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Interferon as a Mucosal Adjuvant for Influenza Vaccine Given Intranasally

Information source: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Influenza

Intervention: Trivalent inactivated influenza virus vaccine (2006-2007 formulation) (Biological); Type 1 interferon (Biological)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)


Influenza is a virus infection that causes sickness from the nose to the lungs. It is thought that type 1 interferon (a protein that helps the immune system fight viruses) will make flu vaccines more effective. This study will determine if type 1 interferon added to a specific flu vaccine will help the immune system of healthy adults fight off infection better than vaccine alone. Ninety volunteers, ages 18-40, will participate in this study. They will attend 3 study visits and have a final follow-up study visit, email, or phone call about six months after the vaccination. Volunteers will receive a single dose of study vaccine sprayed into the nose. Study procedures including blood samples and nasal washes (the inside of the nose is washed out) will be collected to evaluate immune system responses.

Clinical Details

Official title: Type 1 Interferon as a Mucosal Adjuvant for Influenza Vaccine Given Intranasally

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Primary outcome:

Antibody Responses in Nasal Secretions to Influenza A/H1N1 and A/H3N2 at 14 Days After Intranasal Immunization.

Antibody Responses in Nasal Secretions to Influenza A/H1N1 and A/H3N2 at 28 Days After Intranasal Immunization

Secondary outcome:

Local and/or Systemic Solicited Symptoms After Intranasal Immunization.

Serum Antibody Responses (Hemagglutination Inhibition (HAI) and Neutralization) to Influenza A/H1N1 and A/H3N2 at 14 Days After Intranasal Immunization.

Unsolicited Adverse Events After Intranasal Immunization

Serum Antibody Responses (Hemagglutination Inhibition (HAI) and Neutralization) to Influenza A/H1N1 and A/H3N2 at 28 Days After Intranasal Immunization.

Detailed description: Influenza is primarily a virus infection of the respiratory tract mucosa from the nose to the terminal bronchioles. Immunity to influenza virus infection is mediated primarily by antibody in respiratory secretions at the mucosal surface. To meet the need for improved inactivated vaccines, one potential approach is to increase the frequency and magnitude of antibody in secretions by administering inactivated influenza virus vaccine (IVV) intranasally and to optimize responses by including a mucosal adjuvant. The primary hypothesis of this study is that Type 1 interferon (IFN) will provide an adjuvant effect at the respiratory mucosal surface for production of IgA and/or IgG antibody to the influenza strains when added to IVV and administered intranasally. The primary objective of the study is to determine whether including type 1 IFN with IVV, administered intranasally, to healthy adults will enhance antibody responses in nasal secretions compared to intranasal administration of IVV alone. This is a single-center, randomized, double-blind, clinical trial to determine if type 1 IFN will act as a mucosal adjuvant for antibody responses to influenza viruses after administration with IVV intranasally. Subjects will be healthy adults between the ages of 18 and 40. The study will enroll 30 subjects in each of three groups, a group given 0. 6 ml of IVV, a group given 0. 6 ml of IVV containing 1M units of IFN and a group given 0. 7 ml of IVV containing 10M units of IFN. The vaccine or vaccine/interferon combination will be administered to the subjects intranasally once. Blood and nasal secretions will be obtained before vaccination and again two and four weeks after immunization. Each subject will be asked to complete a memory aid for seven days and to report any unexpected adverse events (AEs) to study personnel. The subject will report to the clinic or be contacted by phone or e-mail at six months after vaccination regarding occurrence of any unreported serious adverse events (SAEs). The three nasal secretions will be used for testing for IgA and IgG antibody to the A/H1N1 and A/H3N2 HA in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) tests. The three blood samples will be tested in HAI and neutralization tests for antibody to the A/H1N1 and A/H3N2 vaccine antigens.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 40 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Male or non-pregnant female (as indicated by a negative urine pregnancy test

immediately prior to vaccine administration) between the ages of 18 and 40 years.

- Women of childbearing potential who are at risk of becoming pregnant must agree to

practice adequate contraception (e. g., barrier method, abstinence, and licensed hormonal methods) for at least 3 months after immunization.

- Is in good health, as determined by vital signs (heart rate, blood pressure, oral

temperature), medical history and a targeted physical examination based on medical history.

- Able to understand and comply with planned study procedures.

- Provides informed consent prior to any study procedures and is available for all

study visits. Exclusion Criteria:

- Has a known allergy to eggs, chicken protein or other components of the vaccine.

- Has a positive urine pregnancy test prior to vaccination (if female of childbearing

potential), is lactating, or has the intention to become pregnant within 3 months of receipt of vaccine.

- Is undergoing immunosuppression as a result of an underlying illness or treatment.

- Has an active neoplastic disease or a history of any hematologic malignancy.

- Is using oral or parenteral steroids or other immunosuppressive or cytotoxic drugs.

- Has used any nasal or aerosol treatments in the past 2 weeks or likely to use any in

the next 2 weeks.

- Has a diagnosis of hay fever or asthma.

- Has a history of receiving immunoglobulin or other blood product within the 3 months

prior to enrollment in this study.

- Has a diagnosis of schizophrenia, bipolar disease or other major psychiatric


- Has received any other licensed vaccines within 2 weeks (for inactivated vaccines) or

4 weeks (for live vaccines) prior to enrollment in this study.

- Has an acute or chronic medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator,

would render vaccination unsafe or would interfere with the evaluation of responses (this includes, but is not limited to: known chronic liver disease, significant renal disease, unstable or progressive neurological disorders, diabetes mellitus, and transplant recipients).

- Has a history of severe reactions following immunization with contemporary influenza

virus vaccines.

- Has an acute illness, including an oral temperature greater than 100. 4 degrees F,

within 1 week prior to vaccination.

- Received an experimental agent (vaccine, drug, biologic, device, blood product, or

medication) within 1 month prior to vaccination in the study, or expects to receive an experimental agent during the 6-month study period.

- Is planning to enroll in another clinical trial at any time during the study period.

- Has known active human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection.

- Has a history of alcohol or drug abuse in the last 5 years.

- Has a history of Guillain-Barre syndrome.

- Has received the 2006-2007 formulation influenza vaccine by injection or by nose

drops (fall of 2006 or since).

- Has any condition that would, in the opinion of the site investigator, place the

subject at an unacceptable risk of injury or render the subject unable to meet the requirements of the protocol.

Locations and Contacts

Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: March 2007
Last updated: June 9, 2011

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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