DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Antibiotics for Klebsiella Liver Abscess Study

Information source: National University Hospital, Singapore
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Liver Abscess, Pyogenic

Intervention: Ciprofloxacin (Drug); Ceftriaxone (Drug); Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Drug); Ertapenem (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: National University Hospital, Singapore

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Sophia Archuleta, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: National University Hospital, Singapore


Background: Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess is the most common etiology of liver abscess in Singapore and much of Asia, and its incidence is increasing. Current management includes prolonged intravenous antibiotic therapy, but there is limited evidence to guide oral conversion. The implicated K1/K2 capsule strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae is almost universally susceptible to ciprofloxacin, an antibiotic with high oral bioavailability. Our primary aim is to compare the efficacy of early (<1 week) step-down to oral antibiotics, to continuing 4 weeks of intravenous antibiotics, in patients with Klebsiella liver abscess. Methods/Design: The study is designed as a multi-centre randomised open-label active comparator-controlled non-inferiority trial, with a non-inferiority margin of 12%. Eligible participants will be inpatients over the age of 21 with a CT or ultrasound scan suggestive of a liver abscess, and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from abscess fluid or blood. Randomisation into intervention or active control arms will be performed with a 1: 1 allocation ratio. Participants randomised to the active control arm will receive IV ceftriaxone 2 grams daily to complete a total of 4 weeks of IV antibiotics. Participants randomised to the intervention arm will be immediately converted to oral ciprofloxacin 750mg twice daily. At week 4, all participants will have abdominal imaging and be assessed for clinical response (CRP <20 mg/l, absence of fever, plus scan showing that the maximal diameter of the abscess has reduced). If criteria are met, antibiotics are stopped; if not, oral antibiotics are continued, with reassessment for clinical response fortnightly. If criteria for clinical response are met by week 12, the primary endpoint of clinical cure is met. A cost analysis will be performed to assess the cost saving of early conversion to oral antibiotics, and a quality-of-life analysis will be performed to assess if treatment with oral antibiotics is less burdensome than prolonged IV antibiotics. Discussion: Our results would help inform local and international practice guidelines regarding the optimal antibiotic management of Klebsiella liver abscess. A finding of non-inferiority may translate to the wider adoption of a more cost-effective strategy that reduces hospital length of stay and improves patient-centered outcomes and satisfaction.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Multi-centre Randomised Open-label Active Comparator-controlled Non-inferiority Trial Comparing Oral to Intravenous Antibiotics in the Early Management of Klebsiella Pneumoniae Liver Abscess

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Clinical cure

Secondary outcome: Clinical response


Minimum age: 21 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria 1. Inpatient at time of enrollment 2. Age >= 21 years 3. Computed tomography (CT) or ultrasound (US) within the preceding 7 days suggestive of a liver abscess, as defined by presence of one or more focal areas of hypo- or hyper-attenuation within the liver 4. Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from abscess fluid or blood collected within the preceding 7 days 5. Able and willing to give informed consent Exclusion Criteria All subjects meeting any of the following exclusion criteria at baseline will be excluded from participation:

1) Polymicrobial abscess - additional organisms isolated from blood or abscess fluid

within the preceding 7 days 2a) Klebsiella pneumoniae resistant to Ceftriaxone AND Ertapenem 2b) Klebsiella pneumoniae resistant to Ciprofloxacin AND Cotrimoxazole 3) On effective* IV antibiotics > 7 days 4a) Hypersensitivity to cephalosporins AND carbapenems; as defined by history of rash, urticaria, angiodema, bronchospasm or circulatory collapse following prior administration. 4b) Hypersensitivity to fluoroquinolones AND sulpha drugs; as defined by history of rash, urticaria, angioedema, bronchospasm or circulatory collapse following prior administration. 4c) History of penicillin anaphylaxis (angioedema, bronchospasm or circulatory collapse). Subjects with a history of only rash or urticaria or unknown reaction to penicillin can be included. 5) Inability to take oral medications for any reason 6) Severe sepsis or septic shock defined as unresolved hypotension (MAP<70) or tachycardia (HR>110), or requirement of inotropic support or ventilation at time of eligibility. Should the subject's hypotension or tachycardia subsequently resolve, and they cease to require inotropes and ventilation within 7 days, they may be reconsidered for eligibility. 7) Established endophthalmitis at time of screening (patients with visual symptoms should have ophthalmology review prior to enrollment) 8) Established central nervous system abscess at time of screening (patients with focal neurology should have CT head prior to enrollment) 9) Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding 10) Inability to obtain consent from subject 11) Patients on tizanidine or theophylline 12) Patients on concomitant drugs that can result in prolongation of the QT interval (e. g., class IA or class III antiarrhythmics) or with risk factors for torsade de pointes (e. g., known QT prolongation, uncorrected hypokalemia) 13) Patients whose K. pneumoniae tests resistant to ciprofloxacin, and those with contraindications to ciprofloxacin will be tested for G6PD deficiency, and excluded if deficient 14) Severe immunocompromise (e. g., active leukemia or lymphoma, generalized malignancy, aplastic anemia, solid organ transplant, bone marrow transplant within 2 years of transplantation, or transplants of longer duration still on immunosuppressive drugs or with graft-versus-host disease, congenital immunodeficiency, current radiation therapy, HIV/AIDS with CD4 lymphocyte count <200 and patients or on immunosuppressant medications) 15) Creatinine clearance <15 ml/min *defined as antibiotics to which the Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate in blood or abscess fluid is susceptible

Locations and Contacts

National University Hospital, Singapore, Singapore; Recruiting
Sophia Archuleta, Email: sophia@nus.edu.sg

Singapore General Hospital, Singapore, Singapore; Not yet recruiting
Phone: Thuan Tong Tan, Email: tan.thuan.tong@sgh.com.sg

Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, Singapore; Recruiting
David Lye, Email: david_lye@ttsh.com.sg

Additional Information

Related publications:

Molton J, Phillips R, Gandhi M, Yoong J, Lye D, Tan TT, Fisher D, Archuleta S. Oral versus intravenous antibiotics for patients with Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2013 Oct 31;14:364. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-14-364.

Starting date: November 2013
Last updated: December 2, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017