Vaccine Therapy Plus Sargramostim and Chemotherapy in Treating Women With Stage II or Stage III Breast Cancer
Information source: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on June 20, 2008
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
Condition(s) targeted: Breast Cancer
Intervention: cyclophosphamide (Drug); doxorubicin hydrochloride (Drug); paclitaxel (Drug); recombinant fowlpox-CEA(6D)/TRICOM vaccine (Drug); recombinant vaccinia-CEA(6D)-TRICOM vaccine (Drug); sargramostim (Drug); radiation therapy (Procedure)
Phase: Phase 2
Sponsored by: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Philip M. Arlen, MD, Study Chair, Affiliation: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
RATIONALE: Vaccines made from a gene-modified virus may make the body build an immune
response to kill tumor cells. Colony-stimulating factors such as sargramostim may increase
the number of immune cells found in bone marrow or peripheral blood. Drugs used in
chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or
die. Combining vaccine therapy with sargramostim and chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: Randomized clinical trial to study the effectiveness of vaccine therapy plus
sargramostim and combination chemotherapy in treating women who have undergone surgery for
stage II or stage III breast cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes.
Official title: A Pilot Study Of Sequential Vaccinations With Recombinant Vaccinia-CEA(6D)-TRICOM, And Recombinant Fowlpox-CEA(6D)-TRICOM (B7.1/ICIAM-1/LFA-3) With Sargramostim (GM-CSF), In Conjunction With Standard Adjuvant Chemotherapy In High Risk Breast Cancer Patients Status Post Surgery With 4+ Or More Lymph Nodes And CEA Expressing Tumors
Study design: Treatment, Randomized, Active Control
- Compare the immunological effects of 2 different schedules of vaccinia-CEA-TRICOM
vaccine, fowlpox-CEA-TRICOM vaccine, and sargramostim (GM-CSF) administered with
standard adjuvant chemotherapy in women with high-risk stage II or III breast cancer.
- Compare the safety of these regimens in these patients.
- Determine the feasibility of obtaining determinations of CD4 response in patients
treated with these regimens.
- Compare disease-free survival of patients treated with these regimens.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Vaccinia-CEA-TRICOM: Beginning 2-3 weeks after surgery and before initiation of standard
adjuvant chemotherapy, all patients receive vaccinia-CEA-TRICOM vaccine subcutaneously
(SC) on day 1 and sargramostim (GM-CSF) SC on days 1-4 of week 1.
- Fowlpox-CEA-TRICOM: Patients are treated on 1 of the following schedules:
- Arm I: During chemotherapy, patients receive fowlpox-CEA-TRICOM vaccine SC on day 1
and GM-CSF SC on days 1-4 of weeks 2, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17, 20, and 23. After
chemotherapy, patients receive additional vaccinations on weeks 26, 38, and 50.
- Arm II: Prior to chemotherapy, patients receive fowlpox-CEA-TRICOM vaccine SC on
day 1 and GM-CSF SC on days 1-4 of week 2. After chemotherapy, patients receive
additional vaccinations on weeks 26, 38, and 50.
- Chemotherapy: Patients receive doxorubicin IV over 5-7 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV
over 30 minutes on day 1 of weeks 3, 6, 9, and 12. Patients then receive paclitaxel IV
over 3 hours on day 1 of weeks 15, 18, 21, and 24. Treatment continues in the absence of
disease progression (after at least 1 course of chemotherapy) or unacceptable toxicity.
- Radiotherapy: Patients undergo radiotherapy during weeks 26-32 in the absence of disease
Patients with hormone-receptor positive tumors receive oral tamoxifen for 5 years beginning
on approximately week 32.
Patients are followed every 6 months for 5 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 28 (14 per treatment arm) patients will be accrued for this
study within 18 months.
Minimum age: 18 Years.
Maximum age: N/A.
- Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast
- Stage II or III
- At least 4 positive lymph nodes
- No inflammatory ductal carcinoma
- No positive lymph nodes by immunohistochemistry only
- Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) expression, as indicated by 1 of the following:
- At least 30% of tumor stains for CEA on immunohistochemistry
- Elevated serum CEA (greater than 5 ng/mL) anytime during disease course
- Must be HLA-A2 positive
- Must have received prior vaccinia for smallpox immunization with 1 of the following as
- If age 25 and under, physician certification of prior vaccination
- If over age 25, patient recollection and vaccination-site scar
- Any age, detectable anti-vaccinia antibodies
- No metastases by CT scan of chest, abdomen, and pelvis and a bone scan
- Hormone receptor status:
- Estrogen receptor status and progesterone receptor status known
- 18 and over
- Not specified
- ECOG 0-1
- Not specified
- WBC at least 3,000/mm^3
- Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
- Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
- Bilirubin no greater than 1. 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
- SGOT and SGPT no greater than 1. 5 times ULN
- Hepatitis B and C negative
- Creatinine no greater than 1. 5 mg/dL OR
- Creatinine clearance greater than 60 mL/min
- No proteinuria OR
- Protein less than 1,000 mg per 24-hour urine collection
- No hematuria
- No abnormal sediment
- LVEF at least 45% by echocardiogram or MUGA if either of the following are true:
- History of cardiac disease
- Received prior cardiotoxic chemotherapy
- No evidence of immunocompromised status
- No autoimmune disease such as any of the following:
- Autoimmune neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, or hemolytic anemia
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
- Sjogren's syndrome
- Myasthenia gravis
- Goodpasture syndrome
- Addison's disease
- Hashimoto's thyroiditis
- Active Graves' disease
- No active or prior eczema or other eczematoid skin disorders
- No other acute, chronic, or exfoliative skin conditions (e. g., atopic dermatitis,
burns, impetigo, varicella zoster, severe acne, or other open rashes or wounds)
- HIV negative
- No active infection within the past 3 days
- No allergy to eggs
- No history of allergy or untoward reaction to prior vaccination with vaccinia virus
- Not pregnant or nursing
- Negative pregnancy test
- Fertile patients must use effective contraception
- No other serious illness
- No other malignancy within the past 3 years except squamous cell or basal cell skin
- No history of seizures, encephalitis, or multiple sclerosis
- No active inflammatory bowel disease
- Must be able to avoid close household contact with the following during and for 2
weeks after vaccinations:
- Persons with active or prior eczema or other eczematoid skin disorders
- Persons with any other acute, chronic, or exfoliative skin conditions (e. g.,
atopic dermatitis, burns, impetigo, varicella zoster, severe acne, or other open
rashes or wounds)
- Pregnant or nursing women
- Children under 5 years old
- Immunodeficient or immunosuppressed persons (by disease or therapy), including
those with HIV infection
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:
- See Disease Characteristics
- No prior doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, or paclitaxel
- No concurrent steroids except the following:
- Topical steroids
- Inhaled steroids for moderate asthma
- Dexamethasone prior to taxanes
- No prior radiotherapy to more than 50% of the lymph nodes
- At least 2 weeks since prior surgery and recovered
- No prior splenectomy
- No other concurrent anti-tumor therapies
Locations and Contacts
Center for Cancer Research, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, United States
Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Studies Support, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-1182, United States
Clinical trial summary from the National Cancer Institute's PDQ® database
Starting date: September 2002
Last updated: May 23, 2008