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Bioequivalence Evaluation of Two Film-Coated Formulations of Valsartan 160 mg

Information source: Dexa Medica Group
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Healthy

Intervention: Valsartan 160 mg film-coated caplets (test formulation) (Drug); Valsartan 160 mg film-coated caplets (reference formulation) (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Dexa Medica Group

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Effi Setiawati, MSc, Study Director, Affiliation: PT Equilab International


This was a randomized, single-blind, two-period, two sequence cross-over study under fasting condition, with a one-week wash-out period, to compare the pharmacokinetic profiles and bioavailability of two formulations (the test and reference) of valsartan 160 mg film-coated caplets.

Clinical Details

Official title: Bioequivalence Study of 160 mg Valsartan Film-coated Caplets Produced by PT Dexa Medica in Comparison With the Innovator Film-coated Tablets (DiovanŽ 160, Novartis Pharma AG)

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Bio-equivalence Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:




Secondary outcome:



Detailed description: In the first period, subjects received either the test formulation (160 mg valsartan film-coated caplets produced by PT Dexa Medica, Palembang, Indonesia) once daily, or the innovator film-coated tablets (DiovanŽ 160, Novartis Farmaceutica S. A., Barbera del Valles, Spain for Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland) once daily as the reference formulation. In the subsequent period, after a one-week wash-out period, they received the alternate drug. At the night before starting the study, subjects were instructed to fast from any food and drink but mineral water for 9 hours before the drug administration. In the morning after, at the dosing day, each of the 48 subjects then swallowed (without chewing) one dose of valsartan 160 mg of the test formulation or of the reference formulation, with 200 mL of water. As much as 5 mL of blood samples for drug assay were drawn again from each subject, at 0. 5, 1, 1. 5, 2, 2. 5, 3, 3. 5, 4, 6, 9, 12, 16, 24, 36, and 48 hours after dosing. The concentrations of valsartan in plasma were assayed using a validated high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detector (HPLC-FL) method. Pharmacokinetic parameters, including the area under the concentration-versus-time curve (AUC) from time zero to the time of last quatifiable concentration (48 hours after dosing) (AUC-t), AUC from time zero extrapolated to infinity (AUC-inf), maximum concentration (Cmax), time to reach the maximum concentration (tmax), and half-life (t1/2), were assessed in this study.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 55 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Male and female subjects with absence of significant disease or clinically significant abnormal laboratory values on laboratory evaluation, medical history or physical examination during screening.

2. Aged 18 - 55 years inclusive

3. Preferably non-smokers or smoke less than 10 cigarettes per day. 4. Able to participate, communicate well with the investigators and willing to provide written informed consent to participate in the study. 5. Body mass index within 18 to 25 kg/m2. 6. Vital signs (after 10 minutes rest) must be within the following ranges:

- Systolic blood pressure : 110 - 120 mm Hg

- Diastolic blood pressure : 70 - 80 mm Hg

- Pulse rate : 60 - 90 bpm

Exclusion Criteria: 1. Personal/family history of allergy or hypersensitivity or contraindication to valsartan or allied drugs. 2. Pregnant or lactating women (urinary pregnancy test will be applied to women subjects just before taking the study drug). 3. Any major illness in the past 90 days or clinically significant ongoing chronic medical illness e. g. congestive heart failure, hepatitis, hypotensive episodes, hyperglycemia, etc. 4. Presence of any clinically significant abnormal values during screening e. g. significant abnormality of liver function test (ALT, alkaline phosphatase, total bilirubin >= 1. 5 ULN), renal function test (serum creatinine concentration > 1. 4 mg/dL), etc. 5. Positive Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), anti-HCV, or anti-HIV. 6. Clinically significant haematology abnormalities. 7. Clinically significant electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities. 8. Any surgical or medical condition (present or history) which might significantly alter the absorption, distribution, metabolism or excretion of the study drug, e. g. gastrointestinal diseases including gastric or duodenal ulcers or history of gastric surgery. 9. Past history of anaphylaxis or angioedema. 10. History of drug or alcohol abuse within 12 months prior to screening for this study. 11. Participation in any clinical trial within the past 90 days calculated from the last visit. 12. History of any bleeding or coagulative disorders. 13. History of difficulty with donating blood or difficulty in accessibility of veins in left or right arm. 14. A donation or loss of 300 mL (or more) of blood within 3 months before this study's first dosing day. 15. Intake of any prescription or non-prescription drug, food supplement or herbal medicine within 14 days of this study's first dosing day.

Locations and Contacts

PT Equilab International, Jakarta 12430, Indonesia
Additional Information

Starting date: June 2013
Last updated: August 6, 2015

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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