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Phenelzine Sulfate and Docetaxel in Treating Patients With Prostate Cancer With Progressive Disease After First-Line Therapy With Docetaxel

Information source: OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Hormone-Resistant Prostate Cancer; Metastatic Prostatic Adenocarcinoma; Prostate Adenocarcinoma; Recurrent Prostate Carcinoma

Intervention: Biopsy of Prostate (Procedure); Docetaxel (Drug); Laboratory Biomarker Analysis (Other); Phenelzine Sulfate (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: OHSU Knight Cancer Institute

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Tomasz Beer, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: OHSU Knight Cancer Institute

Summary

This phase II trial studies how well giving phenelzine sulfate together with docetaxel works in treating patients with prostate cancer that is growing, spreading, or getting worse after first-line therapy with docetaxel. Phenelzine sulfate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Phenelzine sulfate may also help docetaxel work better by making tumor cells more sensitive to the drug. Giving phenelzine sulfate together with docetaxel may kill more tumor cells.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase II Study of MAOA Inhibitor Plus Docetaxel in Patients Receiving and Progressing on Docetaxel Therapy

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Proportion of patients who experience a PSA decline of at least 30%

Secondary outcome:

Duration of progression free survival after initiation of combination phenelzine and docetaxel therapy

Frequency of MAOA overexpression in CRPC tumors that are progressing on docetaxel

HIF-1alpha expression in circulating tumor cells as a potential measure of MAO and activity

MAOA expression in circulating tumor cells and comparison to biopsy MAOA expression

Maximum change in PSA

Response rate in measurable disease by RECIST criteria

Time to death from all causes

Toxicity of the regimen

Detailed description: PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine the proportion of patients who experience a prostate specific antigen (PSA) decline of at least 30% within 12 weeks of initiation of combination therapy when phenelzine (phenelzine sulfate) is added to docetaxel in patients who have evidence of progression on standard docetaxel. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine duration of progression free survival after initiation of combination phenelzine and docetaxel therapy. II. To determine the response rate in measurable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1. 1 criteria after initiation of combination phenelzine and docetaxel therapy. III. To report the maximum change in PSA from baseline to 12 weeks (or earlier in patients who discontinue early) by waterfall plot after initiation of combination phenelzine and docetaxel therapy. IV. To determine the toxicity of the combination regimen in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) previously treated with docetaxel. V. To determine time to death from all causes. VI. To determine the frequency of monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) overexpression in CRPC tumors that are progressing on docetaxel. VII. To compare the level of MAOA expression in primary diagnostic tissue (e. g. biopsy or radical prostatectomy) with CRPC tumors that are progressing on docetaxel. VIII. To correlate MAOA overexpression in CRPC tumors with response to combination study treatment. IX. To collect blood and tissue specimens for future molecular correlative studies. X. To validate MAOA assessment in circulating tumor cells. XI. To assess correlation with tissue expression of MAOA. XII. To measure hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha expression and other potential biomarkers in circulating tumor cells as a potential measure of MAO activity. TERTIARY OUTCOMES: I. To measure expression of lysine-specific histone demethylase 1 (LSD1) in CRPC tumors that are progressing on docetaxel and correlate with the endpoints described in the primary objective and secondary objectives I, II, III, and V. II. To conduct gene expression studies in CRPC tumors that are progressing on docetaxel and correlate them with and correlate with the endpoints described in the primary objective and secondary objectives I, II, III and V. OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of phenelzine sulfate.

Patients receive phenelzine sulfate orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days - 7 to -4, and then

twice daily (BID) on days - 3 to 21. Patients receive docetaxel intravenously (IV) over 60

minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for at least 12 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Male.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Histological or cytological diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the prostate

- Radiographic evidence of regional or distant metastases with suspected tumor in an

area that is safe to biopsy

- Willingness to undergo tumor biopsy

- Evidence of CRPC indicated by history of progression despite standard hormonal

therapy (by PSA and/or imaging studies)

- Planned or recent initiation of standard docetaxel therapy; patients may be enrolled

after receiving standard docetaxel therapy as long as the patient has not demonstrated evidence of progression for more than 45 days before enrollment ("late enrollers")

- For patients who have been on anti-androgen therapy and had evidence of response to

the addition of an anti-androgen (i. e., PSA reduction), patients must have discontinued anti-androgen therapy for at least six weeks (4 weeks for flutamide) without current evidence of an anti-androgen withdrawal response

- Serum testosterone levels < 50 ng/dL (unless surgically castrate); patients must

continue androgen deprivation with an luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist if they have not undergone orchiectomy

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2

- Has recovered from all therapy-related toxicity to =< grade 2 (except alopecia,

anemia and any signs or symptoms of androgen deprivation therapy)

- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1500/microliter (uL)

- Platelets >= 100,000

- Creatinine =< 1. 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Bilirubin =< 1. 5 times ULN (if total bilirubin elevated, but direct is within normal

limits (WNL), patient is eligible)

- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2. 5 times ULN

- PSA > 2 ng/mL (at the time of enrollment or prior to initiation of docetaxel)

- Life expectancy > 3 months

- Signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Significant peripheral neuropathy defined as grade 2 or higher

- A second active malignancy except adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or

other non-invasive or in situ neoplasm

- Significant active concurrent medical illness or infection precluding protocol

treatment or survival

- Current uncontrolled hyperthyroidism

- Pheochromocytoma

- Carcinoid Syndrome

- Known or suspected brain metastases

- Treatment with radiotherapy within the past 4 weeks or radiopharmaceutical therapy

(strontium, samarium) within the past 8 weeks

- Concurrent therapy with a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI), tricyclic

antidepressant, or Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor (MAOi); clinical judgment should be used in a decision to discontinue antidepressants; a minimum of a 1 week washout period is required for any tricyclic or related antidepressant, or any SSRI (2 weeks for paroxetine or sertraline, 5 weeks for fluoxetine); minimum 2 week washout for any MAOi

- Concurrent therapy with any excluded medications that cannot be safely discontinued

prior to initiation of combination therapy; discontinuation prior to enrollment is not required, but discontinuation prior to combination therapy must be possible

- Caution should be exercised in patients who are regularly taking narcotic analgesics,

particularly higher doses; the doses of narcotic analgesics may need to be reduced, patients may need to be monitored closely for drug interactions, and the risks and benefits of participation in the study should be considered; clinical judgment should be exercised to manage this potential drug interaction

Locations and Contacts

OHSU Knight Cancer Institute, Portland, Oregon 97239, United States; Recruiting
Tomasz M. Beer, Phone: 503-494-0365, Email: beert@ohsu.edu
Tomasz M. Beer, Principal Investigator

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium, Seattle, Washington 98109, United States; Recruiting
Peter S. Nelson, Phone: 800-422-6237, Email: pnelson@fhcrc.org
Peter S. Nelson, Principal Investigator

Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, Seattle, Washington 98109, United States; Recruiting
Evan Y. Yu, Phone: 800-804-8824, Email: evanyu@u.washington.edu
Evan Y. Yu, Principal Investigator

Additional Information

Starting date: July 2010
Last updated: June 16, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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