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Sunitinib Malate in Treating HIV-Positive Patients With Cancer Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy

Information source: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Accelerated Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Multilineage Dysplasia Following Myelodysplastic Syndrome; Acute Undifferentiated Leukemia; Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(15;17)(q22;q12); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22); Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Adult Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis; Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Aggressive NK-cell Leukemia; AIDS-related Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; AIDS-related Malignancies; AIDS-related Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Atypical Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, BCR-ABL1 Negative; Chronic Eosinophilic Leukemia; Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia; Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia; Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Essential Thrombocythemia; Extramedullary Plasmacytoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; HIV Infection; HIV-associated Hodgkin Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Isolated Plasmacytoma of Bone; Light Chain Deposition Disease; Mast Cell Leukemia; Myelodysplastic Syndrome With Isolated Del(5q); Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Unclassifiable; Myeloid/NK-cell Acute Leukemia; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma; Osteolytic Lesions of Multiple Myeloma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Plasma Cell Neoplasm; Polycythemia Vera; Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Primary Myelofibrosis; Primary Systemic Amyloidosis; Progressive Hairy Cell Leukemia, Initial Treatment; Prolymphocytic Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Renal Cell Cancer; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Refractory Multiple Myeloma; Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Stage IV Renal Cell Cancer; T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia; Testicular Lymphoma; Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

Intervention: sunitinib malate (Drug); pharmacological study (Other); laboratory biomarker analysis (Other)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
John Deeken, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: AIDS Associated Malignancies Clinical Trials Consortium


This phase I trial studies the side effects and the best dose of sunitinib malate in treating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients with cancer receiving antiretroviral therapy. Sunitinib malate may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase 1/Pharmacokinetic Study of Sunitinib in Patients With Cancer Who Also Have HIV and Are on HAART Therapy

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Grades 3, 4, and 5, treatment-related adverse events, graded according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) CTCAE version 3.0

Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) defined as an adverse event that is possibly related to the study medication, graded according to the NCI CTCAE version 3.0

Secondary outcome:

Evaluation of response

Antiretroviral drug pharmacokinetics due to sunitinib malate

Alterations in immune parameters, including total leukocyte count, CD4, and viral load

Detailed description: PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine the safety and to investigate the pharmacological interactions of administering sunitinib (sunitinib malate) in subjects with cancer who are also HIV positive on anti-retroviral regimens containing protease inhibitors and/or non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate the efficacy of sunitinib in treating non-acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) defining cancers (NADCs) in these subjects. II. To detect alterations in antiretroviral drug pharmacokinetics due to sunitinib. III. To detect alterations in immune parameters, including total leukocyte count, cluster of differentiation (CD) 4 and viral load, during sunitinib therapy. IV. To correlate variations in genes involved in sunitinib absorption, metabolism, and elimination, including cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4), cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 5 (CYP3A5), ATP-binding cassette, sub-family B (MDR/TAP), member 1 (ABCB1), and breast cancer resistance protein (ABCG2), with drug pharmacokinetics. V. To explore the potential for pharmacological interactions between sunitinib and newer antiretroviral agents such as integrase and chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 5 (gene/pseudogene) (CCR5) inhibitors. OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study. Patients receive sunitinib malate orally (PO) daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Biopsy-proven solid tumor or hematological malignancy, including:

- Metastatic renal cell carcinoma

- A solid tumor malignancy, including an NADC or an AIDS-defining malignancy, if

the subject has progressed following standard therapy and/or other curative options are not available

- A hematologic malignancy, except for blast-phase leukemia, for which effective

standard therapy or other curative options are not available

- Serologic documentation of HIV infection at any time prior to study entry, as

evidenced by positive enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), positive western blotting (Western Blot), or other federally approved licensed HIV test, or a detectable blood level of HIV ribonucleic acid (RNA), or a positive anti-HIV antibody test

- On stable anti-retroviral therapy for at least 4 weeks with a protease inhibitor

(PI)-based or non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-based regimen of at least three drugs, with no intention to change the regimen within 8 weeks after starting study drug

- Patients who are on NNRTI and ritonavir PI-based therapy are eligible and will

be enrolled in the ritonavir PI-based group (Group 3)

