DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more



RCT of a Written Action Plan vs. Usual Care in Children With Acute Asthma

Information source: McGill University Health Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Asthma

Intervention: Written Action Plan for Acute Asthma (Procedure)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: McGill University Health Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Francine M. Ducharme, MD, MSc, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: CHUS-Ste Justine Hospital

Summary

The objective of the proposed large, high-intensity, randomised controlled trial is to evaluate the real-life effectiveness of providing a written action plan to asthmatic children discharged from the emergency department (ED) or hospital on the short-term adherence to written recommendations (including medication, attendance to asthma education and medical follow-up). main outcome is adherence to prescribed inhaled preventive medication measured by an electronic counter. Secondary outcomes include attendance to asthma education and to medical follow-up, serving by pharmacy of prescription of oral steroids, as well as asthma control measured by questionnaire (Asthma Quiz for Kidz),2 use of rescue ß2-agonists, relapse to emergency room.

Clinical Details

Official title: Does the Use of a New Written Action Plan Increase Short-term Adherence to Prescribed Medication and Asthma Control in Children Treated for an Asthma Attack in the Emergency Department: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind

Primary outcome: Adherence rate to daily inhaled steroids, reported as the ratio of the sum of number of recorded over prescribed activation per day during the 28 days following the index visit.

Secondary outcome:

Proportion of children filling their prescription of oral steroids

Use of rescue B2-agonists measured by dose counter

Quality of life in children aged 7 years and older, measured by the Juniper Questionnaire

Quality of life of their parent, measured by the Juniper Questionnaire

Asthma control, measured by the Asthma Quiz for Kidz

Attendance to asthma education

Attendance to regular medical review

Return visit rate to the ED

Detailed description: The objective of the proposed large, high-intensity, randomised controlled trial is to evaluate the real-life effectiveness of providing a written action plan to asthmatic children discharged from the emergency department (ED) or hospital on the short-term adherence to written recommendations (including medication, attendance to asthma education and medical follow-up). Contrary to the traditional definition of a written action plan,1 i. e., a set of written instructions to follow in case of an exacerbation, we propose to test a new written action plan based on the innovative concept that emphasises the key elements associated with good asthma care: (1) use of preventive medication, (2) need for asthma education, (3) need for regular medical review, (4) environmental control and (5) instructions for use of rescue medication. The main outcome is adherence to prescribed inhaled preventive medication measured by an electronic counter. Secondary outcomes include attendance to asthma education and to medical follow-up, serving by pharmacy of prescription of oral steroids, as well as asthma control measured by questionnaire (Asthma Quiz for Kidz),2 use of rescue ß2-agonists, relapse to emergency room. Because of the recommended medical follow-up where primary care physicians may recommend a change in the preventive treatment initiated in hospital, only short-term outcomes occurring within 28 days of the index visit will be considered as associated with the use of the written action plan. We have purposely designed this trial to test the additional benefit of the intervention over the usual care, recognizing the heterogeneity in the amount of asthma information provided within the time constraints of the emergency room by our 90 physicians. To provide clinically meaningful and generalisable information, the eligibility criteria for study entry have been limited to the bare necessity to confirm the diagnosis of asthma. The randomisation will be stratified on age to reflect the target interlocutor of the written action plan, namely the parents for the 60% children aged < 6 years, the child and parent pair for the 40% children aged 7 to 12 years old, and the adolescents for the 10% patients aged 13-17 years old. We anticipate important variations in the characteristics of enrolled patients reflecting the real heterogeneity of the emergency department attendees, namely in the severity of baseline exacerbation (55% mild, 35% moderate, 10% severe), ownership of a written action plan (15%), prior asthma education (30%), use of daily preventive medicine (25%), etc, all of which may influence the adherence rate to the written action plan. To compensate this heterogeneity in patients' characteristics and provided instructions, the power of the trial to identify a clinically important difference in the main outcome has been set at 90% rather than the traditional 80%. The strength of the proposed study is clearly the assessment the real-life effectiveness of providing a new concept written action plan to a high-risk population to improve the main obstacles to good asthma control, namely adherence to preventive medication and attendance to asthma education and regular review.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 1 Year. Maximum age: 17 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: Children will be eligible, whether they are discharged from the ED or following a hospital admission, if: 1. aged 1 to 17 years;

2. presenting with acute asthma as per the 2003 Canadian Consensus Statement - The ED

physician will be responsible for confirming the diagnosis of asthma; 3. requiring at least one nebulisation of salbutamol; 4. the ED physician plans on prescribing the patient inhaled steroids and/or inhaled b2-agonists delivered by metered dose inhaler or continuing a previously prescribed inhaled steroid; 5. the patient intends to stay in the Province of Quebec in the next 45 days; 6. the patient (and their parents) have a good understanding of written and spoken French or English. Exclusion Criteria: Children will be excluded if they: 1. currently take asthma medications (ß2-agonist and/or inhaled steroids) using a turbuhaler or diskus, because these delivery devices cannot be fitted with Doser CT, a computerized electronic dose counter for metered dose inhalers; 2. have another chronic lung disease (other than asthma) such as cystic fibrosis or bronchopulmonary dysplasia; 3. have known hypersensitivity to inhaled salbutamol or fluticasone.

Locations and Contacts

Ste-Justine Hospital, Montréal, Quebec H3T 1C5, Canada
Additional Information

Starting date: October 2006
Last updated: March 25, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017