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Safety, Tolerability, and Blood Levels of Ritonavir-Boosted Atazanavir and Rifampin When Taken Together in HIV Uninfected Adults

Information source: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: HIV Infections; Tuberculosis

Intervention: Atazanavir (Drug); Rifampin (Drug); Ritonavir (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
David W. Haas, MD, Study Chair, Affiliation: Infectious Diseases, Vanderbilt University Medical Center


Rifampin (RIF) is used for the treatment of tuberculosis (TB), an infectious disease that affects many people with HIV. RIF was shown to lower concentrations and decrease the effectiveness of some anti-HIV drugs, including the HIV protease inhibitor (PI) atazanavir (ATV) boosted with ritonavir (RTV). The purpose of this study is to determine the interactions between RTV-boosted ATV and evaluate the safety and tolerability of giving these drugs together in HIV uninfected adults.

Clinical Details

Official title: Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetic Interactions of Atazanavir and Rifampin in Healthy Volunteers

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Pharmacokinetic parameters of ritonavir (RTV)-boosted ATV when administered concurrently with RIF

Safety and tolerability of RTV-boosted ATV when coadministered with RIF

Secondary outcome:

Pharmacokinetics of RIF

Copy number of cellular drug transporter RNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)

UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT)-1A1 genotype

Serum bilirubin concentration

urine thromboxane and prostacyclin concentrations

Detailed description: TB is common in resource-limited countries, and people infected with HIV are especially at risk for TB infection. The antituberculous drug RIF lowers plasma concentrations of PIs by increasing the activity of enzymes responsible for PI breakdown. RIF has been shown to reduce PI effectiveness, a particular concern for HIV infected patients who are also being treated for TB. RTV has been shown to delay the plasma clearance of ATV and increase the plasma half-life of ATV. This study will evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic (PK) interactions of RTV-boosted ATV, taken concurrently with RIF in HIV uninfected people. Medical and medication history, a complete physical exam, blood collection, and an electrocardiogram (ECG) will occur at screening. Participants will be enrolled in this study for 41 to 58 days; there will be 3 dosing periods. From Days 1 to 8, participants will receive 600 mg RIF every 24 hours. From Days 9 to 19, participants will receive 300 mg ATV and 100 mg RTV every 12 hours and 600 mg RIF every 24 hours. From Days 20 to 27, participants will receive 400 mg ATV and 100 mg RTV every 12 hours and 600 mg RIF every 24 hours. Study visits will occur at entry; at Days 5, 8, 11, 14, 19, 23, and 27; and at an additional visit between Days 41 and 48. Blood and urine collection will occur at all visits. A targeted physical exam, an ECG, and blood collection for PK analysis will occur at Days 8, 19, and 27.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 55 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Note: As of 11/27/06, enrollment into Version 1. 0 of the study is now closed. Any new study participants will enroll under Version 2. 0. Inclusion Criteria:

- HIV uninfected

- Normal creatinine clearance

- Willing to use acceptable means of contraception during the study and for at least 6

weeks after stopping study medications Exclusion Criteria:

- Using or anticipating use of certain medications, including any medication

metabolized by CYP3A

- Active drug use or dependence that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere

with the study

- Cannot stop consuming alcoholic beverages, grapefruit, or grapefruit juice for the

duration of the study

- Cannot stop consuming coffee or caffeine-containing products for 12 hours prior to

Day 8, 19, and 27 PK studies

- Serious illness that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with the


- Hospitalization for any reason within 14 days prior to study entry

- History of hypersensitivity to study drugs or their formulations

- Active or previous history of cardiovascular, kidney, liver, blood, neurologic,

gastrointestinal, psychiatric, endocrine, or immunologic disease. Patients with chronic illnesses such as hypertension, coronary heart disease, arthritis, diabetes, or chronic gastrointestinal conditions that may affect drug absorption are also excluded.

- ECG showing first-degree or greater heart block or a QT interval greater than 440

msec within 30 days of study entry

- Previous participation in this study

- Pregnancy or breastfeeding

Locations and Contacts

Stanford CRS, Palo Alto, California 94305-5107, United States

The Ohio State Univ. AIDS CRS, Columbus, Ohio 43210, United States

Vanderbilt Therapeutics CRS, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, United States

Additional Information

Click here for more information on atazanavir

Click here for more information on rifampin

Click here for information on ritonavir

Haga clic aquí para ver información sobre este ensayo clínico en español.

Related publications:

Finch CK, Chrisman CR, Baciewicz AM, Self TH. Rifampin and rifabutin drug interactions: an update. Arch Intern Med. 2002 May 13;162(9):985-92. Review.

Fujiwara PI, Clevenbergh P, Dlodlo RA. Management of adults living with HIV/AIDS in low-income, high-burden settings, with special reference to persons with tuberculosis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005 Sep;9(9):946-58. Review.

Kashuba AD. Drug-drug interactions and the pharmacotherapy of HIV infection. Top HIV Med. 2005 Jun-Jul;13(2):64-9. Review.

Musial BL, Chojnacki JK, Coleman CI. Atazanavir: a new protease inhibitor to treat HIV infection. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2004 Jul 1;61(13):1365-74. Review. Erratum in: Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2004 Nov 1;61(21):2243.

Orrick JJ, Steinhart CR. Atazanavir. Ann Pharmacother. 2004 Oct;38(10):1664-74. Epub 2004 Sep 7. Review.

Last updated: May 17, 2012

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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