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Comparison of Effects of Eplerenone Versus Spironolactone in Heart Failure Patients With Glucose Intolerance or Type 2 Diabetes

Information source: Montreal Heart Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Heart Failure; Type 2 Diabetes; Glucose Intolerance

Intervention: Eplerenone (Drug); Spironolactone (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Montreal Heart Institute

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Michel White, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Montreal Heart Institute


In this proposal,the investigators will examine whether the selectivity of eplerenone for the MR will translate into a better glucose and metabolic profile compare to spironolactone in patients with HF with glucose intolerance or type 2 diabetes. In addition, the investigators will also compare the impact of these two agents on changes of concentrations of established prognostic biomarkers of neurohormonal activation and extracellular matrix turnover.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Comparison of the Effects of Selective and Non Selective Mineralocorticoid Antagonism on Glucose Homeostasis and Lipid Profile of Heart Failure Patients With Glucose Intolerance or Type 2 Diabetes.

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Glycated hemoglobin

Fasting glucose and lipid profile

Plasma insulin






Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Male or female at least 18 years old. 2. Symptomatic HF corresponding to NYHA class II-IV symptoms for at least 4 weeks prior randomization. 3. A diagnosis of 1) impaired glucose tolerance described as overnight fasting between blood glucose 5. 6 and 6. 9 mmol/L on two occasions; or 2) type 2 diabetes defined as overnight fasting between blood glucose of 7. 0 mmol/L or more on two occasions; a HbA1c equal to or higher than 6. 5% or more on two occasions; or as a history of type II diabetes treated with hypoglycemic agents. 4. LVEF equal to or lower than 40% documented by, contrast ventriculography, magnetic resonance imaging, radionuclide ventriculography or quantitative echocardiography within the previous 12 months if no cardiac event occurred since the measurement of the LVEF. The most recent measurements should be used. 5. Treatment with an optimal and stable dose of ACE inhibitor (or ARB) for at least 4 weeks prior to enrolment in the study. In addition, patients should be treated with a stable dose of beta-blockers for at least 4 weeks prior enrolment in the study. Patients incapable to tolerate bisoprolol, carvedilol or metoprolol will be allowed within the trial. 6. Informed consent must be obtained before any study specific procedures are performed Exclusion Criteria: 1. Current treatment with a combination of an ARB, an ACE or a renin inhibitor. 2. Type 1 diabetes 3. Known intolerance or allergy to eplerenone or spironolactone, including gynecomastia with spironolactone. 4. Estimated GFR < 30 mL/min/1. 73 m2 as calculated using the MDRD equation (Appendix 1). 5. Current serum potassium higher than 5. 0 mmol/L (higher than 5. 0 mEq/L). 6. Current symptomatic hypotension and/or systolic B. P. < 90 mmHg. 7. Persistent systolic or diastolic hypertension (systolic > 170 mmHg or diastolic > 100 mmHg despite use of antihypertensive therapy). 8. HF secondary to any of the following conditions: hemodynamically significant primary stenotic valvular cardiomyopathy, isolated right sided CHF, non cardiac disease (e. g. uncorrected thyroid disease), pericardial disease, complex congenital heart disease, myocarditis. 9. Decompensated heart failure described as hospitalization or I. V. administration of medication in emergency room or heart failure clinic within 4 weeks (ex.: diuretics, inotropes, vasodilatators) 10. Current treatment with insulin 11. Stroke, acute coronary syndrome, PCI within the last 4 weeks before randomization. 12. Cardiac surgery within 3 months. 13. Significant liver disease (ALT x 3 times limit of normal). 14. Planned cardiac surgery expected to be performed within the next 6 months. 15. Previous heart transplant or heart transplant expected to be performed within the next 6 months. 16. Presence of any non-cardiac diseases likely to significantly shorten life expectancy to < 1 year. 17. Pregnant or lactating women or women of childbearing potential who are not protected from pregnancy by an accepted method of contraception, such as the oral contraceptive pill, an intrauterine device or surgical sterilization (all women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test before randomization). 18. Any condition that in the opinion of the investigator would jeopardize the evaluation on efficacy or safety or be associated with poor adherence to the protocol. 19. Treatment with any investigational agent or device within 4 weeks of randomization.

Locations and Contacts

Montreal Heart Institute, Montreal, Quebec H1T 1C8, Canada; Recruiting
Hélène Brown, RN, B.Sc, Phone: 514-376-3330, Ext: 3931, Email: helene.brown@icm-mhi.org
Additional Information

Starting date: March 2012
Last updated: April 28, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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