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Prevention of Congenital Toxoplasmosis With Pyrimethamine + Sulfadiazine Versus Spiramycine During Pregnancy

Information source: Assistance Publique - H˘pitaux de Paris
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Congenital Toxoplasmosis

Intervention: Pyrimethamine/Sulfadiazine (Drug); Spiramycine (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Assistance Publique - H˘pitaux de Paris

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Laurent Mandelbrot, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Assistance Publique - H├┤pitaux de Paris

Overall contact:
Laurent Mandelbrot, MD, Phone: +33 (0) 1 47 60 63 39, Email: laurent.mandelbrot@lmr.aphp.fr

Summary

Background : When a mother contracts toxoplasmosis during pregnancy, the parasite may be transmitted from to her unborn child. This results in congenital toxoplasmosis, which may cause damage to the eyes and nervous system of the child. To date, no method has been proved effective to prevent this transmission. In France, spiramycin is usually prescribed to women who have toxoplasma seroconversion in pregnancy, however its efficacy has not been determined. The standard treatment for toxoplasmosis is the combination of the antiparasitic drugs pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine, but this strategy has not been evaluated for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission. Purpose : Randomized phase 3 trial to determine whether pyrimethamine + sulfadiazine is more effective than spiramycin to prevent congenital toxoplasmosis.

Clinical Details

Official title: Multicenter, Randomized Clinical Trial to Compare the Efficacy and Tolerance of Prenatal Therapy With Pyrimethamine + Sulfadiazine vs Spiramycine to Reduce Vertical Transmission of Toxoplasma Gondii Following Primary Infection in Pregnancy

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Rate of mother-to-child transmission

Secondary outcome: Secondary Outcome Measure

Detailed description: The protocol is a comparison of 2 strategies to prevent mother-to-child transmission of T. gondii following maternal seroconversion. Screening for toxoplasmosis is mandatory in France. Patients with confirmed seroconversion will be eligible for the trial, after 14 weeks gestational age. Participants will be randomly allocated to one of the treatment groups, and will receive open-label pyrimethamine + sulfadiazine or spiramycin. The protocol will not change the usual procedures for prenatal diagnosis, nor will it change the management of infected fetuses and neonates.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Female.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- > 18 years old

- Toxoplasmosis infection acquired during the pregnancy documented by at least one

negative serology in the first trimester and seroconversion with presence of specific IgG antibodies

- Gestational age > 14 weeks from last menstrual period

- Signature of informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Lack of a documented negative serology during the pregnancy

- Antiparasitic therapy with spiramycin, pyrimethamine or sulfa drugs for more than 10

days after seroconversion and before randomization,

- Known allergy to any of the study drugs, serious allergic conditions or G6PD

deficiency,

- Known hepatic or renal insufficiency,

- Other ongoing severe conditions in mother or fetus

- Lack of public health insurance

Locations and Contacts

Laurent Mandelbrot, MD, Phone: +33 (0) 1 47 60 63 39, Email: laurent.mandelbrot@lmr.aphp.fr

H├┤pital Louis Mourier, Colombes, Hauts-de-Saine 92700, France; Recruiting
Laurent Mandelbrot, MD, Phone: +33 (0) 1 47 60 63 39, Email: laurent.mandelbrot@lmr.aphp.fr
Additional Information

Starting date: November 2010
Last updated: November 7, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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