclonal anti-cytomegalovirus antibody (MSL-109) in the therapy of AIDS patients with newly diagnosed cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in ACTG 266. Conf Retroviruses Opportunistic Infect. 1999 Jan 31-Feb 4;6th:154 (abstract no 460)

CMV retinitis study aborted. GMHC Treat Issues. 1996 Sep;10(9):8.


Last updated: May 8, 2012

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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