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Use of Forteo (Teriparatide) in Posterolateral Lumbar Spine Fusion

Information source: University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Lumbar Spondylosis; Lumbar Spondylolisthesis; Adult Degenerative Lumbar Scoliosis

Intervention: teriparatide (Biological)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: University of California, San Francisco

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Shane Burch, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of California, San Francisco
Carmen Li, Study Director, Affiliation: University of California, San Francisco

Overall contact:
Lori Justice, Phone: 415-476-1167, Email: JusticeL@orthosurg.ucsf.edu


The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of 12 weeks of daily treatment with teriparatide on spine fusion in adult patients who are undergoing multi-level posterolateral spine fusion surgery for degenerative conditions of the lumbar spine.

Clinical Details

Official title: Assessment of the Efficacy of Forteo (Teriparatide) in Patients Undergoing Posterolateral Lumbar Spinal Fusion

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Quality of spine fusion

Time to spine fusion

Secondary outcome:

Clinical outcome

Adverse effects

Detailed description: For patients undergoing spine fusion surgery, non-fusion (or pseudarthrosis) is one of the major complications that can lead to poor clinical outcomes. Therefore, treatments that promote or augment fusion are highly desirable. Teriparatide (Forteo, recombinant human parathyroid hormone [1-34]) is a systemically administered peptide hormone that is FDA-approved for the treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women or other populations at high risk for fracture. While teriparatide has been shown to enhance spinal fusion in several rodent and rabbit studies, no clinical studies to date have examined its effect on spinal fusion in humans. This single-site two-year prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study is designed to examine the effects of peri-operative teriparatide treatment in older adults undergoing multi-level posterolateral lumbar spine fusion. All eligible patients seen at the UCSF Spine Center will be invited to enroll in the study. Upon enrollment, patients will have screening labs drawn in conjunction with their routine pre-operative work-up, to include complete blood count (CBC), chemistry panel including calcium level, liver function tests (LFTs) including alkaline phosphatase, parathyroid hormone (PTH) level, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D level. If eligible after screening labs are completed, they will be scheduled for bone density (DEXA) scan and be randomized in a 2: 1 ratio to receive daily subcutaneous injections of teriparatide 20 ug/d or placebo. The total duration of treatment will be 12 weeks, with two weeks pre-operative and 10 weeks post-operative treatment. Patients will be scheduled to attend all standard post-operative follow-up clinic visits, which will be at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months after surgery. At 3 months post operative visit, patients will have lab drawn for calcium. At each follow-up visit, AP and lateral x-ray radiographs will be taken of the lumber spine to assess progression of bone healing and positioning of any hardware placed. Participants will be asked to complete a pain Visual Analog Score (VAS), European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D), and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) questionnaire at each visit for assessment of clinical outcomes. Thin-section helical CT scans of the lumbar spine will be taken at 12 months after surgery for definitive assessment of fusion. All radiographs will be evaluated by a blinded panel of three reviewers including a radiologist and a spine surgeon to assess primary outcome.


Minimum age: 60 Years. Maximum age: 90 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients aged 60-90 years with lumbar spondylosis, spondylolithesis, or adult

degenerative scoliosis, including disc pathology, stenosis, deformity, instability, or postdecompression revision, who are scheduled to undergo three-level or greater posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion.

- Willing and able to use a pen-type delivery system to administer daily subcutaneous

injections. Exclusion Criteria:

- Use of bone morphogenic protein (BMP) posterolaterally during the fusion procedure.

- Previous spinal fusion at the intended fusion levels.

- Prior use of Forteo (teriparatide).

- Use of digoxin.

- Paget's Disease of bone.

- History of primary skeletal malignancy, presence of bone metastases, or previous

skeletal exposure to therapeutic irradiation.

- Elevated serum calcium, serum PTH >70 pg/ml, 25-hydroxyvitamin D <12 ng/mL, or active

liver disease.

- History of symptomatic nephro- or urolithiasis in the past two years.

- History of malignant neoplasm in the past five years, except for superficial basal

cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma.

- Carcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix treated in the past year.

Locations and Contacts

Lori Justice, Phone: 415-476-1167, Email: JusticeL@orthosurg.ucsf.edu

UCSF Spine Center, San Francisco, California 94143, United States; Recruiting
Marilyn Banks, Phone: 415-353-4487, Email: Marilyn.Banks@ucsfmedctr.org
Carmen Li, Phone: 415-476-6184, Email: LiC@orthosurg.ucsf.edu
Christopher Ames, MD, Sub-Investigator
Sigurd Berven, MD, Sub-Investigator
Dean Chou, MD, Sub-Investigator
Shane Burch, MD, Principal Investigator
Vedat Deviren, MD, Sub-Investigator
Bobby Tay, MD, Sub-Investigator
Praveen Mummaneni, MD, Sub-Investigator
Philip Weinstein, MD, Sub-Investigator
Additional Information

UCSF Spine Center

Starting date: August 2011
Last updated: March 5, 2015

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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