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Study of Abarelix in Androgen-Independent Prostate Cancer Progressing After Agonist Therapy

Information source: PRAECIS Pharmaceuticals Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Prostate Cancer

Intervention: Plenaxis (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: PRAECIS Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Marc Garnick, MD, Study Director, Affiliation: PRAECIS Pharmaceuticals Inc.


This is a Phase 2, open-label study in subjects with androgen-independent prostate cancer who have progressed following treatment with an LHRH agonist. Up to 22 subjects will be enrolled. Enrollment will be monitored to ensure that not all subjects are enrolled based on rising prostate specific antigen (PSA) criterion only. Subjects will be treated with abarelix (Plenaxis) 100 mg intramuscularly (IM) every 2 weeks for 12 weeks (total dose of 600 mg).

Clinical Details

Official title: Phase 2 Study of Abarelix in Androgen-Independent Prostate Cancer Progressing After Agonist Therapy

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Clinical adverse events, laboratory abnormalities, and withdrawals due to adverse events

Serum FSH levels below the lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ) on Days 57 and 85


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Male.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Signed informed consent

- Histologically or cytologically confirmed prostate cancer that has progressed within

60 days of the start of screening despite castrate levels of testosterone from treatment with an LHRH agonist. Progression will be defined as one or more of the following: *A rising PSA, defined as at least two consecutive rises in PSA over a reference value (PSA #1). The first rising PSA (PSA #2) must be taken at least one week after PSA #1. A third PSA (PSA #3) is required to be greater than PSA #2; if not, a fourth PSA (PSA #4) is required to be greater than PSA #2, OR

- The appearance of new metastatic lesions on a bone scan, OR

- Progression of known lesions or the appearance of new metastatic lesions on CT,

MRI, chest x-ray, or other radiographic evaluations.

- Subject whose hormonal therapy includes an anti-androgen must have the anti-androgen

discontinued prior to the start of screening (at least 6 weeks for bicalutamide and at least 4 weeks otherwise). If there is a reduction in the PSA after anti-androgen withdrawal, the subject must continue to demonstrate progression as defined above after anti- androgen withdrawal to be eligible.

- ECOG Performance Status ≤ 3

- Age ≥ 18 years of age

- Life expectancy ≥ 6 months

- Serum testosterone less than or equal to 50 ng/dL

- PSA ≥ 5 ng/mL (if progression is determined from a rise in PSA)

- WBC greater than or equal to 3,000/mm3

- Hematocrit ≥ 30%

- Platelet count greater than or equal to 100,000/mm3

- Serum creatinine less than or equal to 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Bilirubin (direct or total) less than or equal to 2 x ULN

- SGPT (ALT) and SGOT (AST) less than or equal to 2 x ULN

Exclusion Criteria: A subject is ineligible to participate in the study if he meets any of the following criteria:

- Prior treatment for prostate cancer with:

- Chemotherapy

- Radiopharmaceutical such as strontium or samarium

- Diethylstilbesterol or another estrogen agonist or antagonist

- Ketoconazole

- Aminoglutethimide

- Current treatment with Class IA (e. g., quinidine, procainamide) or Class III (e. g.,

amiodarone, sotalol) antiarrhythmic medication

- Currently taking PC SPES

- History of allergy to a LHRH agonist or GnRH antagonist

- Major surgery within 4 weeks

- Serious medical illnesses, including malnutrition, that in the judgment of the

investigator would preclude protocol treatment

- Significant cardiovascular illness defined as NYHA class III or IV congestive heart

failure or unstable angina within 6 months, myocardial infarction within 12 months, deep venous thrombosis within 2 years, or any history of acute pulmonary embolism

- Active second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancer or superficial bladder


- Any uncontrolled infection, including HIV

- Any other experimental therapy within 4 weeks prior to study entry

- QTc > 450 msec on a screening ECG obtained by the investigator

Locations and Contacts

San Diego Center for Urology, La Mesa, California 91942, United States

Southwest Florida Urological Associates, Fort Myers, Florida 33907, United States

Panama City Urological Center, Panama City, Florida 32405, United States

Columbus Urology Research, LLC, Columbus, Ohio 43214, United States

Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon 97201-3098, United States

Urological Associates of Lancaster, Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17604-3200, United States

Carolina Urologic Research Center, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina 29572, United States

Additional Information

Starting date: May 2004
Last updated: September 18, 2006

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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