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Aldosterone and the Metabolic Syndrome

Information source: Vanderbilt University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Metabolic Diseases; Diabetes Mellitus; Endocrine System Diseases; Glucose Metabolism Disorders

Intervention: Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System (RAAS) Activation (Drug); Administration of Aliskiren, Spironolactone, or Placebo (Drug); Increased Dose, Combination, or Placebo (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Vanderbilt University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
James M Luther, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Vanderbilt University

Overall contact:
Loretta Byrne, RN, Phone: 615-322-2105, Email: loretta.byrne@vanderbilt.edu


The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonism and renin inhibition on glucose metabolism in humans.

Clinical Details

Official title: Aldosterone and the Metabolic Syndrome: Renin Inhibition Versus Mineralocorticoid Receptor (MR) Antagonism

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Primary outcome: Plasma glucose and insulin concentrations

Detailed description: The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonism and renin inhibition on fasting blood glucose and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in humans.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 70 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Subjects meeting all of the following conditions will be included in the study:

1. Ambulatory subjects, 18 to 70 years of age, inclusive 2. For female subjects, the following conditions must be met: 1. postmenopausal status for at least 1 year, or 2. status-post surgical sterilization, or 3. if of childbearing potential, utilization of adequate birth control and willingness to undergo urine beta-hcg testing prior to drug treatment and on every study day. 3. A seated or supine systolic blood pressure greater than 130/85 on three separate measurements at least 15 minutes apart 4. Metabolic Syndrome as defined by the presence of > 3 of the following: 1. Hypertension as characterized by having Systolic Blood Pressure > 140 mm Hg and Diastolic Blood Pressure > 90 mm Hg. 2. Impaired Glucose Tolerance (Fasting Plasma Glucose > 100 mg/dL) 3. Increased triglyceride level > 150mg/dL 4. Decreased levels of High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol 1. For males, less than 30 mg/dL 2. For females, less than 40 mg/dL 5. Waist circumference 1. For males, greater than 40 inches. 2. For females, greater than 35 inches. Exclusion Criteria:

- Subjects presenting with any of the following will not be included in the study:

1. Diabetes type 1 or type 2, a fasting glucose of greater than 110 mg/dL or the use of anti-diabetic medication 2. Use of hormone replacement therapy 3. Statin therapy 4. Pregnancy 5. Breast-feeding 6. Cardiovascular disease such as prior myocardial infarction, presence of angina pectoris, significant arrhythmia, congestive heart failure [Left Ventricular (LV) hypertrophy acceptable], deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, second or third degree heart block, mitral valve stenosis, aortic stenosis or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 7. Treatment with anticoagulants 8. History of serious neurologic disease such as cerebral hemorrhage, stroke, seizure, or transient ischemic attack 9. History or presence of immunological or hematological disorders 10. Diagnosis of asthma requiring use of inhaled beta agonist >1 time per week 11. Clinically significant gastrointestinal impairment that could interfere with drug absorption 12. Impaired hepatic function [aspartate amino transaminase (AST) and/or alanine amino transaminase (ALT) >1. 5 x upper limit of normal range] 13. Impaired renal function [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of <60ml/min] as determined by the four-variable Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation, where serum creatinine (Scr) is expressed in mg/dl and age in years: eGFR (ml/min/1. 73m2)=175 • Scr-1. 154 • age-0. 203 • (1. 212 if black) • (0. 742 if female) 14. Hematocrit <35% 15. Any underlying or acute disease requiring regular medication which could possibly pose a threat to the subject or make implementation of the protocol or interpretation of the study results difficult, such as arthritis treated with non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs 16. Treatment with chronic systemic glucocorticoid therapy (more than 7 consecutive days in 1 month) 17. Treatment with lithium salts 18. History of alcohol or drug abuse 19. Treatment with any investigational drug in the 1 month preceding the study 20. Mental conditions rendering the subject unable to understand the nature, scope and possible consequences of the study 21. Inability to comply with the protocol, e. g., uncooperative attitude, inability to return for follow-up visits, and unlikelihood of completing the study 22. Screening plasma potassium <3. 2 mmol/L or use of chronic potassium supplements for the treatment of hypokalemia

Locations and Contacts

Loretta Byrne, RN, Phone: 615-322-2105, Email: loretta.byrne@vanderbilt.edu

Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, United States; Recruiting
Loretta Byrne, RN, Phone: 615-322-2105, Email: loretta.byrne@vanderbilt.edu
James M Luther, MD, Principal Investigator
Maneesh C. Kanal, BA, Sub-Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: March 2010
Last updated: August 4, 2011

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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