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Fluphenazine in Treating Patients With Refractory Advanced Multiple Myeloma

Information source: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm

Intervention: fluphenazine hydrochloride (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Immune Control


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluphenazine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of fluphenazine and to see how well it works in treating patients with refractory advanced multiple myeloma.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase I/IIa, Open-Label, Dose-Escalation Study to Determine the Safety, Tolerance, and Preliminary Activity of Intravenous High-Dose Fluphenazine HCI in Patients With Advanced Multiple Myeloma

Study design: Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:



Detailed description: OBJECTIVES:

- Determine the safety of high-dose fluphenazine hydrochloride in patients with

refractory advanced multiple myeloma.

- Determine the pharmacological properties of this drug.

- Determine the effectiveness of this drug in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label, dose-escalation study. Patients receive high-dose fluphenazine hydrochloride IV 3 times on day 1. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of patients receive escalating doses of fluphenazine hydrochloride until the maximum tolerated dose is determined. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 30 patients will be accrued for this study.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.



- Histologically or cytologically confirmed multiple myeloma

- Advanced disease

- Must be refractory to ≥ 2 different methods of standard treatment

- Measurable disease, defined as serum paraprotein ≥ 1g/L or urine light chain ≥ 200

mg/24 hours

- No brain involvement or leptomeningeal disease

- No spinal cord compression unless the following criteria are met:

- Patient has undergone prior surgery or radiotherapy

- Neurological findings are ≤ grade 1

- Patient is off steroids for spinal cord edema or is on a stable regimen of ≤ 10

mg/day of prednisone or equivalent PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

- ECOG performance status (PS) 0-2 (ECOG PS 3 allowed if related to skeletal lesions)

- Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks

- Absolute granulocyte count ≥ 1,000/mm^3*

- Platelet count ≥ 50,000/mm^3*

- Hemoglobin ≥ 8. 0 g/dL* (no transfusion within the past 7 days)

- AST and ALT ≤ 2. 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Bilirubin ≤ 2 times ULN

- Creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min

- LVEF ≥ 40%

- QTc < 450 msec

- No evidence of dysrhythmias on EKG

- Not pregnant or nursing

- Negative pregnancy test

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception

- No congestive heart failure

- No angina pectoris

- No cardiac arrhythmia

- No uncontrolled hypertension, defined as systolic blood pressure (BP) > 180 mm Hg

and/or diastolic BP > 105 mm Hg

- No myocardial infarction within the past year

- No active infection

- No HIV, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C infection

- No history of psychosis

- No history of subcortical brain damage

- No hypersensitivity to fluphenazine hydrochloride or other phenothiazines

- No history of seizures or extrapyramidal symptoms

- No other serious illness or medical condition

- No other malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated nonmelanoma

skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix NOTE: *Patients with values outside of this range due to infiltration by myeloma may be allowed at the discretion of the investigator PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

- See Disease Characteristics

- Recovered from prior therapy

- At least 21 days since prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy

- At least 21 days since prior and no concurrent systemic steroids

- Patients who have been taking chronically administered steroids for ≥ 1 month at

a dose ≤ 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent are eligible

- At least 28 days since prior investigational agents

- At least 6 weeks since prior selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) (a

wash-out period equivalent to 5 times the terminal elimination half-life is required for tricyclic antidepressants or norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors)

- No concurrent SSRIs, tricyclic antidepressants, or norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors

- No concurrent dialysis therapy

- No concurrent hematopoietic growth factors except epoetin alfa

- Treatment with hematopoietic growth factors may be started during study if

patient develops or has progressive cytopenia

- No concurrent anticholinergics or other antipsychotics

- No concurrent antiseizure drugs except Neurontin for treatment of neuropathy

Locations and Contacts

Hackensack University Medical Center Cancer Center, Hackensack, New Jersey 07601, United States

Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, New York 11040, United States

Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-4283, United States

Additional Information

Clinical trial summary from the National Cancer Institute's PDQ® database

Starting date: January 2006
Last updated: November 5, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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