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Magic Mouthwash Plus Sucralfate Versus Benzydamine Hydrochloride for the Treatment of Radiation-induced Mucositis

Information source: Juravinski Cancer Centre Foundation
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Head and Neck Cancer; Mucositis

Intervention: Combination of Magic Mouthwash Plus Sucralfate (Drug); 0.15% Benzydamine HCl (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Juravinski Cancer Centre Foundation

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Joda Kuk, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Juravinski Cancer Centre


Radiation treatment is very effective for treating cancers of the head and neck, however, during the course of treatment, it is common for patients to experience soreness of their mouth and throat due to the radiation. When radiation causes inflammation of the inside of the mouth, it is called 'mucositis'. There are several mouthwashes that are commonly used to prevent and treat mucositis, but none of these have been shown to be superior to another. This study is being conducted to see if using a combination of magic mouthwash and sucralfate is better than using a single mouthwash called benzydamine at decreasing the burden of mucositis.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase III Study of Magic Mouthwash Plus Sucralfate Versus Benzydamine HCl for Treatment of Radiation-induced Oral Mucositis in Head and Neck Cancer Patients.

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Primary outcome: The severity of patient-reported symptoms of mucositis as determined by the change in Oral Mucositis Weekly Questionnaire - Head and Neck Cancer (OMWQ-HN) score from baseline to 6 weeks.

Secondary outcome:

The severity of patient-reported symptoms of mucositis throughout the course radiotherapy as determined by the area under the curve for mean change in OMWQ-HN scores from baseline.

Incidence of WHO Grade 3 or 4 oral mucositis after 4 weeks of radiotherapy.

Detailed description: Sixty patients with head and neck cancer being treated with 6 or more weeks of radiotherapy, will be randomly assigned to receive either a combination of magic mouthwash (diphenhydramine, dexamethasone and nystatin) plus sucralfate or benzydamine. Patients randomized to receive magic mouthwash plus sucralfate will rinse first with 5ml of the magic mouthwash for 2 minutes then swallow, followed by rinsing with 5ml of the 1g/5ml sucralfate for 2 minutes before swallowing, 4 times daily. Patients randomized to receive 0. 15% benzydamine HCl will be instructed to rinse with 15ml of the solution for 2 minutes before expectorating, 4 times daily. Patients will start the mouthwash regimens prior to the initiation of radiotherapy, and stop 2 weeks after the completion of radiotherapy.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Histologically proven squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

- Receiving 6 or more weeks of external beam radiotherapy to a treatment volume that

includes mucosal surfaces of the head and neck. Exclusion Criteria:

- Age less than 18 years

- ECOG Performance Score 2 or higher

- Patient is unable to understand the protocol and/or unable to provide informed


- Patient is unable or unwilling to complete the questionnaires which are written in


- Prior radiation to the head and neck region that would result in overlap of fields

for the current study.

- Plan to receive a radiation treatment volume that only includes the larynx and or

hypopharynx with no planned treatment of locoregional lymph nodes.

- Plan to receive a concurrent chemotherapy agent other than cisplatin.

- Plan to receive other investigational agents (eg. panitumumab).

- Investigational agent of any kind within 30 days prior to randomization.

- Concurrent administration of any other experimental intervention given for the

purpose of preventing oral mucositis.

- History of allergic or hypersensitivity reactions to any of the possible agents to be

administered in the study.

- Patients who are pregnant or lactating.

Locations and Contacts

Juravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton, Ontario L8V 5C2, Canada
Additional Information

Related publications:

Epstein JB, Silverman S Jr, Paggiarino DA, Crockett S, Schubert MM, Senzer NN, Lockhart PB, Gallagher MJ, Peterson DE, Leveque FG. Benzydamine HCl for prophylaxis of radiation-induced oral mucositis: results from a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Cancer. 2001 Aug 15;92(4):875-85.

Epstein JB, Beaumont JL, Gwede CK, Murphy B, Garden AS, Meredith R, Le QT, Brizel D, Isitt J, Cella D. Longitudinal evaluation of the oral mucositis weekly questionnaire-head and neck cancer, a patient-reported outcomes questionnaire. Cancer. 2007 May 1;109(9):1914-22.

Wright JR, McKenzie M, DeAngelis C, Foroudi F, Paul N, Rajaraman M, Wong F, Wong R, Wong KS. Radiation induced mucositis: co-ordinating a research agenda. Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol). 2003 Dec;15(8):473-7.

Sutherland SE, Browman GP. Prophylaxis of oral mucositis in irradiated head-and-neck cancer patients: a proposed classification scheme of interventions and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2001 Mar 15;49(4):917-30.

Sonis ST, Elting LS, Keefe D, Peterson DE, Schubert M, Hauer-Jensen M, Bekele BN, Raber-Durlacher J, Donnelly JP, Rubenstein EB; Mucositis Study Section of the Multinational Association for Supportive Care in Cancer; International Society for Oral Oncology. Perspectives on cancer therapy-induced mucosal injury: pathogenesis, measurement, epidemiology, and consequences for patients. Cancer. 2004 May 1;100(9 Suppl):1995-2025. Review.

Stokman MA, Spijkervet FK, Boezen HM, Schouten JP, Roodenburg JL, de Vries EG. Preventive intervention possibilities in radiotherapy- and chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis: results of meta-analyses. J Dent Res. 2006 Aug;85(8):690-700. Review.

Worthington HV, Clarkson JE, Eden OB. Interventions for preventing oral mucositis for patients with cancer receiving treatment. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 Oct 17;(4):CD000978. Review. Update in: Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(12):CD000978.

Rothwell BR, Spektor WS. Palliation of radiation-related mucositis. Spec Care Dentist. 1990 Jan-Feb;10(1):21-5.

Etiz D, Erkal HS, Serin M, Küçük B, Hepari A, Elhan AH, Tulunay O, Cakmak A. Clinical and histopathological evaluation of sucralfate in prevention of oral mucositis induced by radiation therapy in patients with head and neck malignancies. Oral Oncol. 2000 Jan;36(1):116-20.

Cengiz M, Ozyar E, Oztürk D, Akyol F, Atahan IL, Hayran M. Sucralfate in the prevention of radiation-induced oral mucositis. J Clin Gastroenterol. 1999 Jan;28(1):40-3.

Starting date: May 2009
Last updated: January 19, 2011

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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