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Study of Medical Treatment for Methamphetamine Addiction

Information source: University of California, Los Angeles
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Methamphetamine; Amphetamine Dependence; Pharmacogenetics; Methamphetamine Dependence; Substance Abuse

Intervention: Bupropion (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University of California, Los Angeles

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Keith G Heinzerling, MD MPH, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: UCLA Dept of Family Medicine

Summary

Currently there are no medications approved for the treatment of methamphetamine addiction. Bupropion is an antidepressant that is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of depression and for cigarette smoking cessation but is not approved by the FDA for the treatment of methamphetamine addiction. Preliminary research studies suggest that bupropion may help people receiving treatment for methamphetamine addiction to reduce or to stop their methamphetamine use. But results of these studies also suggest that bupropion may help certain groups of patients more than others, such as men versus women and light versus heavy methamphetamine users, although the reasons for this difference are not known. One possibility is that a person's genetic make up may influence whether or not they respond to treatment with bupropion for methamphetamine addiction. The purpose of the study is to determine if bupropion is can help people reduce or stop their methamphetamine use and to investigate whether genetic variations influence whether people respond to treatment with bupropion for methamphetamine addiction, which may help doctors and patients better decide if treatment with bupropion will be beneficial or not. To identify possible genetic variations that influence response to bupropion, we will perform genetic tests on blood or saliva specimens from participants receiving treatment with either bupropion or placebo (which is a pill that contains no medication) in conjunction with standard cognitive behavioral therapy drug counseling. We will compare methamphetamine use, as assessed with urine drug screens, among participants receiving bupropion versus those receiving placebo to determine if bupropion helps people to reduce or stop their methamphetamine use. We will then compare the results of the genetic tests among participants who respond and who do not respond to bupropion. In addition, since the amount of methamphetamine a person uses was associated with response to bupropion in preliminary studies, we will also compare the results of genetic testing among persons with heavy versus light methamphetamine use before entering treatment. Results of this study have the potential to provide insights into the biology of methamphetamine addiction and help increase the understanding of how bupropion works. This information could be useful to develop effective medications for methamphetamine addiction and to improve the ability of clinicians to provide treatment to patients with methamphetamine addiction.

Clinical Details

Official title: Pharmacogenomics and Medication Development for Methamphetamine Dependence

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Treatment Effectiveness Score

End of Treatment Methamphetamine Abstinence

Secondary outcome: Treatment Retention

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. 18 years of age or older; 2. meet DSM-IV criteria for methamphetamine dependence; 3. seeking treatment for MA problems; 4. specific range of methamphetamine use in the 30 days prior to study entry; 5. willing and able to comply with study procedures, including genotyping; 6. willing and able to provide written informed consent; 7. if female, not pregnant or lactating and willing to use an acceptable method of barrier birth control (e. g. condoms) during the trial. Exclusion Criteria: 1. have a medical condition that, in the study physician's judgment, may interfere with safe study participation (e. g., active TB, unstable cardiac, renal, or liver disease, unstable diabetes); 2. have a current neurological disorder (e. g., organic brain disease, dementia) or major psychiatric disorder not due to substance abuse (e. g., schizophrenia, bipolar disorder) as assessed by the SCID or a medical history which would make study agent compliance difficult or which would compromise informed consent, or recent (past 30 days) history of suicide attempts and/or current serious suicidal intention or plan as assessed by the SCID; 3. currently on prescription medication that is contraindicated for use with bupropion; 4. have current dependence on cocaine, opiates, alcohol, or benzodiazepines as defined by DSM-IV-TR; 5. have a history of alcohol dependence within the past three years; 6. have a history of a seizure disorder; 7. have a medical condition (such as serious head injury) that is associated with increased risk of seizures or on a medication that lowers the seizure threshold; 8. have a history of anorexia or bulimia; 9. have current hypertension uncontrolled by medication, or any other circumstances that, in the opinion of the investigators, would compromise participant safety; 10. have a history of sensitivity to bupropion.

Locations and Contacts

UCLA Clinical Research Site 910 Vine St, Los Angeles, California 90038, United States
Additional Information

UCLA Substance Abuse Pharmacotherapy Unit

Starting date: January 2009
Last updated: January 10, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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