DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more



Subcutaneous Immunoglobulin for CIDP

Information source: University of South Florida
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy

Intervention: Immune Globulin Subcutaneous (Human) (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: University of South Florida

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Tuan Vu, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of South Florida

Overall contact:
Brittany Harvey, B.A., C.C.R.C, Phone: 813-974-9413, Email: bharvey1@health.usf.edu

Summary

The investigators are using self administered subcutaneous IG in patients with CIDP who require IVIG. Safety, efficacy, and patient satisfaction will be examined.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Study of Subcutaneous Immunoglobulin as Chronic Treatment for Patients With Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label

Primary outcome: Relapse of CIDP Symptoms

Secondary outcome:

Short Form 36

Rasch-built Overall Disability Scale

CIP-PRO20

Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication

Detailed description: Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is an autoimmune neurological disorder that causes limb weakness and numbness. Many patients require immunosuppressants and plasma exchange (PLEX) to control their symptoms. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)is also an effective treatment (Hughes et al, 2006 & 2008; Hughes, 2009; Cocito et al, 2010), and the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) guideline recommended that it should be offered in the long-term treatment of CIDP (Patwa et al, 2012). While effective, IVIG causes systemic side effects in about 5% of patients. These side effects include rash, pruritus, myalgia, fever, chills, headache, low back pain, nausea, vomiting, changes in blood pressure or heart rate, renal failure, and aseptic meningitis (Berger, 2008). For many patients who are chronically treated with IVIG, venous access may be a problem over time. An alternative is the subcutaneous (SC) route, which has been in use since 1980 for primary immune deficiency disorders and is the treatment of choice for this condition in Scandinavia and England (Radinsky et al, 2003). As compared to IV route, SC route maintains higher trough levels of immunoglobulins, increases patient independence, reduces systemic side-effects, and is better tolerated in those who are pregnant or sensitized to IgA (Radinsky et al, 2003). In a review of side effects associated with 33,168 SCIG infusions, no severe or anaphylactoid reactions occurred (Gardulf et al, 1995). Patients can self-administer medication, and hence, overall cost may be reduced. A retrospective study of 28 children with primary immunodeficiency in Canada showed that the mean difference in costs between IVIG and SCIG during the study period (1 year on IVIG and 1 year on SCIG) was $4,346 in favor of SCIG (Ducruet et al, 2011). A US$10,100 reduction in cost per year per patient associated with SCIG use was also reported by Gardulf et al (1995) in Sweden. Disadvantages of SCIG include more frequent infusions and local reactions at sites of infusion (transient swelling, soreness, redness, induration, local heat, and itching) in about 1% of patients.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 80 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: To qualify, a patient must have CIDP and persistence of significant symptoms (having 2 or more of the following):

- Weakness in any limb,

- Motor fatigue significant to interfere with ADL or work,

- Paresthesia of sufficient severity to require a medication,

- Sensory impairment,

- Walking impairment,

AND requires IVIG to control symptoms. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Thrombocytopenia or other bleeding disorders, 2. Anticoagulation therapy, 3. Severe or anaphylactoid reactions to IVIG, 4. Cancer, 5. Pregnancy, 6. Breast-feeding, 7. Renal insufficiency or failure, 8. Congestive heart failure, 9. Psychiatric illness.

Locations and Contacts

Brittany Harvey, B.A., C.C.R.C, Phone: 813-974-9413, Email: bharvey1@health.usf.edu

USF Dept of Neurology, Tampa, Florida 33612, United States; Recruiting
Additional Information

Starting date: September 2014
Last updated: June 4, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017