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Intravenous Lidocaine and Quality of Recovery After Cesarean Delivery

Information source: Northwestern University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Pregnancy

Intervention: Lidocaine (Drug); Normal Saline (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Not yet recruiting

Sponsored by: Northwestern University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Jason R Farrer, M.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Northwestern University

Overall contact:
Jason R Farrer, M.D., Phone: 312-472-3585, Email: jfarrer@nmff.org


When given intravenously, the local anesthetic lidocaine has been shown to decrease the amount of pain medication patients require when recovering from several types of surgeries. Cesarean delivery is a very common surgery in the United States, effecting more than 1 million women each year. The investigators hypothesize that lidocaine, given during and immediately after a patient undergoes a cesarean section, will help improve a mother's overall recovery experience, as well as positively influence bonding with her new baby.

Clinical Details

Official title: The Effect of Perioperative Systemic Lidocaine on Quality of Recovery After Cesarean Delivery

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Quality of Recovery 40 on the day after surgery

Secondary outcome:

Opioid consumption

Skin-to-skin time

Detailed description: Pain after Cesarean delivery is a common occurrence on the labor and delivery unit. The increased use of neuraxial anesthesia has allowed the administration of neuraxial opioids to help with postoperative pain control. Many patients, however, still require IV and oral opioids in the post anesthesia recovery unit (PACU), and on the postpartum nursing floor. Post Cesarean delivery pain not only has the usual adverse effects common to all postoperative pain (i. e. increased risk for deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, coronary ischemia, pneumonia, poor wound healing, and psychological dysfunction) but also has the potential to adversely affect mother-baby bonding, time spent in skin-to-skin contact and success of initiating effective breastfeeding. Systemic administration of lidocaine has been shown to decrease opioid consumption, improve recovery of bowel function and promote a better recovery after inpatient procedures. Lidocaine has been shown to have analgesic, antihyperalgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. It also has an excellent safety profile when given by a low-dose infusion. Assessing a patient's quality of recovery has become an important outcome in several studies. The patient's capacity to return to her normal activities and effectively care for her newborn is one of the most important signs of a successful surgical procedure, and it has significant economic, sociological and psychological implications.

Quality of recovery - 40(QoR-40) is a validated 40-item instrument to assess the quality of

post-operative recovery (10). Myles et al. have concluded that the QoR-40 would be a useful outcome measure to assess the impact on changes in health care delivery, but anesthesia studies underutilize this instrument. This study will evaluate the effect of perioperative systemic lidocaine in the postoperative quality of recovery of patients undergoing Cesarean delivery.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Female.


Inclusion Criteria:

- American Society of Anesthesiologists Class II

- English speaking

- Scheduled Cesarean delivery

Exclusion Criteria:

- Allergy to local anesthetics

- Chronic opioid use

- Greater than 2 prior cesarean deliveries

- Prior myomectomy

- Prior classical cesarean incision

- BMI greater than 40

- History of cardiac disease

Locations and Contacts

Jason R Farrer, M.D., Phone: 312-472-3585, Email: jfarrer@nmff.org

NorthwesternUniversity, Chicago, Illinois 60611, United States; Not yet recruiting
Jason R Farrer, M.D., Phone: 312-472-3585, Email: jfarrer@nmff.org
Jason R Farrer, M.D., Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Related publications:

Bramson L, Lee JW, Moore E, Montgomery S, Neish C, Bahjri K, Melcher CL. Effect of early skin-to-skin mother--infant contact during the first 3 hours following birth on exclusive breastfeeding during the maternity hospital stay. J Hum Lact. 2010 May;26(2):130-7. doi: 10.1177/0890334409355779. Epub 2010 Jan 28.

Koppert W, Weigand M, Neumann F, Sittl R, Schuettler J, Schmelz M, Hering W. Perioperative intravenous lidocaine has preventive effects on postoperative pain and morphine consumption after major abdominal surgery. Anesth Analg. 2004 Apr;98(4):1050-5, table of contents.

Groudine SB, Fisher HA, Kaufman RP Jr, Patel MK, Wilkins LJ, Mehta SA, Lumb PD. Intravenous lidocaine speeds the return of bowel function, decreases postoperative pain, and shortens hospital stay in patients undergoing radical retropubic prostatectomy. Anesth Analg. 1998 Feb;86(2):235-9.

Kaba A, Laurent SR, Detroz BJ, Sessler DI, Durieux ME, Lamy ML, Joris JL. Intravenous lidocaine infusion facilitates acute rehabilitation after laparoscopic colectomy. Anesthesiology. 2007 Jan;106(1):11-8; discussion 5-6.

Marret E, Rolin M, Beaussier M, Bonnet F. Meta-analysis of intravenous lidocaine and postoperative recovery after abdominal surgery. Br J Surg. 2008 Nov;95(11):1331-8. doi: 10.1002/bjs.6375. Review.

Gill TM, Feinstein AR. A critical appraisal of the quality of quality-of-life measurements. JAMA. 1994 Aug 24-31;272(8):619-26.

Guyatt GH, Cook DJ. Health status, quality of life, and the individual. JAMA. 1994 Aug 24-31;272(8):630-1.

Watcha MF, Issioui T, Klein KW, White PF. Costs and effectiveness of rofecoxib, celecoxib, and acetaminophen for preventing pain after ambulatory otolaryngologic surgery. Anesth Analg. 2003 Apr;96(4):987-94, table of contents.

Myles PS, Hunt JO, Nightingale CE, Fletcher H, Beh T, Tanil D, Nagy A, Rubinstein A, Ponsford JL. Development and psychometric testing of a quality of recovery score after general anesthesia and surgery in adults. Anesth Analg. 1999 Jan;88(1):83-90.

Myles PS, Weitkamp B, Jones K, Melick J, Hensen S. Validity and reliability of a postoperative quality of recovery score: the QoR-40. Br J Anaesth. 2000 Jan;84(1):11-5.

Starting date: November 2014
Last updated: October 1, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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