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Single Agent Armodafinil for Patient-Reported Fatigue

Information source: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Head And Neck Cancer; Fatigue

Intervention: Armodafinil (Drug); Placebo (Other); Questionnaires (Behavioral)

Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Gary B. Gunn, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Summary

The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if armodafinil can reduce fatigue and other common symptoms in patients that have received treatment for head and neck cancer.

Clinical Details

Official title: Armodafinil for Persistent Patient-Reported Fatigue Following Radiation Therapy for Head and Neck Cancer: a Randomized Phase II Study

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Combined Patient-Reported Fatigue Scores

Detailed description: Armodafinil is designed to stimulate the central nervous system, which may increase wakefulness and reduce fatigue. A placebo is not a drug. It looks like the study drug but is not designed to treat any disease or illness. It is designed to be compared with a study drug to learn if the study drug has any real effect. Study Groups: If you are found eligible to take part in this study, you will be randomly assigned (as in the flip of a coin) to 1 of 2 groups. Group 1 will take armodafinil. Group 2 will take a placebo. A placebo is a substance that looks like the study drug but has no active ingredients. Neither you nor the study staff will know if you are receiving the study drug or the placebo. However, if needed for your safety, the study staff will be able to find out what you are receiving. Study Drug Administration: You will take the study drug/placebo every day for 4 weeks starting the morning after you have enrolled in this study. You will take the study drug/placebo in the morning with a full glass (8 ounces) of water. You may take the study drug/placebo with or without food. If the dose causes an upset stomach, you should take it with food. If you have trouble swallowing the dose of study drug/placebo, the study staff will tell you of different ways of taking it. You will be given a pamphlet with more information about how to take the study drug/placebo. Symptom Questionnaires: Before you start taking the study drug/placebo, the following tests and procedures will be performed:

- You will complete 6 questionnaires about your fatigue, sleepiness, and other symptoms as

