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Brain Imaging Techniques That Predict Antidepressant Responsiveness

Information source: University of Wisconsin, Madison
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Major Depressive Disorder

Intervention: Venlafaxine ERT (Drug); Fluoxetine (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University of Wisconsin, Madison

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Gregory Kolden, Ph.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Wisconsin Madison Psychiatry Department
Michael Peterson, MD, Ph.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Wisconsin Madison Psychiatry Department


Do functional brain changes occur during Venlafaxine ER (extended release) versus Fluoxetine treatment and do changes in selective structures, such as the amygdala, predict treatment response?

Clinical Details

Official title: Non-Invasive Brain Imaging Techniques That Predict Antidepressant Responsiveness and Provide Insights Into the Mechanism of Action of Venlafaxine ER vs. Fluoxetine

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome:

Hamilton Depression (HAM-D) and Anxiety (HAM-A) Rating Scales

Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) Response to an Emotional Regulation Task.

Secondary outcome: Vitals

Detailed description: This is a single site, controlled, double-blind study of outpatients. There are two arms: 1. Forty participants who have a current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, text revised (DSM-IV-TR) diagnosis of Major Depression will be recruited. These subjects will be randomized to receive one of two antidepressant medications: Fluoxetine or Venlafaxine ER for the duration of the study. Subjects will gradually be titrated onto the medications and will be seen in the clinic up to 18 times for medication checks, to monitor side effects and depressive symptoms, including suicidal ideation. In the event of suicidal ideation, subjects will be withdrawn from the study and referred for immediate treatment. 2. Twenty normal control subjects with no current or past DSM-IV-TR diagnosis and will receive no medication. Normal control subjects will have up to 5 visits while in the study. Subjects will contact study staff to complete a phone screen and then eligible subjects will complete a clinic screen. Subjects will then be scheduled to attend the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) simulation visit and if subjects continue to meet entrance criteria, they will be scheduled for the first MRI. Following the first MRI, subjects in the medication conditions will begin receiving medication. All subjects will undergo 3 functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)s during the study: at the beginning of the study, approximately 8 weeks and 26 weeks later. During the MRI, subjects will view slides with positive and negative emotional content. Subjects will complete various clinical interviews or rating scales assessing mood and side effects at each of the visits.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 70 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Intervention Group:

- Right-handed,

- Be able to lie still on their back for about 120 minutes,

- Meet DSM-IV criteria for major depression (single or recurrent),

- Have had depressive symptoms for at least 1 month prior to screen visit,

- Must score an 18 or above on the Hamilton-D at both the initial screening visit

and first fMRI scanning session,

- Able to understand and speak English.

- Control Group: same as above with the exception of no diagnosis of psychiatric

disorder. Exclusion Criteria:

- Any history of seizures,

- Current medical disorders that might make interpretation of scan data difficult,

- Diabetes requiring insulin treatment,

- A serious heart disorder or subjects who have had a heart attack within the last 3


- Subjects who meet DSM-IV criteria for alcohol/drug abuse or dependence within the

last six months,

- Other current DSM-IV Axis I or Axis II diagnoses,

- A personal or family history of bipolar disorder,

- Current use of medication that affects central nervous system (CNS) function,

- Participation in the last 30 days in a clinical study involving an investigational


- A subject with metallic implants, such as prostheses, shrapnel or aneurysm clip-S, or

persons with electronic implants, such as cardiac pacemakers. The magnetic field generated by the MRI machine can cause a displacement or malfunctioning of these devices.

- A subject who is claustrophobic,

- Female subjects who are pregnant,

- A subject at serious risk for suicide,

- Diagnosis of cancer in the past 3 years and/or has active neoplastic disease,

- Nonresponse to 2 adequate trials of antidepressant treatment,

- Nonresponse to 2 adequate trials of an empirically supported psychotherapy.

Locations and Contacts

University of Wisconsin Madison Psychiatry Department, Madison, Wisconsin 53719, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: July 2002
Last updated: December 12, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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