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Sunitinib, Cetuximab, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

Information source: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Recurrent Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary; Recurrent Salivary Gland Cancer; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Nasopharynx; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx; Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity; Recurrent Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx; Recurrent Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Salivary Gland Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Stage III Salivary Gland Cancer; Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx; Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx; Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity; Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Nasopharynx; Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx; Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity; Stage III Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx; Stage III Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Stage IV Salivary Gland Cancer; Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx; Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx; Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity; Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Nasopharynx; Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx; Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity; Stage IV Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx; Stage IV Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity; Tongue Cancer; Untreated Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary

Intervention: sunitinib malate (Drug); pharmacological study (Other); 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (Radiation); cetuximab (Biological)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Terminated

Sponsored by: National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Victoria Villaflor, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center

Summary

This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of sunitinib when given together with cetuximab and radiation therapy in treating patients with locally advanced or recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Sunitinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Monoclonal antibodies, such as cetuximab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving sunitinib together with cetuximab and radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase I Trial of Concurrent Chemoradiation/Chemoreirradiation With Cetuximab (ERBITUX), Sunitinib, and Accelerated Radiation in Patients With Locally Advanced/High-risk/Recurrent Poor Prognosis Head and Neck Cancer

Study design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) of sunitinib malate

Secondary outcome:

Objective tumor response rates

Locoregional control rates

Disease control rates

Locoregional recurrence rates

Time to progression

Overall survival time

Pharmacokinetics of sunitinib malate delivered by percutaneous gastrostomy tube

Detailed description: PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To assess the safety, the maximum tolerated dose, and the dose limiting toxicity of sunitinib malate when administered in combination with cetuximab and radiotherapy in patients with locally advanced, recurrent, or second primary poor prognosis, high-risk squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To describe the toxicity profile of this regimen. II. To explore the tolerability and feasibility of sunitinib malate when administered in combination with cetuximab and radiotherapy in these patients. III. To assess the best overall response rate (complete and partial response) after completion of treatment. IV. To assess the locoregional control rate. V. To assess the distant control rate. VI. To assess the pharmacokinetics of sunitinib malate delivered by percutaneous gastrostomy tube. OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of sunitinib malate. Patients receive sunitinib malate orally or by percutaneous gastrostomy tube once daily, cetuximab IV over 60-120 minutes once weekly, and undergo concurrent radiotherapy once or twice daily, 5 days a week, for 7-9 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with persistent disease undergo surgical resection. *NOTE: *Patients may have resection prior to enrollment on protocol provided they have high-risk features for recurrence. Some patients undergo blood sample collection at baseline and periodically during study for pharmacokinetic analysis of sunitinib malate and metabolites. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically for up to 6 years.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Histologically or cytologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma of the head and

neck, meeting any of the following criteria:

- Recurrent disease

- Second primary locoregional recurrence* with no clinically measurable distant

disease

- Poor prognosis non-metastatic head and neck carcinoma (M0)

- Must have undergone radiotherapy as a component of prior treatment

- Not a candidate for surgical resection with curative intent

- Patients with high-risk features at resection or following resection for

recurrence are eligible

- Must have locoregional tumor amenable to radiotherapy or reirradiation with curative

intent

- Entire gross tumor recurrence volume must be able to be treated without

exceeding a cumulative spinal cord dose of 50 Gy

- Unresected tumors must be measurable according to RECIST

- No known brain metastases

- ECOG performance status (PS) 0-2 OR Karnofsky PS 60-100%

- Life expectancy > 12 weeks

- WBC ≥ 3,000/mm^³

- ANC > 1,500/mm³

- Platelet count > 100,000/mm³

- Total bilirubin < 1. 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

- INR and PTT ratio < 1. 5

- AST and ALT ≤ 2. 5 times ULN

- Creatinine normal OR creatinine clearance > 60 mL/min

- Urine protein no more than trace

- Hematocrit ≥ 28%

- Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL

- QTc < 500 msec

- Not pregnant or nursing

- Negative pregnancy test

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception

- The following patients are eligible provided they have New York Heart Association

class II cardiac function on baseline ECHO and MUGA:

- Asymptomatic on treatment

- Prior anthracycline exposure

- Prior central thoracic radiotherapy included the heart in the radiotherapy port

