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The Role of Low Molecular Weight Heparins (LMWH) Combined With Transarterial Chemoembolization (TACE) in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Information source: Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Intervention: LMWH (Drug); TACE (Procedure)

Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Shen Feng, MD, Study Chair, Affiliation: Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital

Overall contact:
Kan Tong, MD, Phone: 86-21-81870774, Email: kanto168.888@vip.163.com


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major tumor type worldwide, especially in China as the sequence of hepatitis B and liver cirrhosis. Activation of the coagulation system occurs commonly in patients with malignancy. Several studies have suggested that anticoagulant therapy may improve survival in patients with malignancy. The low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) lend themselves to such studies because of their effects in experimental models of malignancy and the relative ease of administration compared with unfractionated heparin. The purpose of the present RCT was to determine whether addition of LMWH to transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) would improve HCC patient outcome compared with TACE alone.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Clinical Randomized Control Trial of Combination TACE With and Without Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: time-to-progression(TTP)

Secondary outcome:

The overall response rate

Overall survival (OS)

bleeding complication rate

Progression Free Survival (PFS)

Detailed description: 100 patients will be randomly assigned to receive either TACE alone or TACE plus LMWH. A block of every 4 participants and a stratified randomization according to portal vein cancer emboli will be used to restrict randomization. LMWH consisted of nadroparin Ca will be given at a dose of 4100 U twice daily during 6 weeks after TACE. The time to progression(TTP) and overall survival within two years will be used to evaluate the effect of LMWH on HCC.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 75 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Adults patients with a diagnosis of HCC which is not amenable to surgical resection, liver transplantation or local ablative therapy 2. Without metastasis out of liver 3. Patients must have at least one tumor lesion that meets both of the following criteria: 1. The lesion can be accurately measured in at least one dimension according to RECIST criteria 2. The lesion has not been previously treated with surgery, radiation therapy, radiofrequency ablation, percutaneous ethanol or acetic acid injection, or cryoablation. 4. ECOG performance status (PS) <2 5. No prior targeted antiangiogenic therapy. Metronomic chemotherapies are allowed. At least 4 weeks since prior systemic chemotherapy 6. Child-Pugh class A or B 7. No significant renal impairment (creatinine clearance < 30 mL/minute) or patients on dialysis 8. Ability to understand the protocol and to agree to and sign a written informed

consent document -

Exclusion Criteria: 1. HBSAg(-),AFP(-). 2. prothrombin time prolonged more than 4s. 3. blood platelets count less than 50000/L. 4. Renal failure requiring dialysis. 5. Child-Pugh class C hepatic impairment. 6. clinically significant gastrointestinal bleeding within 30 days prior to study entry. 7. History of organ allograft. 8. Substance abuse (current), psychological, or social conditions that may interfere with the patient's participation in the study or evaluation of the study results. 9. Known or suspected allergy to the investigational agents or any agent given in association with this trial. 10. Pregnant or breast-feeding patients.

Locations and Contacts

Kan Tong, MD, Phone: 86-21-81870774, Email: kanto168.888@vip.163.com

Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, ShangHai, Shanghai 200438, China; Recruiting
Kan Tong, MD, Phone: 86-21-81870774, Email: kanto168.888@vip.163.com
Yang Jia-mei, MD, Phone: 86-21-81870808, Email: Yang-jia-mei@163.com
Kan Tong, MD, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: December 2008
Last updated: January 21, 2009

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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