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Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of Multiple Doses of AV-101 in Healthy Volunteers

Information source: VistaGen Therapeutics, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Neuropathic Pain

Intervention: AV-101 (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: VistaGen Therapeutics, Inc.

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Ralph Snodgrass, PhD, Study Director, Affiliation: VistaGen Therapeutics, Inc.


This is a Phase 1b study involving multiple oral doses of AV-101 in healthy male and female subjects. The safety, pharmacokinetics, and antihyperalgesic effect of AV-101 on capsaicin-induced hyperalgesia will be assessed.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase 1b, Single-Site, Randomized, Double-Blind,Placebo-Controlled, Dose-Escalation Study: Safety, Pharmacokinetics, and Antihyperalgesic Activity of Multiple Doses of AV-101 on Capsaicin-Induced Pain in Healthy Volunteers

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:



Secondary outcome: Antihyperalgesic activity

Detailed description: Healthy subjects will be randomized into three dose cohorts (360, 1,080, and 1,440 mg) to receive daily oral doses of AV-101 for 14 consecutive days. Each cohort has 12 subjects on active drug and 4 subjects on placebo. Safety, PK, and antihyperalgesic effects of treatment with AV-101 will be assessed.

At the screening visit between Day - 28 and Day -7 before randomization, 250 μg of capsaicin

will be intradermally delivered into the volar aspect of one forearm. Subjects must report a pain score of at least 4 out of 10 to qualify for the study. On Day 1 and Day 14 the following data are collected: (1) neurosensory testing (thermal sensation, thermal pain, touch, and mechanical pain) on the forearm; (2) neurocognitive evaluation; and (3) 12-lead electrocardiogram, blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, and temperature. PK samples will be collected on Days 1, 2, 14, and 15. The capsaicin-induced pain will be assessed at screening, on Day 1, and Day 14. An intradermal injection of capsaicin into the forearm on Day 1 and Day 14 will be followed by the efficacy measures. On Day 1 before administration of the first dose, subjects will be given a paper diary to record daily self-administration of each dose, concomitant medications, and adverse events during the 14-day treatment period.


Minimum age: 21 Years. Maximum age: 60 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- A subject will be eligible for participation in the full study only if all of the

following criteria are met: 1. Be male or female, aged 21 to 60 years inclusive, healthy, able and willing to provide written informed consent to participate in the study. 2. Be able to read and speak English sufficiently to understand and follow the study instructions, including completion of pain intensity rating scales. 3. For males, must use birth control (condom) to prevent fathering children; for females must be nonlactating, not pregnant, and using a reliable contraception method (e. g., abstinence, intrauterine device, hormonal birth control, or double barrier method [male condom, female condom, or diaphragm plus a spermicidal agent such as contraceptive foam, jelly, or cream]). 4. Have a visual analog pain score of at least 4 out of 10 at screening. Exclusion Criteria:

- Subjects will be excluded from the study if any one or more of the following

conditions apply: 1. History of peripheral neuropathy or any chronic pain condition. 2. History of significant hepatic, ophthalmic (including previous or current cataract), cardiovascular, renal, gastrointestinal, hematological, neurological, endocrine (including diabetes), metabolic, pulmonary, or psychiatric disease. Significance will be determined by the principal investigator. 3. Clinically significant abnormality on the screening electrocardiogram that in the judgment of the investigator would place the subject at risk of cardiac adverse event as a result of capsaicin injection or administration of AV-101. 4. Cognitive or psychiatric disorders that may diminish compliance with study procedures. 5. Dermatopathology, skin hypersensitivity, or skin lesions in the areas of capsaicin application. 6. Allergy to capsaicin or the study medication. 7. Current tobacco use. 8. Use of chemotherapy agents or history of cancer, other than resolved skin cancer, within 5 years before the screening visit. 9. History of drug or alcohol abuse within 1 year before screening. 10. History of AIDS, testing as HIV positive, or use of antiretroviral therapy. 11. Use of, within 4 weeks before study drug dosing, any investigational drug, any epidural or intrathecal agent, corticosteroids, topical anesthetics, topical analgesics, central alpha agents (e. g., clonidine), alpha blockers (e. g., praxosin, terazosin), beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, or ACE inhibitors. 12. Use within 7 days before and during the entire period of study drug dosing of long-acting nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) such as piroxicam or naproxen. 13. Use within 36 hours before and during the entire period of study drug dosing of NSAIDs, aspirin, acetaminophen, antihistamines, sympathomimetics (e. g., pseudoephedrine and ephedrine), caffeine or alcohol.

Locations and Contacts

UCSD Medical Center, San Diego, California 92037, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: December 2011
Last updated: December 18, 2012

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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