- No clinical evidence of active infection of any type, including hepatitis B or C

virus

- Infections controlled with therapy are allowed

- Patients with hepatitis B or C on antiviral therapy with no detectable virus are

allowed

- No immune deficiency and/or HIV positivity

- No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or

biological composition to sunitinib malate

- No gastrointestinal tract disease or condition, including any of the following, that

impairs ability to retain sunitinib tablets:

- Inability to take oral medication or a requirement for IV alimentation

- Prior surgical procedures affecting absorption

- Active peptic ulcer disease

- None of the following conditions allowed:

- Serious or nonhealing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture

- Abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess

within the past 28 days

- No significant concurrent medical or psychiatric illness which, in the opinion of the

investigator, would interfere with the patient's ability to participate in the trial

- No active carotid artery involvement

- No history of documented thrombosis (pulmonary embolism within the past 12 months or

deep vein thrombosis [DVT] within the past 6 months), known coagulopathies or thrombophilia, or evidence of DVT/thromboembolic event

- No history of the following cardiovascular conditions :

- Myocardial infarction within the past 12 months

- Cardiac arrhythmia or serious ventricular arrhythmia (ventricular fibrillation

or ventricular tachycardia ≥ 3 beats in a row) within the past 12 months

- Stable/unstable angina within the past 12 months

- Symptomatic congestive heart failure within the past 12 months

- Coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft or stenting within the past 12 months

- No cerebral vascular disease, cerebrovascular accident (stroke), or transient

ischemic attack within the past 6 months

- QTc prolongation (QTc interval ≥ 500 msec)

- New York Heart Association class III-IV congestive heart failure

- Poorly controlled hypertension (i. e., systolic blood pressure [BP] ≥ 140 mm Hg

or diastolic BP ≥ 90 mm Hg)

- Other significant ECG abnormalities

- See Disease Characteristics

- Recovered from all prior radiotherapy and chemotherapy

- More than 4 months since prior radiotherapy to the head and neck

- More than 2 weeks since prior hormone replacement therapy or hormonal contraceptives

- More than 4 weeks since prior and no other concurrent investigational agents

- At least 1 month since prior surgery (unless ambulatory within 48 hours)

- At least 7 days since prior and no concurrent CYP3A4 inhibitors, including any of the

following:

- Azole antifungals (ketoconazole, itraconazole)

- Clarithromycin

- Erythromycin

- Diltiazem

- Verapamil

- HIV protease inhibitors (indinavir, saquinavir, ritonavir, atazanavir,

nelfinavir)

- Delavirdine

- At least 12 days since prior and no concurrent CYP3A4 inducers, including any of the

following:

- Rifampin

- Rifabutin

- Carbamazepine

- Phenobarbital

- Phenytoin

- St. John wort

- Efavirenz

- Tipranavir

- Concurrent coumarin-derivative anticoagulants (e. g., warfarin up to 2 mg daily)

allowed for prophylaxis of thrombosis

- Concurrent use of medications known to affect the conductive system (e. g.,

beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, or digoxin) allowed under investigator supervision

- No concurrent agent with proarrhythmic potential, including any of the following:

- Terfenadine

- Quinidine

- Procainamide

- Disopyramide

- Sotalol

- Probucol

- Bepridil

- Haloperidol

- Risperidone

- Indapamide

- Flecainide

- No concurrent chronic steroid treatment for > 6 months (i. e., prednisolone doses > 10

mg/day or equivalent)

- No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients

- No concurrent amifostine

- No concurrent commercial agent or therapy intended to treat head and neck cancer

- No other concurrent anticancer therapy

Locations and Contacts

University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center, Chicago, Illinois 60637-1470, United States

Decatur Memorial Hospital, Decatur, Illinois 62526, United States

Evanston CCOP-NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston, Illinois 60201, United States

Ingalls Memorial Hospital, Harvey, Illinois 60426, United States

Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, Illinois 60153, United States

Illinois CancerCare-Peoria, Peoria, Illinois 61615, United States

Central Illinois Hematology Oncology Center, Springfield, Illinois 60702, United States

Fort Wayne Medical Oncology and Hematology Inc - State Boulevard, Fort Wayne, Indiana 46845, United States

University of Maryland Greenebaum Cancer Center, Baltimore, Maryland 21201-1595, United States

University of Michigan University Hospital, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, United States

Saint John's Mercy Medical Center, Saint Louis, Missouri 63141, United States

Froedtert and the Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, United States

Additional Information

Starting date: July 2008
Last updated: July 1, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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