- Patients who are on NNRTI and non-ritonavir PI-based therapy are eligible and

will be enrolled in the non-ritonavir PI-based group (Group 2); NOTE: accrual to Group 2 will be closed upon approval of version 7. 0 of the protocol

- Patients who are on a highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) combination

that includes neither a PI nor a NNRTI agent are eligible and will be enrolled in the NNRTI-based group (Group 1)

- CD4 count > 50 cells/uL

- Karnofsky performance status > 60%

- Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within 7 days

before initiation of study drug dosing; post menopausal women must be amenorrheic for at least 12 months to be considered of non-childbearing potential; male and female subjects of reproductive potential must agree to employ an effective barrier method of birth control throughout the study and for up to 3 months following discontinuation of study drug; (Note: a woman of childbearing potential is one who is biologically capable of becoming pregnant; this includes women who are using contraceptives or whose sexual partners are either sterile or using contraceptives)

- Hemoglobin >= 8. 0 gm/dL

- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500 cells/mm^3

- Platelet count >= 100,000 /mm^3

- Creatinine within institutional normal limits or glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >

60 mL/min/m^2 (calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault equation), calculated as follows:

- For males = (140 - age[years]) x (body weight [kg])/ (72) x (serum creatinine


- For females = 0. 85 x male value

- Total bilirubin should be =< 1. 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN); if, however, the

elevated bilirubin is felt to be secondary to indinavir therapy, then subjects will be allowed on protocol if total bilirubin =< 3. 5 mg/dL, provided that the direct bilirubin is =< 1. 5 times ULN; if the elevated bilirubin is felt to be secondary to atazanavir therapy, then subjects will be allowed on protocol without any limit on the total bilirubin if the direct bilirubin is =< 1. 5 times ULN

- Aspartate transaminase AST (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and

alanine aminotransferase ALT (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) < 2. 5 times the ULN; unless subjects have liver metastases, in which case both AST and ALT must be =< 5 times ULN

- Life expectancy of 3 months or more

- Ability and willingness to give informed consent

- Subjects must in the opinion of the Investigator be capable of complying with this

protocol Exclusion Criteria:

- Concurrent active opportunistic infection (OI)

- Acute treatment for an infection or other serious medical illness within 14 days

prior to study entry

- Receipt of antineoplastic therapy, including investigational drug or standard

treatment, within 2 weeks of study entry; must be able to demonstrate adequate recovery from prior therapy-related toxicities

- Major surgery or radiation within 3 weeks prior to study entry

- Concurrent treatment with medications, other than antiretroviral drugs used to treat

HIV infection, that are known to inhibit or induce CYP3A4

- Gastrointestinal tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication or a

requirement for intravenous (IV) alimentation, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, or active peptic ulcer disease

- Clinically significant cardiovascular disease, including uncontrolled hypertension

(diastolic blood pressure >= 100 mmHg despite optimal medical therapy) or unstable angina

- A myocardial infarction, severe/unstable angina, coronary/peripheral artery bypass

graft, cerebrovascular accident, transient ischemic attack, or pulmonary embolism within 6 months of study entry

- Abnormal left ventricular ejection fraction per institutional standards

- Ongoing ventricular cardiac dysrhythmias of National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common

Terminology Criteria for Adverse Event (CTCAE) grade >= 2

- Subjects with a history of serious ventricular arrhythmia (ventricular tachycardia

[VT] or ventricular fibrillation [VF] >= 3 beats in a row)

- Serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication

- QTc interval > 500 msec

- Psychiatric illness that would limit compliance with study requirements

- Pre-existing thyroid abnormality that cannot be maintained with medication to keep

measures of thyroid stimulating hormone within the normal range

- Female subjects who are pregnant or breast-feeding

- Another severe and/or life-threatening medical disease

Locations and Contacts

Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, California 90095, United States

Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center at Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia 20057, United States

Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, United States

AIDS - Associated Malignancies Clinical Trials Consortium, Rockville, Maryland 20850, United States

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, United States

Washington University - Jewish, Saint Loius, Missouri 63110, United States

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, United States

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10065, United States

Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United States

Abramson Cancer Center of The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, United States

Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 98101, United States

Additional Information

Starting date: August 2009
Last updated: March 14, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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