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Quetiapine in the Treatment of Postpartum Depression (PPD) in Bipolar Disorder (BD), Type II

Information source: BC Women's Hospital & Health Centre
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Postpartum Depression

Intervention: Quetiapine XR (seroquel) (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: BC Women's Hospital & Health Centre

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Shaila Misri, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of British Columbia


This is a 9-week single-centre, open-label, dose-escalating study evaluating the efficacy and safety of Quetiapine XR given as monotherapy in the treatment of non-lactating, post-partum women diagnosed with Bipolar II Disorder. Subjects will need to visit the study doctor up to 8 times over a period of 9 weeks. During the study period, subjects will be receiving a treatment with Quetiapine XR. The starting dose of quetiapine that subjects will receive is 50mg. The response to the treatment of quetiapine will determine whether the study doctor will increase the dosage of the subject's quetiapine. If the study doctor increases the quetiapine during the study, the maximum dosage allowable during the study is 300mg.

Clinical Details

Official title: An Open Label Dose Titration Study of Quetiapine XR in the Treatment of Postpartum Depression in Nonlactating Women Diagnosed With Bipolar Disorder (BD), Type II.

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: The primary efficacy assessment will be total score on the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS).

Secondary outcome:

To evaluate if Quetiapine XR improves the health relate quality of life of postpartum depression in non-lactating women with Bipolar II Disorder

To evaluate if Quetiapine XR improves satisfaction with medication in postpartum depression in non-lactating women with Bipolar II Disorder.

To evaluate if Quetiapine XR improves sleep quality in postpartum depression in non-lactating women with Bipolar II Disorder.

Detailed description: This study will help clinicians increase their awareness of the existence of Bipolar II Disorder in the perinatal population and provide guidance in terms of appropriate treatment. Since this diagnosis in the postpartum population is done by elimination, this study will provide evidence of the merits of identifying and treating this order on time. When selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) fail for symptom relief in women diagnosed with unipolar depression, postpartum onset, clinicians tend to either augment or combine a variety of psychotropic medications for treatment response. It is probably likely that these patients are Bipolar II Disorder who continue to cycle through the treatment. Adding an atypical antipsychotic is often an afterthought. Therefore, the unique aspects of treating this specific population right at the outset when a diagnosis of mood disorders is made is optimal. Clinicians not only need to actively consider bipolar type II in their differential diagnosis, but also to initiate treatment as soon as possible to relieve further suffering. This study will help diagnose postpartum Bipolar II Disorder and test the unique action of quetiapine with its mood stabilizing and antidepressant properties. Hypothesis: Quetiapine XR will be effective in the treatment of postpartum depression in women with Bipolar II Disorder.


Minimum age: 19 Years. Maximum age: 40 Years. Gender(s): Female.


Inclusion Criteria:

- signed informed consent;

- women, 19 - 40 years;

- meets Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV)

criteria of Bipolar II Disorder (confirmed by Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI));

- Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) (17-item) total score of > 22 and HAM-D item

1 (depressed mood) score of >2 at Visit 1 (enrolment) & Visit 2;

- negative serum pregnancy test at enrolment, use reliable method of birth control

(i. e. barrier method, oral contraceptive, implant, dermal contraception, long-term injectable contraceptive, intrauterine device, or tubal ligation) during study;

- understand and comply with requirements of study

- outpatient status at enrolment.

Exclusion Criteria:

- DSM-IV Axis I disorder other than Bipolar II Disorder within 6 months of enrolment;

- diagnosis of DSM-IV Axis II disorder which has a major impact on the patient's

current psychiatric status;

- substance or alcohol abuse or dependence within 6 months prior to enrolment (except

dependence in full remission, and except for caffeine or nicotine dependence), as defined in DSM-IV criteria;

- Opiates, amphetamine, barbiturate, cocaine, cannabis, or hallucinogen abuse by DSM-IV

criteria within 4 weeks prior to enrolment;

- use of drugs that induce or inhibit the hepatic metabolizing cytochrome P450 3A4

enzymes within 2 weeks prior to Visit 2;

- pregnancy or lactation;

- evidence of clinically relevant disease, e. g., renal or hepatic impairment,

significant coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, viral hepatitis B or C, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS);

- clinical finding that is unstable or inadequately treated, (e. g., hypertension,

poorly controlled diabetes, unstable angina) or that would be negatively affected by the study medication or affect the study medication;

- medical conditions that would affect absorption, distribution, metabolism, or

excretion of study medication (e. g., malabsorption syndrome, liver disease);

- current diagnosis of cancer (except basal or squamous cell skin carcinoma) unless in

remission for at least 5 years;

- current or past diagnosis of stroke or Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIA);

- history of seizure disorder, except febrile convulsions;

- receipt of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) within 90 days prior to Visit 2;

- use of antipsychotic, mood stabilizer, or antidepressant drugs within 7 days before

Visit 2, or use of fluoxetine within 28 days before Visit 2, or use of monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), anxiolytic or hypnotics within 14 days before Visit 2 (with the exception of those allowed with restriction per protocol), or use of a depot antipsychotic injection within 2 dosing interval before Visit 2;

- subjects who will require psychotherapy (other than supportive psychotherapy) during

the study period, unless psychotherapy has been ongoing for a minimum of 3 months prior to Visit 2;

- subjects who pose a current serious suicidal or homicidal risk, have a HAM-D item 3

score of 3 or greater, or have made a suicide attempt within the past 6 months;

- a patient with Diabetes Mellitus (DM) fulfilling specific criteria as judged by the

investigator that would make her unable to participate;

- clinically significant deviation from the reference range in clinical laboratory test

results as judged by the investigator;

- an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) of <1. 5 x 109 per liter;

- a thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration more than 10% above the upper limit

of the normal range of the laboratory used for sample analysis at enrolment, whether or not the patient is being treated for hypothyroidism;

- liver function tests aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase

(ALT) three times the upper normal limit;

- Electrocardiogram (ECG) results considered being clinically significant based on

assessment by a centrally located experienced cardiologist interpreting the ECG;

- use of quetiapine in doses greater than 25mg/day for insomnia within 7 days before

Visit 2;

- known history of intolerance or hypersensitivity to quetiapine;

- known lack of response to quetiapine in the treatment of depression in a dosage of at

least 50 mg per day for 4 weeks (at any time before study start);

- treatment with quetiapine with a dosage of at least 50 mg/day at Visit 1 (enrolment);

- contraindications as detailed in the country-specific prescribing information for


- involvement in the planning and conduct of the study;

- previous enrolment in any AstraZeneca-sponsored study with quetiapine;

- participation in another clinical study or compassionate use programme within 4 weeks

of Visit 2 or longer in accordance with local requirements.

Locations and Contacts

BC Women's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia V6H 3N1, Canada
Additional Information

Starting date: April 2008
Last updated: February 9, 2012

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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