Toxicities Associated With Subcutaneous Administration of Ethyol (Amifostine) for the Prevention of Radiation-Induced Toxicities
Information source: The Dale & Frances Hughes Cancer Center
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on June 20, 2008
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.
Condition(s) targeted: Head and Neck Cancer; Lung Cancer
Intervention: Ethyol (Amifostine) (Drug)
Sponsored by: The Dale & Frances Hughes Cancer Center
Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Michael J. Greenberg, M.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: The Dale & Frances Hughes Cancer Center
Dry mouth occurs very often in patients who receive radiation treatment. Amifostine is a
drug approved to reduce the short and long-term occurrence of dry mouth when patients receive
radiation treatment for head and neck cancer. Some studies have shown that Amifostine
reduces the side effects of radiation treatment for lung cancer. The use of Amifostine is
still being investigated in lung malignancies. Amifostine is found to be a protectant from
radiation side effects of such normal tissues as bone marrow, skin, oral mucosal, esophagus,
kidney and testes. Patients that receive radiation treatments for lung cancer may experience
side effects involving the esophagus. It is hoped that patients will benefit from the
protection of their esophagus and avoid delays in radiation treatment due to side effects of
Official title: Open-Label Prospective Trial Evaluating the Toxicities Associated With Subcutaneous Administration of Ethyol (Amifostine) for the Prevention of Radiation-Induced Toxicities
Study design: Treatment, Non-Randomized, Open Label, Uncontrolled, Single Group Assignment
Primary endpoint: To evaluate how amifostine is given subcutaneously at each institution
To determine treatment related toxicities and safety of subcutaneous administration of amifostine for the prevention of radiation-induced toxicities
Secondary outcome: Secondary endpoints: Evaluate efficacy of amifostine in reducing radiation induced toxicities in these patients
The protective capacity of thio-containing compounds against normal tissue damage from
radiation have been recognized for over 40 years..
Although intravenous administration is the approved standard route, because of practical
advantages there has been increasing interest in the subcutaneous administration of Ethyol,
which presents multiple advantages when used for radioprotection.
Based on the data that has been presented, as well as the personal experience of this and
other physicians/centers with subcutaneous administration of amifostine, the researchers are
proposing an open-label study evaluating the rate and severity of toxicities associated with
this route of administration. Toxicities to be assessed include nausea/vomiting,
hypotension, and skin/fever reactions.
Minimum age: 18 Years.
Maximum age: N/A.
- Patient is eligible to receive subcutaneous amifostine under site’s current practice
guidelines for radioprotection.
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status < 2
- Age > 18
- Patient receiving radiation therapy or combined modality therapy to treat malignancy.
- No evidence of distant metastatic disease.
- Granulocyte count (segs & bands) > 2000/mm3 and platelet count > 100,000/mm3
- Serum creatinine <2. 0mg/dL
- Total bilirubin <2. 0mg%, SGOT < times the upper limit of normal.
- Patients may not be entered on investigational therapeutic trials.
- Patients or guardians must be informed of and understand the investigational nature of
this study and give written informed consent prior to any study procedures.
- Life expectancy of <6 months
- Patients receiving only chemotherapy to treat malignancy.
- Patients who have been treated with any investigational drugs <4 weeks prior to study
- General medical or psychological conditions which would not permit the patient to
complete the study or sign the informed consent.
- Pregnancy; Women of childbearing potential should use an effective (for them) method
of birth control throughout their participation in this study.
- Patients who are currently receiving or have received amifostine for radioprotection
within the prior 6 months are excluded.
Locations and Contacts
The Dale & Frances Hughes Cancer Center, East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania 18301, United States
Starting date: June 2003
Ending date: September 2004
Last updated: September 26, 2005