well as your quality of life and your ability to work. These questionnaires should take about 20 minutes to complete total. Throughout the study, you will complete 2 of the symptom questionnaires listed above 2 times every week while you are on study, including during the Open-label Extension Phase (described below). You may complete the questionnaires over the phone using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) system or with a member of the study staff. Another option is to complete the questionnaires during a routinely scheduled visit outside of this study. If you complete the questionnaires over the phone, the study staff or the IVR system will call you at a time that is convenient for you. If the questionnaires are completed through the IVR system, the study staff will give you the information you need to report your symptoms by using the system. If the questionnaires are completed with the study staff, she/he will ask you the questions and record your answers on paper or enter them into a computer. When you complete the questionnaires for the second time each week, you will also be asked if you are taking your study drug/placebo as instructed and you will be asked about any side effects you may be having. If the questionnaires were completed through the IVR system, the study staff will contact you and ask you if you are taking your study drug/placebo as instructed and about any side effects you may be having. At the end of Week 4, you will complete the same set of 6 questionnaires that you completed at the beginning of the study. You will also complete a questionnaire about your thoughts on the study drug/placebo. You will also be asked about any changes in drugs (both prescribed and over the counter) that you may be taking. This should take about 30 minutes. Open-label Extension: At the end of Week 4, if you were in Group 1 and you did not have any intolerable side effects, you will be able to continue taking armodafinil for an additional 4 weeks. If you were in Group 2 and you did not have any intolerable side effects, you will be given the option to begin receiving armodafinil for 4 weeks. No matter what you choose, you will not be told whether you were taking the study drug or the placebo during the first 4 weeks of the study. If you are in the open-label extension phase, at the end of Week 8, you will complete the same set of 6 questionnaires that you completed at the beginning of the study. You will also complete a questionnaire about your thoughts on the study drug/placebo. This should take about 30 minutes. Length of Treatment: You will receive the study drug/placebo for either 4 or 8 weeks. You will be taken off study if intolerable side effects occur or if the study doctor thinks it is in your best interest. Follow-Up: After your last dose of the study drug/placebo, you will continue to complete 2 symptom questionnaires for another 4 weeks. The last time you complete the 2 questionnaires, you will complete an additional 3 questionnaires that you completed at the beginning of the study. Another option to complete the questionnaires at Weeks 4, 8, and 12 is to receive questionnaire packets during the baseline assessment and to mail them back to the study coordinator. The study staff will contact you to remind you when it is time to complete them. This is an investigational study. Armodafinil is FDA-approved and commercially available to treat narcolepsy (falling asleep at unexpected times), obstructive sleep apnea, and shift work sleep disorder. It is also FDA-approved and commercially available to treat sleepiness in patients with excessive sleepiness. Its use in this study is investigational. Up to 40 patients will take part in this study. Up to 25 will be enrolled at MD Anderson.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Patients who were treated with either definitive or postoperative radiation or chemoradiation therapy for HNC with moderate to severe levels of patient reported fatigue, at 6 or more weeks after completing all planned cancer therapy. Patients who rated their fatigue level at 5 or greater on a 0 to 10 scale during any follow-up clinic visits at MD Anderson or LBJ Hospital. 2. Male and female patients >= 18 years old. 3. Patients who speak English (due to the novel research and its complexity, we are only accruing English-speaking patients to the protocol). 4. Patients must agree to discontinue any current herbal supplement use, and refrain from taking any herbal supplement while on protocol. 5. Patients must be willing and able to review and understand informed consent documents and to provide written consent. 6. Women of childbearing potential (women who are not postmenopausal for at least 1 year and are not surgically sterile) must have a negative urine pregnancy test. 7. Sexually active males and females must agree to use effective birth control or to be abstinent for the duration of the study period. 8. Women currently taking birth control pills or planning to start birth control pills must agree to an additional method of birth control (either abstinence or a barrier method) while on the study medication and for 1 additional month after study completion. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Patients who rated their fatigue level at 4 or less over the past 24 hours based on the fatigue at its worst item of the BFI. 2. Patients with clinical evidence of active persistent cancer or progressive disease after completing planned cancer therapy, or with active recurrent cancer. 3. Patients with potential medical or other underlying causes of fatigue, as determined by the treating physician or PI 4. Patients with Hb <10. 5 g/dL within previous 2 weeks. 5. Patients with untreated or uncontrolled hypothyroidism, or TSH > ULN or free T4 < lower level of normal within previous 2 weeks. 6. Patients with underlying cardiac or pulmonary disease resulting in dyspnea, hypoxia, or hypercapnia. 7. Patients with a Karnofsky performance status <70 8. Patients less than 18 years old 9. Patients who are enrolled and receiving active treatment in other symptom intervention trials or who are in the treatment phase of another clinical trial 10. Patients with pre-existing psychosis or bipolar disorder 11. Patients with pre-existing renal impairment, as evidenced by serum creatinine > ULN on the most recent blood work, done at least within the previous 2 weeks. 12. Patients with pre-existing cirrhosis or hepatic impairment or with abnormal liver function test as evidenced by total bilirubin > 1. 5 x ULN or 2 times the upper limit of normal of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) on the most recent blood work, done at least within the previous 2 weeks. 13. Patients with pre-existing Tourette's syndrome 14. Patients who have used monoamine oxidase (MAO inhibitors) within the past 14 days 15. Patients undergoing abrupt discontinuation of ethanol or sedatives (including benzodiazepines) 16. Patients currently taking, or having taken within the previous 1 month, armodafinil, modafinil, amphetamine, or methylphenidate 17. Patients on anticoagulants (i. e. warfarin, coumadin, or heparin) or clopidogrel 18. Patients with a history of clinically significant cutaneous drug reaction, or a history of clinically significant hypersensitivity reaction, including multiple allergies or drug reactions 19. Patients with a history of angina or cardiac ischemia, a recent history of myocardial infarction (within the past 1 year) or left ventricular hypertrophy, or patients with mitral valve prolapse 20. Patients with uncontrolled hypertension or tachycardia, as determined by treating physician 21. Patients who are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning to become pregnant during the study period and for 1 month after stopping the study drug. 22. Female patients who are currently on birth control pills as primary means of contraception, but are not willing to seek an additional effective method of contraception (such as barrier method) during the study period and for 1 month after stopping the study drug. 23. Patients with a history of CNS stimulant abuse, such as methylphenidate, dextroamphetamine, or modafinil. 24. Patients with major depressive disorder or severe depression (a score of 13 or greater on the BDI Fast Screen (BDI-FS). If this is the case, we will notify their treating physician for appropriate management or referral. 25. Patients with current or a history of suicidal ideation. 26. Patients currently taking midazolam, cyclosporine, ethinyl estradiol, or triazolam 27. Patients currently taking carbamazepine, phenobarbital, rifampin, aminoglutethimide, nafcillin, nevirapine, phenytoin, azole antifungals, clarithromycin, diclofenac, doxycycline, erythromycin, imatinib, isoniazid, nefazodone, nicardipine, propofol, protease inhibitors, quinidine, telithromycin, or verapamil 28. Patients currently taking omeprazole, diazepam, propanolol, chlomipramine (or other tricyclic antidepressants), citalopram, methsuximide, or sertraline.

Locations and Contacts

Lyndon B. Johnson General Hospital, Houston, Texas 77026, United States

University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, United States

Additional Information

University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center Website

Starting date: May 2011
Last updated: November 14, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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