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Noradrenalin vs Terlipressin in Hepatorenal Syndrome

Information source: University of Turin, Italy
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Hepatorenal Syndrome

Intervention: Terlipressin (Drug); Noradrenalin (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University of Turin, Italy

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Mario Rizzetto, MD, Study Director, Affiliation: Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, San Giovanni Battista Hospital, Turin, Italy

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether noradrenalin is as effective and safe as terlipressin in the treatment of hepatorenal syndrome

Clinical Details

Official title: Noradrenalin vs Terlipressin in Patients With Hepatorenal Syndrome.A Prospective, Randomized Study

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Renal function at the beginning and at the end of therapy

Secondary outcome: Circulatory function

Detailed description: Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a major complication of cirrhosis; it is characterized by functional renal failure and poor prognosis. Arterial dilation is a key pathogenic event of HRS, leading to reduction of the effective blood volume, homeostatic activation of vasoactive systems and renal vasoconstriction with decrease in renal blood flow. The clinical signs of HRS vary depending on the clinical pattern. HRS type 1 is characterized by a rapidly progressive renal failure; HRS type 2 by a moderate and more stable renal failure. HRS type 1 has a very poor short term prognosis, with a median survival of only about 2 weeks; patients with HRS type 2 have a median survival of about 6 months. The management of HRS still constitutes a major challenge. Liver transplantation is the ideal treatment, but it has important inherent drawbacks, such as the organ shortage and the time needed to perform the transplant, that is too long to consent the survival of these patients. The management of HRS has focused on improving renal function, thus extending patients survival and allowing the performance of the liver transplant. In the last years, remarkable results have been obtained using vasoconstrictor drugs. By improving the effective blood volume, vasoconstrictors induce the suppression of homeostatic vasoactive systems and increase renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate. Among vasoconstrictors, terlipressin, a V1 vasopressin agonist, has currently the best efficacy pedigree. However, it is expensive and is not available in many countries, including North America. More recently, it was suggested that alpha-adrenergic drugs such noradrenalin and midodrine may be also effective in HRS. Noradrenalin would have the potential advantage of wider availability and of lower cost. The current prospective randomized study was undertaken to assess the efficacy and safety of noradrenalin vs terlipressin in patients with HRS.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 75 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Hepatorenal syndrome

- Age: 18-75 years

- Informed written consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Multinodular hepatocellular carcinoma (more than 3 nodules)

- Portal vein thrombosis

- Ongoing bacterial infection

- Ongoing or recent (less than one week) bleeding

- Cardio-pulmonary failure

- Coronary artery disease

- Peripheral artery disease

- Arterial hypertension

Locations and Contacts

San Giovanni Battista Hospital, Turin 10126, Italy
Additional Information

Related publications:

Ortega R, Ginès P, Uriz J, Cárdenas A, Calahorra B, De Las Heras D, Guevara M, Bataller R, Jiménez W, Arroyo V, Rodés J. Terlipressin therapy with and without albumin for patients with hepatorenal syndrome: results of a prospective, nonrandomized study. Hepatology. 2002 Oct;36(4 Pt 1):941-8.

Duvoux C, Zanditenas D, Hézode C, Chauvat A, Monin JL, Roudot-Thoraval F, Mallat A, Dhumeaux D. Effects of noradrenalin and albumin in patients with type I hepatorenal syndrome: a pilot study. Hepatology. 2002 Aug;36(2):374-80.

Starting date: September 2006
Last updated: April 9, 2008

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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