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Umbilical Cord Care for the Prevention of Colonization

Information source: University of Virginia
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Line Insertion Site; Central Line-associated Bloodstream Infection (CLABSI)

Intervention: Povidone-Iodine (Drug); Chlorhexidine gluconate (Drug); Pluronic Cream (Drug); control (Other)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: University of Virginia

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
David A Kaufman, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: UVA School of Medicine

Overall contact:
David A Kaufman, MD, Phone: 434-924-9114, Email: dak4r@virginia.edu


Umbilical catheters are necessary for many infants admitted to the Newborn Intensive Care Unit (NICU)and utilized when indicated for up to 7 to 14 days. Bacterial colonization can occur at the umbilical stump and potentially lead to serious bloodstream infections (BSIs). This study is a prospective, randomized controlled feasibility trial to evaluate three types of hygiene products on umbilical line stumps, on the effect of line colonization and subsequent infections. Infants admitted to the NICU with an umbilical line(s) will be randomized into one of four study groups, three products against standard of care (no product). The three products that will be evaluated are currently being used in different capacities for skin care in the University of Virginia (UVA) NICU. The study hypothesizes that twice daily topical application of 1 or more antiseptic to the top of the umbilical stump will decrease colonization of the umbilical stump while umbilical lines are in place.

Clinical Details

Official title: Umbilical Cord Care for the Prevention of Colonization

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Primary outcome: Colonization of umbilical stump

Secondary outcome:

Late-onset infection

Contact dermatitis of cord or skin base

Detailed description: Umbilical catheter associated infections are higher (4. 4 vs. 3. 4 CLABSIs per 1000 line days) than other central lines such as peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) and

surgically placed central venous lines (CVL) in the NICU. (www. CDC. gov - NSHN 2010 Report).

Routine care of the skin entry site (e. g. central line dressing care) is standard for other central lines, but there is no standard for care of the umbilical stump while umbilical lines are in place. In a pilot study to evaluate the relationship of umbilical stump colonization with gestational age, the number of days the catheter was in place, and the type of organisms, colonization was detected in 78% of patients. There was a direct correlation with colonization and line days as well as an inverse relationship with lower gestational age. This pilot data supported the need for the study of interventions to reduce umbilical stump colonization, which may help decrease blood stream infections (BSIs) associated with umbilical lines in the NICU. The proposed study will evaluate feasibility of twice daily product application.


Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: 7 Days. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: *≤7 days of life *Umbilical line(s) in place (Umbilical arterial catheter=UAC and/or Umbilical venous catheter=UVC) Exclusion Criteria: *Not meeting inclusion criteria

Locations and Contacts

David A Kaufman, MD, Phone: 434-924-9114, Email: dak4r@virginia.edu

University of Virginia HealthSystem, Charlottesville, Virginia 22932, United States; Recruiting
David A Kaufman, MD, Phone: 434-924-5428, Email: dak4r@virginia.edu
Amy E. Blackman, MD, Phone: 434-982-0263, Email: as5v@virginia.edu
Additional Information

Starting date: July 2013
Last updated: August 1, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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