DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more



Effects of Erythropoietin on Depressive Symptoms and Neurocognitive Deficits in Depression and Bipolar Disorder

Information source: Rigshospitalet, Denmark
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Mood Disorders

Intervention: Erythropoietin (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Lars Vedel Kessing, professor, MD, DMSc.

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Lars V Kessing, Professor, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Rigshospitalet, Denmark

Summary

Depression and bipolar disorder (mania and depression) may be related to problems with nerve cells not being regenerated as fast as normal and are accompanied by cognitive difficulties including memory, attention and planning problems. There is thus a need for better, more efficient treatments with effects on cognitive function. Erythropoietin (Epo) is involved in brain repair and may be a candidate for future treatment strategies. The investigators have demonstrated that a single dose of Epo improves mood and reduces the processing of negative emotional information in healthy volunteers similar to effects seen with antidepressants. With the current study the investigators aim to build upon this discovery by investigating whether repeated Epo administration has antidepressant effects and is able to reverse cognitive difficulties in patients with depression or bipolar disorder. It is hypothesized that Epo will improve mood in treatment-resistant depression and improve cognitive function in this group and in patients with bipolar disorder in remission. If the study reveals beneficial effects of Epo, this would highlight Epo as a candidate compound for future treatment of depression and bipolar disorder, with the potential to directly promote brain repair mechanisms.

Clinical Details

Official title: The Effects of Erythropoietin on Depressive Symptoms and Neurocognitive Deficits in Patients With Treatment Resistant Depression and in Patients With Remitted Bipolar Disorder - a Proof of Concept Study

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: a) For treatment-resistant depressed patients: Antidepressant effect measured with the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS); b) For bipolar patients in remission: Memory measured with the Rey Auditory Verbal Memory Test.

Secondary outcome: a) For treatment-resistant depressed patients: number of remissions measured with the HDRS; b) For bipolar patients in remission: sustained attention measured with the RVIP and facial expression recognition.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Treatment-resistant depression (defined as failure to respond to at least 2 different

types of antidepressants) and an HDRS score of at least 17 OR

- Bipolar disorder in remission (HDRS score of max 14 and Young Mania Scale score of

max 14) and subjective complaints of moderate to severe cognitive problems on the Massachusetts General Hospital Cognitive and Physical Functioning Questionnaire (CPFQ) (Fava et al 2006) (score at least 4 on at least 2 domains)

- Unchanged antidepressant or mood stabilizing treatment for at least 2 weeks prior to

and during the study Exclusion Criteria:

- Schizophrenia/ schizoaffective disorder

- Dependence on or abuse of drugs (including alcohol and benzodiazepines corresponding

to more than 22. 5 mg Oxazepam daily)

- Diabetes

- Renal failure

- Smoking

- Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to inclusion

- Previous Epo-treatment

- Known allergy or antibodies against Epo

- Present or past malignancies

- Epilepsy or epilepsy in first degree family Diagnosis (past or present) of a

cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease

- Untreated or not sufficiently treated arterial hypertension ("therapy-resistant

hypertension")

- Initial hematocrit > 50% (males) or > 48% (females)

- Initial platelet count above normal range of laboratory

- Initial reticulocyte count below norma range of laboratory

- Past thromboembolic events or thromboembolic events in first degree family (increased

thromboembolic risk)

- Contraindications against prophylactic thrombosis treatment

- Myeloproliferative disorder, polycythemia

- Present immunosuppressive treatment with cyclosporin

- Overweight (BMI > 30) or body weight of less than 45 kg or over 95 kg

- Acute suicidal risk, present or previous suicide attempts in the past 2 years

- Pregnancy or breast feeding

- Women who presently use contraceptive pills

- Sexually active women with child bearing potential who refuse to use double barrier

anticonception methods

- Unwillingness or inability to comply with the requirements of the protocol including

the presence of any condition (physical, mental, or social) that is likely to affect the subject's ability to comply with the protocol

- Present illness which in investigator's opinion could affect the patient's

participation in the study

Locations and Contacts

Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen 2200, Denmark
Additional Information

Starting date: September 2009
Last updated: November 8, 2012

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017