Comparison of Aprotinin and Tranexamic Acid in Routine Cardiac Surgery
Information source: German Heart Center
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on June 20, 2008
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
Condition(s) targeted: Bleeding and Cardiac Surgery; Allogeneic Blood Transfusion; Aortic Valve Replacement; Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery
Intervention: aprotinin or tranexamic acid (Drug)
Phase: Phase 3
Status: Active, not recruiting
Sponsored by: German Heart Center
Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Wulf Dietrich, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Department of Anesthesiology, German Heart Center Munich
The hypothesis of this study is that the antifibrinolytic drugs aprotinin and tranexamic acid
equally influence bleeding tendency and transfusion requirement in patients undergoing first
time cardiac procedures with a low risk of increased postoperative bleeding. Only patients
undergoing first time CABG or first time aortic valve replacement are included in this
Official title: The Influence of High-Dose Aprotinin and Tranexamic Acid on Bleeding Tendency and Allogeneic Blood Transfusion in Patients Undergoing Primary Aortic Valve Replacement or Coronary Artery Revascularization
Study design: Prevention, Randomized, Double-Blind, Active Control, Parallel Assignment, Safety/Efficacy Study
24 hours postoperative drainage blood loss
incidence of allogeneic blood transfusion
activation of fibrinolysis and hemostasis
impairment of renal function
Excessive bleeding during and after cardiac surgery is a serious complication. It exposes
patients to the risk of allogeneic blood transfusion or other blood products and the risk of
mediastinal re-exploration. Antifibrinolytic drugs like aprotinin and tranexamic acid are
proven to reduce bleeding tendency and transfusion requirement in cardiac surgery. The
efficacy of these drugs is proven, especially for the unspecific proteinase inhibitor
aprotinin, however, there are concerns about the safety and the high costs of this drug.
There are only limited head-to-head comparisons of these two drugs.
In this double-blind, prospective, controlled study the efficacy of aprotinin and tranexamic
acid is compared. Primary outcome is the 24 hours postoperative drainage blood loss and the
percentage of patients requiring allogeneic blood transfusion during the hospital stay.
Subgroups of patients undergoing CABG surgery or aortic valve replacement are predefined for
combined and separate data analysis. The power of the study is calculated for this
Secondary outcome measurements are molecular marker of activation of hemostasis up to the 5th
Minimum age: 18 Years.
Maximum age: N/A.
- informed consent
- Patients undergoing primary CABG or Aortic valve replacement surgery
- Previous sternotomy
- OPCAB surgery
- urgent/emergency operation
- Coumadin treatment
- previous aprotinin exposure
- preoperative renal impairment (Creatinine > 2 mg/dL)
- patients refusing blood transfusions
- no informed consent
Locations and Contacts
German Heart Center Munich, Munich 80636, Germany
Diprose P, Herbertson MJ, O'Shaughnessy D, Deakin CD, Gill RS. Reducing allogeneic transfusion in cardiac surgery: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of antifibrinolytic therapies used in addition to intra-operative cell salvage. Br J Anaesth. 2005 Mar;94(3):271-8. Epub 2004 Dec 10.
Henry DA, Moxey AJ, Carless PA, O'Connell D, McClelland B, Henderson KM, Sly K, Laupacis A, Fergusson D. Anti-fibrinolytic use for minimising perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2001;(1):CD001886. Review.
Royston D, Levy JH, Fitch J, Dietrich W, Body SC, Murkin JM, Spiess BD, Nadel A. Full-dose aprotinin use in coronary artery bypass graft surgery: an analysis of perioperative pharmacotherapy and patient outcomes. Anesth Analg. 2006 Nov;103(5):1082-8.
Dietrich W, Busley R, Kriner M. High-dose aprotinin in cardiac surgery: is high-dose high enough?: an analysis of 8281 cardiac surgical patients treated with aprotinin. Anesth Analg. 2006 Nov;103(5):1074-81.
Starting date: January 2005
Ending date: July 2006
Last updated: November 6, 2006