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The Safety and Effectiveness of Hyperimmune Anti-HIV Intravenous Immunoglobulin (HVIG) Plus Zidovudine in HIV-Infected Infants

Information source: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on June 20, 2008
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: HIV Infections

Intervention: Anti-HIV Immune Serum Globulin (Human) (Drug); Zidovudine (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Terminated

Sponsored by: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Connor E, Study Chair

Summary

To determine the safety and tolerance of hyperimmune anti-HIV intravenous immunoglobulin (HIVIG) and of zidovudine (AZT) in infants with established HIV infection; to get preliminary evidence for the effectiveness of this type of treatment in preventing the advance of disease in HIV infected infants. HIVIG may be an effective agent that either alone or in combination with AZT will prevent progression of clinical disease.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase II Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerance and Efficacy of Hyperimmune Anti-HIV Intravenous Immunoglobulin (HIVIG) and of Zidovudine (ZDV) in Infants With Documented HIV Infections

Study design: Treatment, Parallel Assignment, Safety Study

Detailed description: HIVIG may be an effective agent that either alone or in combination with AZT will prevent progression of clinical disease.

Participants are randomized to receive either oral AZT or HIVIG. Patients may receive treatment for a maximum of 48 weeks. Patients are evaluated during treatment at weeks 2, 4, and every 4 weeks thereafter. Infants who are receiving HIVIG initially are treated with the appropriate age-adjusted dose of oral AZT in addition to HIVIG if they meet clinical disease progression criteria. All participants who have completed 48 weeks of treatment or who are discontinued from treatment are followed every 3 months for an additional 48 weeks. This follow-up may be conducted over the telephone.

Eligibility

Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: 3 Months. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

- Recommended:

- Standard immunizations. Should repeat MMR 3 months after discontinuing study.

- Benadryl and/or aspirin.

- Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia prophylaxis.

- Systemic ketoconazole and acyclovir, or oral nystatin for acute therapy.

- Aerosol ribavirin for short-term treatment of RSV.

Concurrent Treatment:

Allowed:

- Blood transfusion.

Patients must have the following:

- Parent or guardian available to give written informed consent.

- Protocol requires prior Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval before any subject

is entered into study.

Prior Medication:

Allowed:

- Gammaglobulin, intravenous (IV) or intramuscular (IM).

- Immunoglobulin, IV (IVIG).

- Maternal antiretroviral treatment during pregnancy.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions or symptoms are excluded:

- Symptomatic of any class P-2 symptoms (except lymphadenopathy at time of study entry.

- Presence of serious acute infection requiring parenteral treatment at time of study

entry.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

- Prophylaxis for oral candidiasis or otitis media or other infections.

- Immunoglobulin therapy (except single dose or for hypogammaglobulinemia).

- Ketoconazole, acyclovir, or nystatin for prophylaxis.

Patients with the following are excluded:

- Symptomatic of any class P-2 symptoms (except lymphadenopathy at time of study entry.

- Presence of serious acute infection requiring parenteral treatment at time of study

entry.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

- Antiretroviral treatment or experimental treatment within 2 weeks of entry.

Locations and Contacts

Additional Information

Click here for more information about Zidovudine

Related publications:

Spector SA, Gelber RD, McGrath N, Wara D, Barzilai A, Abrams E, Bryson YJ, Dankner WM, Livingston RA, Connor EM. A controlled trial of intravenous immune globulin for the prevention of serious bacterial infections in children receiving zidovudine for advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection. Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group. N Engl J Med. 1994 Nov 3;331(18):1181-7.


Last updated: June 23, 2005

Page last updated: June 20, 2008

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