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An Effectiveness Study of Paromomycin IM Injection (PMIM) for the Treatment of Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) in Bangladesh

Information source: PATH
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Visceral Leishmaniasis

Intervention: Paromomycin sulfate (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: PATH

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Rashidul Haque, MB, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh


The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment with PMIM in patients with visceral leishmaniasis within the VL-endemic region of Bangladesh at EOT (21/22 days after treatment begins), and at 6 months after end of treatment (Day 202/203,

- 15 to +30 days).

Clinical Details

Official title: An Effectiveness Study of Paromomycin IM Injection (PMIM) for the Treatment of Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) in Bangladesh

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Final cure rate

Secondary outcome:

Initial clinical response rate

Patient compliance with PMIM treatment

Safety of PMIM in the study population based on clinical assessment by the study physician at the Upazilla Health Centre.

To introduce PMIM in government health facilities in rural Bangladesh.

Detailed description: Safe, effective and affordable treatments for visceral leishmaniasis (VL) that are widely available to the poorest populations are urgently needed in Bangladesh in areas where the disease is endemic. Paromomycin IM Injection (PMIM) was approved for the treatment of VL in August 2006 by the Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI), and it offers an attractive alternative to treatments that are currently available.


Minimum age: 5 Years. Maximum age: 55 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Signs and symptoms of VL including:

- History of intermittent fever for at least two weeks

- History of weight loss and/or decrease in appetite

- Enlarged spleen

2. VL serologically confirmed using the rK39 test: 3. Willingness / ability to understand and provide informed consent prior to participation in this study: 4. Age ≥ five years and ≤ 55 years, and weighing at least five kg 5. Adequately hydrated as assessed by clinical criteria and able to maintain adequate hydration on an outpatient basis through oral intake of fluids 6. Clinically stable and appropriate for treatment with PMIM as an outpatient, if possible (subjects may be hospitalized to receive 21-day dosing at the discretion of the investigator) 7. Living in the VL-endemic areas in Bangladesh Exclusion Criteria: 1. Active tuberculosis or taking anti-tuberculosis medications 2. Previous treatment with Paromomycin IM Injection (PMIM) 3. Clinically significant severe anemia as determined by the investigator 4. Clinically significant renal or hepatic dysfunction as determined by the investigator, or history of clinically significant renal or hepatic dysfunction 5. History of Hepatitis B or C; or known HIV positive 6. History of hearing loss 7. Other serious illness or medical condition that, in the opinion of the doctor, would interfere with the patient's ability to receive PMIM treatment or comply with the study procedures, or that could obscure toxicity of or response to PMIM 8. Major surgery within 30 days prior to first dose of PMIM 9. History of hypersensitivity to aminoglycosides or to any of the components of PMIM, including sulfite 10. Any history of VL or treatment of VL at any time 11. Patients who have received any investigational (unlicensed) drug within the last six months 12. Concomitant use of other aminoglycosides (e. g., gentamicin, tobramycin, amikacin), nephrotoxic and ototoxic drugs, or immunosuppressive drugs 13. Proteinuria (results > 1+ ) on urine dipstick analysis at screening visit and/or 14. Serum creatinine above the upper limit of normal (ie, serum creatinine >1. 1 mg/dl in males and >0. 9 mg/dl in females 15. Pregnant or lactating women

Locations and Contacts

Icddr,B, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Bhaluka Upazila Health Complex, Bhaluka, Mymensingh District, Bangladesh

Trishal Upazila Health Complex, Trishal, Mymensingh District, Bangladesh

Additional Information

Related publications:

Sundar S, Jha TK, Thakur CP, Sinha PK, Bhattacharya SK. Injectable paromomycin for Visceral leishmaniasis in India. N Engl J Med. 2007 Jun 21;356(25):2571-81.

Kanyok TP, Killian AD, Rodvold KA, Danziger LH. Pharmacokinetics of intramuscularly administered aminosidine in healthy subjects. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1997 May;41(5):982-6.

Starting date: January 2011
Last updated: April 2, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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