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Levothyroxine Treatment in Thyroid Benign Nodular Goiter

Information source: National Taiwan University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Thyroid Nodule

Intervention: Levothyroxin treatment (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: National Taiwan University Hospital

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Shyang-Rong Shi, M.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: National Taiwan University Hospital, Yun-Lin Branch


We will study the effect of taking eltroxin at different time, i. e. fasting or postprandial periods. We will also study the effect of levothyroxin treatment in Chinese people

Clinical Details

Official title: Levothyroxine Treatment in Thyroid Benign Nodular Goiter

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: The size of thyroid nodules

Detailed description:

OBJECTIVE - Current treatment of benign thyroid is oral levothyroxin by suppression of

thyrotropin secretion and so that tumor growth. Although current consensus is taking thyroxin one hour before meal because the PH value of gastrointestinal tract will affect drug absorption, some patient suffered from epigastric discomfort when taking thyroxin with empty stomach, and wish to take it postprandial. However, there is no direct evidence showing if taking thyroxin at different time point significantly affects treatment outcome. Besides, the response to thyroxin therapy differs among people. The purposes of this study are to evaluate the clinical significance of different time points of thyroxine intake and to search factors relating to thyroxin response of benign thyroid tumors.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - We will include patients who have benign thyroid tumors

diagnosed with fine needle aspiration cytology and have normal thyroid function into our study. After informed consent, patients will be randomly assigned into two groups. Patients in the first group will take thyroxin one hour before breakfast until thyrotropin level stabilized between 0. 5 and 1. 0 mU/L for 3 months. Then thyroxin will be discontinued. Patients will restart thyroxin therapy three months later but after breakfast. Patients in another group will take thyroxin postprandial, discontinue thyroxin and then one hour before breakfast. Questionnaire interviews about diet and life style, blood samples and fine needle aspiration cytology samples will be obtained. Changes of thyroid nodules will be evaluated with thyroid echo.

STATISTIC ANALYSIS - Descriptive data will be described as means and SDs for continuous

variables, and analysis of variance and Chi-square tests were used for assessing the significances. A p-value below 0. 05 was considered significant. Keywords: benign thyroid tumor, thyroxin, preprandial, postprandial.


Minimum age: 20 Years. Maximum age: 90 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. age between 20 to 90 years old

2. Benign nodular goiter diagnosed with thyroid echo and fine-needle - aspiration

cytology Exclusion Criteria: 1. Age younger than 20 or older than 90 years old 2. Pregnancy 3. Allergy to eltroxin 4. Taking other drugs which will have drug interaction with eltroxin 5. patients with cardiovascular disease, hypertension, gastrointestinal disease

Locations and Contacts

National Taiwan University Hospital, Dou-Liou city, Yun-Lin County, Taiwan
Additional Information

Starting date: October 2007
Last updated: December 21, 2010

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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